Veranda in the country has long been a favorite place for many people. Therefore, it is not surprising that it is often erected on the site of a country house. The patio itself is a part of the house, but here the person has more contact with nature. About the features of the construction of the
of this building will be discussed further.
- Varieties and constructional features of
- Building materials
- How to make a verandah in the country: preparing
- Wooden verandahs in the country: how to make
- Open veranda in the country: how to build
- Processing verandahs in the country
- Verandas, terraces in the country: video
Varieties and design features of
Generally, according to the design method, there are two types of similar structures:
Let's consider a little more about each of them. Thus, the built-in veranda is different in that it has a general foundation with a main building. In this case it is executed in the form of a logg
ia. The verandah does not have to have external walls. If they are, then they often consist of the same material from which the main building is erected. If the building has walls, then they are often decorated with windows window sills. Generally, the walls - not at all a necessary part of the veranda. So, instead of them you can set columns in height, equal to the dimensions of the building or curly balusters with handrails. The floor here most often do the same as they were made in the house itself. In particular, for this purpose, boards, stones or ceramic tiles may be used.
But the verandah attached is, above all, a constructive solution. Therefore, it is not always built simultaneously with the building itself. Often it is erected after some time, after the construction of the main building. The veranda attached to its design is three walls, and the role of the fourth plays directly on the wall of the house. This building usually has its own roof, most often one-hill and with a lower tilt than the main building. In addition, such roofs are lightweight construction. Due to this, they easily put on the tape or column type of the foundation.
From the glazing, verandas can be both removable and with non-removable glass or, in general, unclosed. The latter option is rarely constructed in our regions. Often, at least part of the veranda glasses stationary. If you choose this option, you need to fill the upper part with several identical glazed window blocks. The upper part of the building can be filled with removable blocks. The latter option requires additional financial investments, but it is still more practical. For example, with such glazing in hot weather, you can make the porch partly open, simply removing the part of the glazing. In any case, the question of how to glaze a verandah in a country should be decided by each owner of the premises individually.
Materials for the construction of
Most often, wood, brick and metal are used for the construction of verandahs in summer cottages. If the veranda is erected on the same foundation on which the house is located, then the brickwork is used as the basis for the future building. The metal frame is usually installed only when the slits between the metal rods can be closed with a slatted board, brick, lining, blocks of foam concrete, as well as slabs of chipboard or chipboard.
Most often used wood to build a verandah. This material is relatively cheap. In addition, it is environmentally friendly and has a low weight, which makes it possible to erect the veranda even on a columnar foundation. In order not to overload the design too much, it is best to use for upholstery boards or linings. In the case of wood, each breed has certain nuances during installation.
How to make a verandah in the country: preparation of
At this stage, preparation of necessary documents and procurement of materials is carried out. Documentation is required in order for the sale of the house to be legal, the legality of the annex has been confirmed. If the veranda will be built without permission, then you will have to pay a fine first and get the necessary documents, but it will do much more difficult.
In addition, at the preparatory stage, it is necessary to draw the necessary drawings of the future construction according to the sketches. In this case, there will be no difference between a verandah built on a summer residence with his own hands or a building organization hired for construction. When the sketch is ready, with the application, passport and other necessary documents, it is necessary to apply to the administration before the start of construction to coordinate the project. Only after this can begin construction. Upon completion of the work, it will be necessary to update the registration of the house.
In addition to the documentation, it is necessary to purchase and prepare the necessary building materials. Here are some nuances:
- If the house was constructed of glued timber, then the veranda should also be made of wood.
- If the main building is brick, then the veranda should be completely or at least partially made of brick.
- When building, it is impossible to combine materials such as wood siding or brick paving blocks.
Wooden verandahs in the country: how to make
For the construction of verandas from this material you can use wooden beams, wooden frames and frame-panel panels. If the house itself is built of logs, then the verandah is better to build from them. Nevertheless, most often it is reduced by a frame-board method. It takes a little time, economical and easy to execute. In addition, with the help of it can be implemented almost any architectural solution.
