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Disease Of The Skin

Hirsutism - symptoms, treatment, photos

Hypersensitivity is a disease that manifests itself as a growth in women's hair on the body and in the face by the male type. Such a pathological condition not only delivers problems of aesthetic nature, it can affect the general state of health, especially, on the childbearing

function. Hirsutism affects approximately 2-10% of the female population.

Hair growth in hirsutism is observed in so-called androgen-dependent zones, that is, it is triggered by excessive maintenance of male hormones in the blood. Hirsutism hair grows on the face, on the mammary glands( around the nipple), on the hips, on the back and abdomen.

Hirsutism is not only a cosmetic problem but also a sign of serious violations in the work of the endocrine system, which requires serious and long-lasting treatment.

Contents

  • 1 Causes of excess hair growth
  • 2 Clinical picture of
  • 3 Methods of diagnosis
  • 4 Treatment of excessive sounding
    • 4.1 Treatment of folk medicine
  • 5 Forecast and prevention of

Causes of excess hair growth

Hirsutism symptoms, treatment, photos Normally, in women in androgen-dependent zones grow unpigmented pelvichair, they are very thin, soft and almost imperceptible. With hirsutism, these thin hairs are converted to the terminal - thick, pigmented, rigid.

Causes of hirsutism may be different. Most often, increased hair growth is provoked:

  • Hyperandrogenism, that is, increased production of male hormones.
  • Hereditary predisposition.
  • Side effects of certain drugs in a particular group.

Hyperandrogenism in women may develop as a consequence of such diseases and conditions:

  • Ovarian function disorders( polycystic ovaries, tumors, hyperkinesis, etc.).In this case, hirsutism is accompanied by malfunctions in the menstrual cycle, problems with conceiving.
  • Disorders of the function of the adrenal glands( hyperplasia - acquired or congenital, tumors, etc.).By the way, hyperplasia causes such diseases: a tumor of Kenen, nevus Spitsa, nodule of a verve.
  • Pituitary function disorders( prolactinome, acromegaly, etc.)

Family hirsutism is due to genetic peculiarities that are transmitted from generation to generation in individual families or in large ethnic groups.

In addition, the cause of excessive hair growth by the male type may be the intake of some medications. Most often, hirsutism leads to the use of drugs containing corticosteroids, anabolic, androgens, cyclosporins, interferons, etc.

There is an idiopathic hirsutism, that is, caused by obscure reasons. Idiopathic hirsutism, as a rule, differs less pronounced symptoms, reproductive function in this case is not disturbed.

The cause of the development of hirsutism can be the physiological state of a woman associated with hormonal alterations - pregnancy, menopause, pubescence.

Despite the variety of causes that can cause excessive hair growth, hirsutism is most often caused by polycystic ovaries. This disease is observed in 90% of patients with hirsutism in women.

Clinical picture of

The main symptoms of hirsutism are the appearance of rigid pigmented hair growing on the body and face. That is, hair with hirsutism begin to grow by the male type of voice.

There are also secondary signs of hirsutism, which is:

  • Increased secretion of hair and skin.
  • Acne, that is, the appearance of purulent acne on the face, chest, back.
  • Alopecia - hair loss on the head, the appearance of bruises.
  • Violation of the menstrual function, problems with conceiving.

Since hirsutism is often caused by an increase in the level of androgens, the typical men's features may appear in women - coarsening of the voice, muscle mass increase, libido enhancement, localization of fatty deposits by the male type, and breast reduction. Sometimes, when hirsutism changes affect the external genital organs, an increase in the size of the clitoris, the vaginal lubricant ceases to stand out.

Diagnostic Methods

Diagnosis of hirsutism is based on a review, anamnesis and a series of studies.

When collecting anamnesis, pay attention to the following points:

  • Character development. It should be determined how the growth of hair appeared - sharply or gradually. The gradual increase in the symptoms of hirsutism, accompanied by irregular menstruation, weight gain, the appearance of signs of cystic acne speaks in favor of polycystic ovaries. In the event that hirsutism manifests itself sharply and accompanied by the appearance of signs of virilization( the appearance of male rice in women), it is worth suspecting the appearance of a tumor that causes increased synthesis of androgens.
  • Drug Reception. It is necessary to find out what drugs the patient took, and they could not cause manifestations of hirsutism.
  • The state of the menstrual function. If in the background of excessive hair growth in the patient there is no menstrual dysfunction, it is necessary to assume the idiopathic or family type of hirsutism.
  • To find out the causes of excess hair growth, you need to go through a series of surveys that allow you to determine the level of some hormones in the blood.

  • Total Testosterone. With a high concentration of this hormone, it is worth assuming a tumor of the ovaries, which provokes excessive hair growth.
  • DGEAS.This indicator of adrenal activity, its increase can lead to the development of hirsutism.
  • Androstendion. The increase of this hormone testifies to the pathology of the ovaries.
  • 17-hydroxyprogesterone. The level of this hormone increases with hyperplasia of the adrenal glands.
  • Cortisone. Concentration of this hormone is observed in the abnormalities of the pituitary function, with the Ytsenko-Cushing's syndrome, which may be the cause of the development of hirsutism.
  • Gonadotrophin. The concentration of these hormones increases with polycystic ovaries, and this disease is more likely to provoke excessive hair growth.
  • To find out the causes of hirsutism, the patient must undergo ultrasound examination of the ovaries and adrenal glands, gynecologist consultation, adrenal MRI, MRI of the brain, diagnostic lacroscopy of the ovaries to exclude the development of the tumor.

