Telangiectasia - causes, symptoms, classification, treatment, photo
- 30 Sep 07:30
- Disease Of The Skin
Telangiectasia, or, as they are often called, vascular asterisks look outwardly, like blue or pink spots of oblong form, with a prominent network of small vessels. The term "telangiectasia" itself was proposed in 1807 by researcher Graf von( Graf Von).
This phenomenon is more common inin women, with almost half of the female population having telangiectasia to varying degrees. Most often, vascular sprockets are formed on the face and legs. In people who are often in the sun, telangiectasia may appear in the neckline or neck area.
- 1 Causes of
- 2 Clinical picture
- Classification 4
- Diagnostic Methods 5
- Treatment 5.1 Methods of treatment of vascular asterisks on the face of
- 5.2 Methods of treating vascular asterisks located on the feet of
- 5.3 Treatment by folk methods
- 6 Forecast and prevention of
The main reason for the appearance of telangiectasia is the special vascular sensitivity transmitted at the genetic level. That is, the propensity to form vascular asterisks is congenital.
Normally, the walls of the vessels are very elastic, so they have great resistance to various kinds of stimuli. In people with reduced elasticity of the vascular walls under the action of heat and sun the vessels expand and remain in this position for a long time.
The occurrence of teleangioectasia on the legs is often evidence of a circulatory disorder. Because of pathological changes in blood veins can not pass them, resulting in increased pressure in small vessels, which leads to the formation of vascular asterisks.
Another reason for the formation of telangiectasia is the high level of estrogen( sex hormones).That is why the asterisks are often first manifested in pregnant women or in women who take hormonal contraceptives.
The provocative factor in the formation of telangiectasia is solar radiation, as well as any actions leading to vasodilatation - strong emotions, alcohol intake, etc.
Clinical picture of
Telangiectasia is formed from capillary loops located near the surface of the skin. Vascular asterisks may have different colors - blue, red, purple. And the shade may change over time.
Color, as well as the size of telangiectasia, to a large extent, will be determined depending on the nature of their origin.
Thin teleangiectasia of red, do not project above the surface, develop from arterioles and capillaries. Blue telangiectasia, which are often convex, are usually formed from venules.
Sometimes, thin red telangiectasia will eventually become wider and gain purple shades. Such changes are due to the fact that the blood vessels from the venous capillary loop are carried in the blood vessels.
In medicine, several systems have been adopted that classify telangiectasia. In practice, the Radish-Pelzer classification is most often used. On this system, all types of telangiectasia are divided into 4 types:
Diagnosis of telangiectasia is performed on the basis of external examination. Additionally, the patient may be referred to an examination that can detect vascular pathology.
Is it necessary to treat telangiectasia? After all, the subjective sensations will not cause this defect?
Undoubtedly, the answer to the above question should be positive. When placing vascular spots on the face, they create a cosmetic defect. The placement of asterisks on the legs may indicate vascular disease, so such patients may need special treatment.
Many different techniques are used to get rid of telangiectasia. The choice of treatment method depends on the location of the star and its types.
Ways to treat vascular asterisks on the face of
There are special creams and ointments recommended for telangiectasia. However, these funds should be classified as prophylactic, since with their help to eliminate persistent changes that affect the blood vessels, it is impossible.
Electrocoagulation is often used to remove asterisks. The procedure consists in the fact that the doctor with a thin needle, on which the high-frequency electric current is made, touches the changed vessels. As a result of this effect, the walls of the vessel narrow, and simultaneously coagulation occurs( containing coagulation) of protein contained therein.
After performing the procedure, the skin will first blink and slightly swollen. Then small crustlets are formed on it, which disappear after about a week. Strongly, it is not recommended to break the crust violently, as it can lead to a deterioration of the final appearance of the skin.
You can remove telangiectasia with a laser procedure. When using this technique, telangiectasia laser beam is used to "close" the expanded vessel. With the help of a laser, it is quite successful to remove large spots of telangiectasia, which can not be cured by electrocautery.
Methods for treating vascular asterisks located on the legs of
. In the treatment of teleangiectasia, sclerotherapy is often used. In this case, a special substance that "glues" the walls of blood vessels into the vessel is introduced, through this vessel the blood ceases to flow, therefore the manifestations of telangiectasia disappear.
Electro - or laser coagulation can be used to remove vascular asterisks on the legs. Often, these treatments are used in combination with sclerotherapy.
For general vascular consolidation, vitamin therapy, moderate physical training, regular walks, and hardening can be prescribed.
When using telangiectasia, it is not recommended to use cosmetics containing alcohol.
Treatment by folk methods
For the treatment of telangiectasia, folk healers recommend:
- Crush the berries of blue grapes and apply them to vascular asterisks. Similarly, you can use redcurrants or strawberries.
- Use jojoba oil, it can be added to the cream or milk for the face and body.
- Apple vinegar can be used to treat telangiectasia on the legs. They need to wipe the location of the stars on their legs. Then add to the skin a cabbage leaf, fix it with a bandage and leave overnight. Instead of apple cider vinegar, you can use pulp of green tomatoes. After such mask the skin is recommended to grease with a greasy cream.
Forecast and prevention of
Prevention of telangiectasia is the protection of the skin from excessive insolation. In addition, if there are cases of vascular spots in the family, it is advisable to use prophylactic therapeutic cosmetics and special creams that help narrow the vessels.
The emergence of telangiectasia may have evolved over the years. However, if the appearance of vascular sprockets is associated with vascular disease, the region of telangiectasia may increase.