All about growing and caring for Dragana Marginata
- 02 Oct 21:15
It is safe to say that dracaena of marginate, or, as it is called, dracaena is bordered, is the most common type of dracena. But what is the connection with such a popularity of this kind? Everything is very simple: its appearance of marginate strongly resembles a palm tree, and many florists make itfor that very reason. She also deserves the love of the flower gardener by her unpretentious care.
Dracena marginate is great for greening indoor, where there is little sunlight, for example, for offices. It is believed that marginata has many beneficial properties, namely excellent moisturizing air, and also reduces the content of various harmful substances in the air. Agree, such a dragnet's ability will not be unnecessary at the offices of computers and printers installed.
- 1 Flower description
- 2 Care rules
- 3 Diseases and pests
- 4 Reproduction
- 5 Video "Dracoena: origin, substance, care"
Dracoena marginate has a very exquisite and exotic beauty. It is a slim palm-like flower with a slobbery stem. The leaves are long and narrow, with a dark green color. But there is such a beautiful variety, as dracaena marginata bicolor: her leaves have two pronounced colors - green and red. With proper care and proper care, the dracaena can be trimmed to three-meter high. It should be noted that the growth of marginate is very slow, for a year adds only about 10 cm and almost never at home does not blossom.
Care Rules As already mentioned, the border is completely unpretentious and does not require much attention to itself. But quite often on the Internet you can find the terms "dracaena marginata care", because not everyone is familiar with the basic rules of growing this plant.
In order to make the flower delight you only with its beauty, it is worthwhile examining in detail how to care for dracen's marginate. Dracena's fringed is not very demanding for lighting and it is fine light scattered light. The ideal variant of its placement is the opposite side of the window. The main thing - do not put it under direct sunlight, it can provoke the burn of leaves. But there is an exception to the rules. For example, dracena bicolor best grows in morning or evening direct sunlight.
The fact that dracaena marginata does not like the bright sun does not mean that it needs to be hidden in the darkest corner. Lack of light will immediately affect the appearance, for example, the leaves will begin to lighten, and the new growth is pulled out in the direction of light. If you notice such signs, then change the location of the borderline rather. To ensure that the crown of the plant is smooth and does not bend in one direction, it is advisable to periodically return the pot.
Since the dracaena of marginate came to us from warm countries with high humidity, try to recreate a similar microclimate and indoors. The ideal temperature should be within + 18-22 degrees in winter and + 25-28 degrees in the summer. In the summer, if there is such an opportunity, it is best to bring the Dracena to the balcony, but make sure that it is not within, it will lead to the curling of leaves in the tube. In winter, in order to increase the temperature of the surrounding plant of air, it is not necessary to put the dracena fringed near the battery and other heating devices, as they very much dry up the air, which does not like this flower. Remember that air humidity should be at least 60%, regularly spray the leaves with water at room temperature.
Also, to increase the humidity, it is highly recommended to arrange the drazenu marginate of shower, for this place her bath and water it with warm water. This procedure perfectly refreshes the appearance of the plant and the loose dust collected from the leaves. The first signs by which one can determine that draceno is not enough moisture - begin to dry and break the tips.
For drained fence, you need to choose a nutritious and necessarily volatile soil. The ideal will be a mixture of leaf, sod earth and peat. In case you did not find a suitable substrate in the flower shop, you can prepare it yourself. Though dracaena and a moisture-loving plant, but it should be watered very moderately. In the summer it is about 2-3 times a week, and in winter it should be cut down to 1 time. In order not to make mistakes and not to dry or overload, it is best to navigate through the drying of the upper layer of the ground in a vase. With excessive watering the leaves will turn yellow, and if you do not have enough to dry and soon fall off.
Marginate does not have any particular benefits in fertilizing. The main condition is the high content of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus in fertilizers. In the period of intense growth, add fertilizer to water is twice a week, and in the rest period one time. Thanks to the addition of fertilizers, the leaves of the dracena will look healthy and well-groomed.
When the dracaena is bordered, reaches the height that is not appropriate for you, it is worthwhile to do the circumcision procedure. To many beginners in the flower garden, this procedure seems too complicated, and they are afraid to do something wrong and thereby cause harm. After reading the basic rules, you will not be afraid of pruning, and it will not take you much time and effort.
