How many pigeons live: the length of life in the city and at home
- 11 Oct 07:45
Blue was tamed 5000 years ago. It was then that man loved this bird, he used it as food, in religious rites, as a postman, in pigeon sport. The property of pigeons was returned home to Arms in Ancient Greece. Since then, there has been a lot ofyears, but a person trembling with the trepidation of the behavior of this beautiful bird, and, of course, asked the question "How many doves live?".
The length of life of pigeons depends on a large number of factors.
Content of the article:
- 1 Life-afflicting factors
- 2 Differences in urban living, wildlife and home-based
- 3 Influence of feeding diet
- 4 Effect of infectious onset of
Factors affecting the life span of
Ornithologists have long established the lifetime of pigeons - 20 years. However, there is a huge amount of evidence that a dove can live up to 35 years. The life of pigeons depends on:
- climatic conditions( north, south);
- place of residence( domestic, wild);
- dietary intake( balance, scarcity or fullness with minerals and vitamins).
The difference in the length and quality of life of pigeons living in the northern regions, and those encountered in the south, is enormous. The factor that find shelter from snake and feed under snow is not always possible, reduces the life of birds very significantly. However, domestic pigeons contained in the northern latitudes, have a shorter life expectancy than their southern counterparts. Apparently, the reason is not only the presence of food and shelter. The duration of light day, the quality of feed, the content of biologically active substances and minerals in them - all these moments directly or indirectly affect how much a dove lives.
Differences in urban living, wildlife and home-grown
The dove has always settled in the vicinity of human habitation. The ease of extraction of food and water, as well as the ability to escape, gradually reduced vigilance, and city doves more often become feeds for predators. This factor regulates their population, but life expectancy remains higher than that of wild ones.
City, wild and domestic pigeons have a different life span.
Wild doves are more dusty, more damp and more ferret. These qualities are needed to him, to survive, to find food and to provide him and his cubs. To live in the highlands, the forest or the steppe is more difficult than in the vicinity of human habitation. Many beasts are trying to profit from the pigeons and their offspring. All this leaves its mark on the number of wildlife and the duration of their lives.
Wild Pigeon lives no more than 8 years. To this conclusion came the ornithologists on the basis of ringing birds and long-term observations.
The life of a home pigeon is much higher. Man created him all the conditions for growth and reproduction, while not limiting freedom. Breeders, working on the elimination of new breeds and improvements already existing, and think about the extension of life. That is why modern home pigeons live much longer than their old relatives.
Influence of Nutritional Power Supply
The diet of a wild pigeon is that it can be found in nature. As a rule, the seasonality of the arrival of grain, berries, nuts leads to a shortage of nutrients and minerals in those periods of life, when nature can not submit them "to the table".Prolonged unbalanced feeding leads to hypovitaminosis, mineral starvation and, as a consequence, a decrease in immunity and rapid aging of the body.
City Blue is lucky more. People feed them all. Seeds, breads and crumbs, nuts, remains of the kitchen table - all of this enriches their diet and makes it more balanced.
A totally different thing to do home pigeons. The age for feeding the diet is taken into account for each group. Starting from the chicks, the period of growth, pairing, and hanging the diet is balanced. Special laboratories are working on the creation of easily digestible, highly nutritious and high-quality fodder minerals for feeding pigeons of the corresponding age.
The lifetime of birds is strongly influenced by the diet.
Even if the owner feeds pigeons not with special fodder, and chooses a diet according to the formulation, he invests in it more than one and a half dozen ingredients. Each of the components contributes to the maintenance of the muscle tone of the bird, bone tissue, all organs and systems and immunity in general.
At home, breeding pigeons are allowed to parry up to 10 years of age. It was found that in this age period pigeons have an optimal carrier, their eggs can be well fertilized, and the offspring have viability.
Every year, the home pigeon is painted in a table of diet and adjusted for vitamin, protein and mineral composition. All this creates favorable conditions for increasing the life expectancy.
The Infectious Disease Influence of
The presence of contagious pathogens is highly influenced by how old pigeons live.
Wild pigeons, occupying one area with flying birds, often contact with them, and they, in turn, are the carriers of infectious and invasive diseases. Pigeons, having no immunity to "foreign" strains of microorganisms, become infected and die without surviving up to half their natural duration.
Urban street pigeons live longer, but they do not reach the length of the house feather. They are not less susceptible to infection with migratory infections, but can also become infected while eating the remains of human food. Without the help of their life it is not long.
Infectious diseases can significantly reduce the life of a bird.
A completely different picture with pigeons. They practically do not contact with flying birds. Their immunity is much higher and they can successfully fight even when the pathogenic microflora enters the body. Man constantly monitors the viability of both an adult population and chicks. In case of danger, the owner renders assistance, attracting to this narrow profile specialists.
Human activities are aimed at preventing diseases, maintaining sanitary and zoohygienic standards, which also contribute to strong immunity.
The number of wild and urban pigeons is regulated by nature itself. Their population is "mobile" value. There are years of growth and decline of livestock, but they remain permanent inhabitants of their habitats.
Pigeons adorn our cities, with their help, even the reinforced concrete structures come to life, the city becomes alive and breathable. The beauty of the rocks of domestic pigeons leads to delight. Everything is beautiful in the pigeons - both the look and the flight.