Room ferns. NephrolepisCare and Growing.
- 30 Sep 04:00
Guess what widely known indoor plants grew in prehistoric forests even in the days when dinosaurs wandered around the earth? Of course, this is fern. Apparently, only chlorophyllum can be called his peers. In the botanical classification ferns occupy an entire department, theis subdivided into a multitude of orders, families, and already some species and totally more than 20 thousand.
Some varieties adapted to room conditions. Most often on the sill of florists you can find an adianthom( the people called Venurin hair), aspenium. Less common are cirtonium and golden polypodium. But the most similar to their prehistoric ancestors is nephleleptism. His carved feathery leaves often attract novice floral lovers, and can be called the most unpretentious. For example, nephrolepis, we will consider some features of growing ferns at home.
Caring for Room Fern( Nephrolysis)
As mentioned above, varieties of the genus Nephroleptis are rather unpretentious, but some rules need to be respected. Where is it better to place a flower pot, which grows feathery handsome? Among lovers of florists, there is an opinion that a fern-loving plant, and sometimes it is inserted into a dark corner. And most often this deception leads to the death of the plant, at best - to the loss of decorative.
It should be remembered: Room fern - the plant is light-colored, but direct sunlight must be avoided. So, for a fern we choose a bright window, perhaps southern, but do not forget to block it from the burning sun. In general, fern - a fairly large plant, and flower pot, from the standpoint of the interior, will be more appropriate on the floor than on the windowsill. It will be great to feel the fern if you place it in the space between the windows, on the stand, or the cushion. In the summer, a green pet can be taken to the street, but one should not forget to cover it from direct sunlight.
The optimum temperature for fern growth is 20-22 degrees, that is, room temperature. It can withstand a drop in temperature to 12 degrees, but it is better not to accommodate the plant such shakes. Some florists recommend putting a pot with ferns in the bath and arranged the plant shower.
Watering, Humidity, Feeding
Like many ferns, nephrolysis prefers abundant irrigation, and prolonged soil drying has a bad effect on the plant. Water it should be as soon as the top layer of soil in the pot begins to dry slightly. But everything is well in the way: too much to fill a plant, too, should not be, the roots can be bent and the fern will perish. It should be remembered: you can only fry the water with settled water, preferably thaw or snow.
Particular attention should be paid to the growth of the nephrolepiosis in the room humidity. The air is too dry in the room - the enemy of room ferns. During the heating season, keep ferns away from batteries and heating devices, use special humidifiers for the room and regularly spray the plant from the spray gun. In the summer, it is also necessary to periodically spray. As a fertilizer it is possible once in 2-3 weeks to use any complex mineral fertilizer, dividing it by half. Better fertilizers with high potassium content. Also ferns are grateful to organic fertilizers, for example, infusion of cow.
Fungus is not necessarily transplanted annually. This should be done in the event that the plant is already large for its pot. The roots of ferns have the property to sprout vigorously, whirling the earthen coma, so you should not too clean them from the old soil, so as not to damage. In the event that the transplant is not caused by the disease of the plant, the overflow or soil is spoiled by pests, you can simply transplant the plant into another pot of larger size. For ferns, large pots of small depths are suitable. Soil can be purchased in a flower shop. The selection of soils for ferns is quite large, but when buying it is necessary to pay attention to acidity. Ferns love acidifying soil, pH 5-6,6.
Ground mix for ferns can be made on its own. The most commonly used recipe is:
- one part of peat
- one piece of
- overhang one piece of sheet metal
- bone flour - a little bit, about 0,2 parts of
At the bottom of the pot you need to put a little clay so that water does not stagnate.
Fern multiplication of
Ferns multiply by dividing the bush and spores. Reproduction through spores is an interesting but long and complicated process, therefore, it is extremely rarely used at home, beginners are unlikely to cope with it. Typically, ferns in the transplant are divided into several bushes, which are planted in different pots. But even this simple way sometimes gives a negative result.
In order for the breeding process to be successful, it is necessary to wait for the appearance of young rootstock sockets, which should be carefully separated from the mother bush, leaving a part of the soil on the roots. After transplanting a young plant, it is necessary to maintain the optimum level of soil moisture and prevent drying. While the adaptation period is underway, young ferns should be given special attention.
Features of Room Fern
Any fern, and especially nephrolepis, a very decorative plant that can decorate any interior. But, besides this, it has another important positive feature: as spatiphillum and chlorophythum, fern refers to plants that can clean the air.
Some flower growers claim that the fern has a wound-healing effect, along with aloe vera. And his beautiful pinnate leaves - "vayi" can be used in bouquets and floral compositions. Shattered vayy your green pet will recover quickly enough.