The first and most important rule is to prune the dracena only in the spring period, in the phase of active growth. At this time, the borderline produces a growth hormone that stimulates the healing of the trunk after trimming, in the winter there is no such that significantly slows healing. From this it follows that the pruning of dracena marginate in winter is not worth it. Exception can only be an emergency, for example, the flower is broken. Provided that you will care for the plant properly, it will very soon return to its previous state. The second rule is that it is impossible to hold the pruning of the weakened dragnet obliquely. This procedure is quite stressful for the plant, and cope with it without the consequences can only healthy flower. First, you should cure it, and then prune it.
Cut the stem only with a very sharp blade at a distance of 15-20 cm from the top. The cut-off site must necessarily be treated with molten paraffin or peeled activated charcoal.
Note that after flowering, the flower begins to lose moisture very quickly, which greatly slows the process of the appearance of new kidneys. To avoid dehydration, sprinkle the stem several times a day with water. It is also recommended that the slice be wrapped in a transparent plastic bag, it keeps moisture well and creates the effect of a mini-greenhouse.
After purchase, the plant needs to be transplanted into a suitable pot with properly selected soil. Be sure to, transplanting the dracaena fringed, remove from the roots the former soil, as in the store it is planted in peaty soil, which holds moisture for a long time. If the roots of the plant are constantly moist, then it will soon die. A young plant should be transplanted once a year, more mature once in 2-3 years. When transplanting a new pot choose the size of the root system. Do not forget about good drainage, it prevents stagnation of water. It can be made from a large claydite. Pile is 2-3 cm high. After transplantation, draceno should be polished once a week. In the first month after transplantation use of different fertilizers is strictly prohibited, because in fresh substrate and so very useful substances. For the first time try not to disturb the plant, he needs calm.
Diseases and pests
Sufficient frequent cases of damaging leafy leaves are various diseases and pests. Among the pests, the attackers on the draconian bordered, can be identified spider mite and nematodes. A spider mite appears with inappropriate air humidity. For the prevention it is necessary once a month to treat the plant by fitover or actelic. Nematodes bordered often infected in greenhouses. If you notice that the plant is choking in front of the eyes, the leaves are lowered down and do not shine, then an immediate transplant is required. Carefully examine the roots of the flower, if there is bloating, then this egg is nematode. It is advisable to cut the petioles for rooting, and roots throw away. The pot must be washed with detergents, and then rinse with boiling water.
Often a dracaena is struck by bacterial disease. Rot covers the leaves on the edges, and if it does not get rid of time, then spreads further. If such a spread occurs, it is advisable to get rid of the flower at all. To avoid rot, observe the air humidity( it should not be above the permissible norm) and the frequency of watering( let the soil dry), and also add fertilizer with high percentage of phosphorus and potassium. It's better to prevent the disease than to treat it.
Reproduction - the procedure is quite simple, but requires time and certain skills. Mostly fringed are propagated in two ways: stem and apical cuttings. The best time for breeding is spring or the beginning of summer. In the maternal dracaena, gently cut the crochet or the corresponding piece of stem. Place the cut necessarily. Dry the cut off part, treat the stimulator with root formation, and then place it in the soil. It is advisable to cover the pot with a transparent package or a pot, thus creating the conditions for the mini-greenhouse. The temperature should not fall below + 25 degrees. It is periodic to remove the package and spray the leaves.
Cuttings can be placed not only in soil but in water. To do this, take a clear glass and fill with water with room temperature. Water should be changed as it is clouded. It is recommended in a glass to throw a tablet of activated charcoal, then change the water will be less. The rooting process is quite long - from 3 weeks to 1.5 months. Once the roots appear, the plant is ready for transplant into a constant pot.
As you have managed to make sure, dracaena marginate - a wonderful plant for both home and office. In response to care and care, she will delight you with her magical beauty for many years.
Video "Dracena: Origin, Content, Care"
In this video, you will hear the main characteristics of the dracaena type and care tips, as well as see the Margenata dracaena plant in the flowerpot.