    Treatment for excessive voice frequency

    The method of treating hirsutism is chosen depending on the causes of the disease. Excessive hair growth is not an independent disease, but a consequence of some kind of abnormalities in the body. Therefore, it is necessary to eliminate the primary factor that led to hirsutism.

  • If a tumor has been detected in the ovary, pituitary or adrenal glands during the test, surgical treatment is indicated.
  • In the event that hair growth is triggered by the intake of drugs, it is necessary to cancel the drug, picking up the replacement, does not cause side effects.
  • If the presence of tumors that provoke excessive release of androgens is eliminated, then it is advisable to prescribe antiandrogenic drugs.
  • If a congenital form of adrenal hyperplasia is found that has caused hirsutism, prednisone, cortisol or dexamethasone should be prescribed.
  • When polycystic ovary is selected, oral contraceptives antiandrogenic effect - Zhanin, Diani-35, etc. The cycle of admission should be at least six months, sometimes the cycles of treatment should be repeated.
  • If hirsutism is accompanied by obesity, then the diet is recommended to patients.
  • As a rule, all of these treatments allow you to slow down or eliminate the growth of new hair, but does not reduce the amount already appeared. To remove hair, use cosmetics and procedures:

    • Different methods of hair removal - shaving, scrubbing, waxing or special creams.
    • Blurring of hair to make them less noticeable.

    Do not forget that frequent and rough hair removal can lead to irritation, keloid scarring on the skin. In case of non-compliance with hygiene measures when hairing or scratching, it is possible to attach a secondary infection.

    Chemical depilation( with creams) is effective against relatively thick hairs. Laser or photoepilation is a more effective method, in the process of these procedures the hair follicle, which stops hair growth, is destroyed.

    Treatment of folk medicine methods

    In the event that hirsutism is expressed in an easy way and is not accompanied by violations of the menstrual cycle, then special treatment is usually not prescribed. However, the presence of excess hair with hirsutism causes the woman a lot of inconvenience. To eliminate excess hair, you can use the recipes of folk medicine

    . Using phytotherapy methods, you need to tune in to the fact that the treatment of hirsutism will be prolonged.

    Hirsutism symptoms, treatment, photos The juice of immature walnut is the most popular and effective remedy for hirsutism. To make a remedy for removing excess hair, you need to take green fruits, the skin of which has not yet managed to harden. You need to cut and squeeze juice from them with your hands. The resulting juice should be applied to the hair that is to be removed. After drying the juice, the skin should be washed. This tool can be used to remove hair on the body, it is better for the person not to use it.

    You can use specially prepared sugar syrup to remove excess hair with hirsutism. This procedure is called shugaring, it is made in many salons, but it can be done on its own. It is necessary to cook a syrup of half a glass of water, three hundred grams of sugar and juice of half a lemon. Syrup is boosted to the density, in a warm condition is applied to the region of excess hair growth, and then the cooled crust is removed by a sharp movement.

    You can use wax for cosmetic treatment of hirsutism, that is hair removal. For this operation you can buy finished wax plates in the pharmacy.

    With hirsutism the hair can be cleaned using the following composition;80 ml of water, 10 g.starch and sodium sulfate, 5 g.glycerinThe prepared composition is applied to the skin in the place of excess hair growth, after drying it is washed off. This composition can be used and with hirsutism on the face.

    All of the above treatments are aimed at hair removal, but they can not eliminate the cause that caused them to grow. If the cause of hirsutism is polycystic ovary, then, along with the treatment prescribed by the doctor, you can use the recipes of folk healers.

    For the treatment of ovarian polycystic ovary, which provokes hirsutism, a mixture of gruel juice and honey can be used.

    It is necessary to take juice of fresh berries and mix with equal amount of natural floral honey. Take the medicine for 4 weeks, gradually increasing its amount. In the first week of taking it is necessary to take about a quarter of a teaspoon, it is better to do it in the morning until breakfast. In the second week, the dose increases to half teaspoon. On the third Sunday, not only the dose( to a full teaspoon) increases, but also the frequency of reception, now the device should be drunk not only in the morning, but also before bedtime. In the last week take a tablespoon of the mixture twice a day. After that, you need to take a break for 4 weeks, then resume the course in reverse order. That is, in the first week the maximum dose is taken, which gradually decreases.

    Forecast and prevention of

    Hirsutism symptoms, treatment, photos Hirsutism may require long and persistent treatment. If the therapy is right, the promise of stopping the growth of new hair is favorable, however, to eliminate already existing hair will have to resort to additional methods. It is very important to correctly identify the cause that caused hirsutism and eliminate it.

    Prevention of hirsutism is to get rid of excess weight and cellulite, since obesity can provoke hormonal failure. In any violation of the menstrual function, it is not necessary to postpone a visit to a gynecologist, as this condition may be due to ovarian function disorders that can provoke hirsutism.

    It is strictly forbidden to self-treat with the use of various hormones. Since taking such medications can cause hormonal failures and lead to hirsutism.