Windy pox - causes, symptoms, treatment, prevention, photo
- 29 Sep 06:01
- Disease Of The Skin
Wind pox, commonly known as chickenpox, as natural pox is a sharp, highly infectious disease. The disease is caused by a virus belonging to the family Herpesviridae.
Most of the patients with chickenpox are children, but adults are not uncommon. In the vast majority of cases, the course of chicken pox is favorable, only in 2% of cases there are complications.
- 1 Causes of
- 2 disease development Clinical picture of
- 3 Typical forms of the disease
- 4 Possible complications of
- diagnostic methods 6
- treatment 6.1 Treatment with folk remedies
- 7 Forecast and prevention of
disease Development of a virus - an infectious disease caused by onefrom varieties of herpes viruses - Varicella Zosyer( Varicella Zoster).This virus causes two clinically different diseases. When infected with childhood, chickenpox occurs, adult patients are more likely to suffer from scabies. About what might be the consequences after depriving you can read here.
Vetrianka is among other infectious diseases with a unique ability to infect. The susceptibility to the virus is 100%.By the age of 15 years, already 90% of people have time to die of chicken pox. People who have died have become persistent immunity to chickenpox, which is preserved for life.
The chickenpox virus, like the bark virus, gets into the body, penetrating through the epithelial cells and the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract. Getting into the blood, the viruses spread through the current circulatory system and fix it on the skin, causing pathological processes in the superficial layers of the epidermis - the formation of papules and vesicles.
The chicken pox virus is permanently stored in the nerve cells of the body, while in a "sleeping" latent state. As a result of provocative factors that cause weakening of the immune system, the virus may become active, which will lead to the development of scapular lichen.
The source of chickenpox infection is just a sick person. Infecting the surrounding person begins about three days before the rash and within five days of the appearance of the last element of the rash.
Infection is spread by airborne drip, the chicken pox virus is easily transmitted when talking, coughing, etc.
Clinical picture of
During the chickenpox, four periods are distinguished.
The incubation period begins with the introduction of the virus and continues until the appearance of the first symptomatic manifestations of chicken pox. Its duration is 11-24 days.
Prodromal period is not observed in all patients, its duration is 1 day. Manifested by the appearance of abundant red rash, stored for several hours, increase in temperature.
The period of rash during windy whiskers begins either sharply against the background of general health, or after the prodromal period. Its duration is on average 4 days, sometimes longer. For this period, smallpox is characterized by fever, fever, enlargement of the lymph nodes( not all patients), the appearance of rash. Rash at windy whiskey appears abundantly, during the following days there are new elements of rash against the background of dryness of the former. Beloved for localization of the rash is not present, with wind wicks there is a rash all over the body, and sometimes on the mucous membranes.
First there are red spots that quickly turn into a bubble with a transparent, and then dimming content. After a couple of days, the blister dries up with the formation of a crust, which disappears after 1-3 weeks. As soon as the appearance of rashes ceases, the patient with chicken pox ceases to present a threat to others. An appearance of a rash may be accompanied by a slight itching.
In the absence of antiseptic treatment of rashes in windy whiskey, secondary infection may occur, with subsequent suppuration. In this case, scars may persist on the spot of healed abscesses.
The recovery period for windy whiskey is about three weeks after the appearance of the latest rash.
Typical forms of the disease
A typical clinical picture of chickenpox is described above. However, in some patients, the disease occurs in the latent or, conversely, in severe form.
- In the latent form of chicken pox, there are no symptoms such as fever, and other manifestations of intoxication. The rash with such a flow of chicken pox is scarce.
- Bullet-shaped chicken pox is found mainly in adults with severe chronic diseases. In such patients, flabby bubbles of large size appear on the skin, which, after autopsy, turn into long-necked ulcers.
- Hemorrhagic type of chicken pox is noted in patients with hemorrhagic diathesis. The difference between this form of chickenpox is that the bubbles have an opaque but bloody filling. The disease is accompanied by the appearance of hemorrhages on the mucous membranes and skin, hematuria, and nasal hemorrhages.
- The gangrenous type of chicken pox is found in attenuated people. In this form, chickenpox manifests itself as the appearance of large, rapidly growing vesicles, after which the thick black crust with an ignited rim around them appears.
Possible complications of
Complications occur mainly in severe forms of chickenpox. With the addition of bacterial infection, pyoderma may develop. With the spread of infection inside the body, lymphadenitis, myocarditis, and encephalitis may develop. The most serious complication of chicken pox is sepsis.
Harmful if a woman is suffering from a chicken fever during the last week of pregnancy. In this case, there is a risk of transmission of a newborn disease.
There are several methods for diagnosing chicken pox:
- The virological method is to isolate the pathogens of the smallpox from the contents of the vesicles. This method is used only in doubtful cases, because it requires time.
- RIF is an express diagnostic method that can detect the presence of antibodies to the smallpox of the smallpox in the blood.
- IFA is a serological method aimed at detecting specific antibodies that appear during the incubation period.
- PCR is a genetic method aimed at detecting the presence of DNA causing chickenpox.
- General clinical blood tests. Patients with chickenpox have a normal ESR, elevated lymphocyte count, and a decrease in the number of leukocytes.
In practice, doctors rarely use the described methods for diagnosis of chicken pox. As a rule, it is quite simple to examine the patient and study complaints. The tests are prescribed if there are complications.
Typical course of chickenpox, as a rule, is prescribed symptomatic treatment.
- At a period of feverish state, chickenpox is prescribed by the bedding regime.
- At high temperature, patients with chickenpox are prescribed antipyretics, and detoxification therapy is performed.
- If patients are prone to itching of the skin, antihistamines are selected.
- Local treatment for wind wax is to treat rashes with disinfectant solutions. If rashes become hot, antibacterial therapy is selected.
- Physiotherapeutic procedures - UFOs can be prescribed for accelerating the loss of crust during wind wax.
In case of severe flow of chicken pox, antiviral drugs are prescribed:
In addition, in the treatment of chicken pox, immunomodulators( for example, vitrifon in candles), immunostimulants( for example, cycloferon) are prescribed. In severe cases, the use of immunoglobulins for intravenous administration has been shown.
Treatment of chicken pox is usually carried out at home, but if the disease is difficult or if the patient is a child under the age of one, hospitalization is recommended.
Treatment with folk remedies
For those who prefer non-traditional treatments, it is advisable, along with the use of medicines, to apply folk remedies:
- To remove intoxication useful to drink a lot of herbal tea from camomile, rosehip and mint.
- It is useful for the night to make microclimate with a warm broth of chamomile.
- It is recommended to use a weak solution of manganese for the treatment of rashes during wind wicks.
Forecast and prevention of
In most cases, the flow of chickenpox is favorable, that is, the disease ends with complete recovery without the development of complications.
Specific prophylaxis of chicken pox disease is a vaccine that allows you to form immunity for many years. Vaccination is possible only in the absence of contraindications.