Operation on meniscus of the knee joint
- 01 Oct 21:00
- What is a meniscus and causes of its damage
- Symptoms of meniscus damage
- Indications and contraindications to operation
- Various types of operations
- Possible complications after surgery
- Rehabilitation after surgery
Very often people are wondering thatis an operation onmenisk and how it is done. This is primarily due to the fact that this important part of the body takes on a load almost always, and therefore more prone to any damage.
As with other similar cases, it is possible to do without a meniscal operation and use methods without surgical intervention. But their effectiveness remains questionable, so in the event of damage, it will be more correct to make a choice in favor of the operation.
What is the meniscus and causes of its damage
It is worth noting that meniscus is found not only on the legs, but also in other parts of the body. However, when it comes to meniscus, it means knee joints.
Menisk is the so-called cartilage located a
As the knees are necessarily involved in walking, the damage to the meniscus is a fairly widespread phenomenon. Particularly inclined to people who are engaged in amateur or professional sports, for example, volleyball or football. Menisk gets a gap when there is a sharp load at the moment of rotation and joint expansion. Therefore, you need to be extremely careful, because any inaccurate movement can lead to sad consequences.
It should not be forgotten that meniscus has the ability to wear out, and in the long run it can also result in injury.
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Symptoms of meniscus damage
At first, meniscus damage may not be manifest and masked by other knee diseases. Only a few weeks later, the person shows symptoms that indicate that the meniscus is damaged. Therefore, in case of any suspicion, you should immediately contact a doctor, because the earlier treatment will start, the more likely it will be. Usually, the meniscus rupture has the following symptoms:
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Indications and Contraindications to
Operation When meniscus is damaged, surgery is not always the only method of treatment. In some cases, bandages that limit joints, which helps to heal it, are used.
But the operation becomes extremely necessary if:
- use of bandages did not lead to recovery;
- meniscus received a gap of a fairly large size;
- meniscus cartilage begins to squeeze.
Although in some cases surgery is the only solution, it's worth remembering that if the patient has an illness at an active stage, such as a flu or a cold, then the surgery is not performed.
In the case of women, a menstrual cycle is added to the contraindications. During it, the operation is also not carried out.
Types of Operations Today, the arthroscopic operation method has become widespread. It allows you to not create large cuts on the operated part, so the operation on the meniscus becomes not only effective, but also safe. Depending on the degree of damage, such types of treatment as transplantation, full or partial removal and restoration of the meniscus are used.
Transplantation. It is used when the meniscus is completely destroyed, and its treatment in other ways is impossible. For these purposes, transplants are used - parts that completely or partially replace the damaged organ. They can be both donor and artificially created.
For a surgery of this type, a small incision is made, where the graft is carefully inserted, and then sewn on it. In this method, it is very important to accurately determine the location of the meniscus and the correct size of the transplant being inserted. Failure to do so may result in negative consequences. There were no special risks in performing such an operation, but the operation could be performed only if the patient is not more than 40 years old.
Removal of meniscus. If the cartilage has been completely crushed or torn apart, then they carry out an operation to remove the meniscus. Usually only remove the part that was damaged, and the complete removal is extremely rare. This is due to the fact that complete removal can lead to unwanted changes, for example, before the onset of arthrosis. Therefore, complete removal is made when the use of other methods becomes impossible.
Restore Meniscus. If the help was addressed on time, and the damage was determined rather quickly, in some cases the meniscus can be restored. In this method, the main thing is to fix the meniscus with the knee joint capsule. To do this, depending on the damage, the meniscus sewed with a special seam or fixed with special screws, which later self-dissolving.
It is worth noting that if the meniscus was damaged in a place that is well supplied with blood, then the chances of its successful recovery are greatly increased.
content Possible complications after
surgery In most cases, operations are successful and do not cause any complications. Nevertheless, there is a risk of infection or damage to the blood vessels. Particularly complications depend on age, therefore, the elderly people are the most affected. Since in modern conditions the hospitals are equipped with everything necessary, such cases are almost not met.
The time until complete healing of the meniscus is purely individual and depends on the age of the patient and the type of injury, but usually a complete recovery is required from 2 to 5 months.
Do not forget that a successful recovery depends directly on the doctor's instructions. If you do not follow the instructions of a doctor, it can not only slow down the recovery process, but also lead to the need for a repeat surgery.
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operation Rehabilitation is needed to return to the former lifestyle as soon as possible. After the operation it is necessary that the joints again get accustomed to the load. For this, the next day a patient may be assigned a moderate pace. But it is necessary to ensure that at first the load on the operated foot is minimal.
In case of removal of the meniscus, such a load is prohibited, so it is better to use crutches for a while. This is usually a period of up to 6 months.
When the joint strengthens, it is worth taking up the medical and sports complex. At first, this is a light exercise that gradually moves to the full load of operated meniscus.
It is also recommended to attend massage sessions that will facilitate quicker and more effective joint development.
In some cases, drugs that reduce pain after surgery and may have a beneficial effect on the course of treatment may be prescribed.
In no case should you do all this yourself, since the permissible load in each case is individual. Before that, it is strongly recommended that you consult your doctor, who will assess the situation, determine whether you need to use crutches and appoint acceptable exercises.
Despite the effectiveness of operations, it is better not to allow such situations to occur.
If you do sports, you do not have to neglect the warmth and immediately get excessive loads, especially on the legs. One should be careful in their movements and try to wear only comfortable shoes. Remember that compliance with simple rules is much easier and safer than treatment of negative consequences.