Now let's take a closer look at the construction process itself: First you need to mark the area near the wall of the house where it is planned to build a veranda in the country. This should be done in accordance with the existing project. On the corners there are holes in which the stands will be set. They must be at least a meter in depth. Between the pillars should be no more than one and a half meters. When the holes are ready, a pillow of gravel and sand in the thickness of about 320 mm is placed on their bottom. With this 200 mm should fall on the sand, and 120 mm on gravel. Next, gravel needs to be filled with hot bitumen for waterproofing. After that it is necessary to make a concrete base with a thickness of not less than 150 mm. The base needs to be checked with a level so that it is strictly horizontal. Next, on a concrete basis, it is necessary to make the hollow column of the brick to the desired mark. The cavities themselves should be filled with bits of bricks. Next, filled columns are treated with bitumen and sipped with soil. After the top part of them you need to put in several layers of material for moisture insulation, for example, ruberoid. Consider an example of laying a roofing material. First of all, the boards are fastened. This should be done so that the roof is very dense. After this ruberoid is rolled and fixed. Fix the best galvanized nails. Additionally, it is necessary to fix the cover with rails, which are located at equal distances from each other. It remains to fit and nail the bottom edge of the roofing material. The dimensions of the pillars are calculated based on the height of the main building's floor. The roof of the verandah is executed in such a way that it eventually falls under the roof of the house. For this, the floor on the veranda is 300 mm lower than in the building itself. The next step: take a double bar at 100 × 100 and form it on the binding bars. Under the lags between the boards should be made special cuttings. Vertical racks are made from the same beam, but already on the thorns and the lower strap. With the help of vertical racks, the width of the doorway is formed. Next, you can put on the lags of the floor. For its construction, usually used processed board, the thickness of which is at least 30 mm. The width of the bars varies from 85 to 120 mm. At first, logs are laid on the floor. Then they are lined with a layer of thermal insulation material. Then the boards are attached. They should be laid in such a way that the surface, as a result, is equal, without blemishes. It is desirable to process each item with protective equipment. When the floor is laid, the entire surface must be neatly painted or varnished. A verandah can be made of finished double-glazed windows, the size of which is chosen based on the planned area of the building and the required degree of lighting of the room. The more glass will be installed in the design, the easier it will look like a summer veranda in the country. In a warm time, sliding constructions are especially suitable. They allow the verandah to be open. At the height of 500-600 mm above the floor is installed a subfloor board. The wall between this strap and the lower strap should be disconnected( you can use SSP slabs).On the vertical supports, an upper tongue is installed. Moreover, the beam, which forms a binding, needs to be strengthened under the slope of the main building. After stacking rafters. They are fastened to the beams. Same rafters then close from the upper side uncirculated boards. Moreover, the material for the roof verandas should be the same as in the main building. Then you need to install window boxes and door openings. At first, these parts are mounted on the wedges, and then secured with nails. Available slits should be closed with a scratch. And from the outside and from the inside it is done differently. In the first case, a dry chip is used, and in the second one - it is moistened with gypsum solution of scratch. Next, the slats are installed, after which the window slots include ready-made windows for the porch on the cottage.
If it is planned to make an external entrance to the veranda, then it will be necessary to fit the porch with the stairs to the doorway. It remains to insert in place an entrance door and paint on the outside of the veranda with paint.
Open veranda in the country: how to build
This type of verandah is usually made of wood. For rough work it is quite possible to use inexpensive pine billets. Wood, among its other advantages, is rather ecological. For the processing of this material there is no need to buy specialized equipment or expensive tools.
All work can be conventionally divided into three stages:
- floor installation,
- roof construction,
- fence construction.
Detailed description of the installation work: Before laying the floor, you need to choose a coating. For this purpose most often use wooden flooring and linoleum. Other types of cladding are not suitable for an open veranda. When the coating material is selected, it is possible to start the installation of the floor. For this purpose, the basis is first collected. If you plan to make a large veranda, then to maintain stiffness will need to make additional supports. Usually, they are made from bricks laid on soil. In order for the floorboard to have a reliable bearing, the width of the column should be at least 50 mm, which is approximately the thickness of one silica brick. Columns need to be built from the wall of the house to the foundation. In this case, the distance between them should be about 1 m. As for the height of these columns, then it should coincide with the size of the foundation. Next, you can proceed to install the boarding board. One of its sides is placed on the foundation so that from the end of the board to the end of the base was at least 50 mm. The other side of the board is on a special support. If the main structure is made of stone, then the supports are also recommended to be made of stone. Most importantly, they should be integral. If the house is wooden, then at a desired height the beam with a section of 50 × 50 mm is screwed in. The padding is required for several reasons. First of all, it makes the design more durable. In addition, it allows you to align the base under the flooring flooring. In addition, the shelf board increases the life of the wooden floor. When done, you need to tighten the main coating. If the linoleum was chosen, it is enough to put it on top of the boards. If they were laid not close to each other, then before you tire linoleum, it is better to install a complete coating of plywood. If you want to make a flooring from a wood, it is necessary first to put and fix the beams in the section 50 to 50 at the top of the rough floor. In this case, the distance between them should be about 500 mm. When it's done, you need to put a heater between the beams. After that, the wooden floor is lined up. It is better to purchase floorboards, unprocessed, and then treat them yourself. For this you need to buy antiseptic, paint and moisturizer. The use of antiseptic is necessary to protect wood from pests and fungi. With the help of marmel and paint boards will take the desired tint. In addition, at the end of their work they will need to be varnished. When the floor is made, you can begin to erect a fence. They can be made by their own hands or ordered in workshops engaged in carpentry work. After the fencing will remain to install the roof. The process of its erection is practically the same for all types of verandas.
Treatment of verandas in a summer residence
A verandah will not prevent warming. For this, the inner side can be covered with drywall, and under it to put a heater. As it is used mineral wool in slabs. This material is fire safe, and in addition has a good sound insulation. In addition, it can easily be fixed to a vertical wall. At the same time, do not crush and do not settle.
Instead of changing, they still use ordinary foam. Wood will be a good heat insulator only if its thickness is not less than 200-240 mm. This indicator is still influenced by the type of wood. In the future on the drywall can be pasted wallpaper.
It is worth saying that the design options for verandah design in the country can be massive. For example, you can place various interior items such as a TV set, a pedestal for shoes, a clothes cupboard. In addition, on the walls of the room can be attached racks for indoor plants. When using verandahs, try not to clutter up a free space like city balconies. It should always be free to spend time, read a book, watch a TV, and arrange a holiday.
Veranda in the country: photo
Verandas, terraces in the country: video