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Hyperactive child what do parents advice psychologist

With the concept of hyperactivity, we are facing more and more. However, who are these hyperactive children, how to understand that the child has signs of this condition and how to react in general to what is happening, not all parents know. The reasons for such a baby's condition can be many, and

most often, it develops due to lack of attention from parents. Although, it is impossible to exclude and innate causes of the emergence of hyperactivity.

Contents

1. What is an overactive child
2. Why children are hyperactive
3. Signs of hyperactive child
4. How to treat hyperactivity in children
5. Features of upbringing hyperactive child: parent's advice
6. Conclusion

1. What is hyperactiveChild

When it comes to childhood hyperactivity, it should be understood that this term refers to the disruption of the baby's nervous system, and therefore it is a disease and should be treated.

Occasionally, hyperactivity occurs immediately at the birth of a child. This condition is not considered infectious, it is rather a genetic nature and occurs due to some negative factors( such as generic injury, etc.).

Often, hyperactivity in children is a sign that babies lack attention. Trying to attract the attention of adults, they sometimes produce the most unusual things, they can be too impulsive, restless, and rarely think about the results of their behavior. It's hard for them to concentrate attention, they are less likely to remember different information, learn to read later and have some difficulty in learning.

2. Why Children Are Hyperactive

Hyperactive child what do parents advice psychologist

If your child is a bunch of energy and make him sit in the place you do not seem to be, then most likely he has a syndrome of lack of attention and hyperactivity.

On the one hand, this is not so bad, psychologists say that much worse, when the child is absolutely not active and his normal state - calm. For example, virtually all preschoolers in kindergarten and on the playground behave lively and boo. However, if the hyperactivity of your baby causes some problems at school, prevents him from learning, build relationships with peers, then there is a need to visit a pediatrician and a neuropathologist.

Hyperactivity disorder in children is one of the most common diseases of the brain and can last for adolescence and adulthood.

An unhealthy mother's life during pregnancy( tobacco, alcohol, drugs), her unstable emotional state, and excessive experiences during this period can be caused by the fact that the child experiences hyperactivity.

Also, high blood sugar levels in the mother have a negative effect on the development of hyperactivity in the child.

The children at risk come from a group of whom there have been cases of hyperactivity or other mental health problems. The ecological factor also has its influence on the formation of the baby's nervous system: toxic substances are harmful to the child during the period of fetal development, and after birth. In addition, preterm labor also negatively affects the child's condition when his nervous system is far from perfect and continues to undergo changes.

Let's summarize. The causes of the development of hyperactivity syndrome in children include:

  • harmful habits of a pregnant woman;
  • excessive sweating and elevated blood glucose levels;
  • toxins and toxic substances( environmental factor);
  • genetic predisposition;
  • premature birth, immature fetus.

Brain studies have shown that in children with hyperactivity syndrome, the brain matures to the normal model, but with an average delay of about 3 years. Delay in development is most clearly manifested in the areas of the brain involved in the processes of thinking, attention and planning.

Later studies have shown that the outer layer of the brain has a slower maturation as a whole. And its structure, corresponding to the correct data exchange between the two halves of the brain, shows an abnormal growth pattern. These delays and abnormalities can be at the basis of the development of hyperactivity disorder in children.

3. Signs of an overactive child

Negligence, restlessness, excessive mobility and impulsivity are the main symptoms of a child's mental impairment. Many parents will say that this is a completely normal behavior for all children of preschool age and will be right. In norm, indeed, all these signs are inherent and quite healthy children.

To produce an appropriate diagnosis, the child should have symptoms for a period of six months or more, and they should be expressed more clearly than for children without mental disorders of the same age.

The following symptoms can be attributed to hyperactivity:

  • Child Negligence .As a rule, hyperactive children find it difficult to focus on something. They are easily distracting, forgetting the details, often switching from one activity to another. They are bored to do one thing for a certain period of time, they hardly perceive any hearing information, can not act on certain instructions. Because of inattention, they often lose things.
  • The baby is very mobile, rugged .It is difficult for him to sit in one place, he is constantly in motion. Execution of calm tasks, which require comedy and thoroughness, is given to them very difficultly, just as the participation in quiet games.
  • Child Impulsivity .Such children are very impatient, unrestrained, often show their emotions, guided not by reason, but by instantaneous gust, at an older age they can afford inappropriate remarks without realizing the results of their activities. Children constantly interrupt strangers' conversations, inaccurately engage in dialogues and activities of other people and peers.
  • For more information on what the diagnosis of ADHD / ADHD in children is and how to treat parents, see our article: ADHD-Symptoms in Children: What Does a Diagnosis Mean?

    Hyperactivity tends to manifest up to seven years of age. In infants signs of disturbance have a weakly expressed character and can only be noticed by an experienced specialist.

    Hyperactive child what do parents advice psychologist

    for children until the year the symptoms are not so bright, but if you look closely at the baby, you can notice it.

    Children up to a year show hyperactivity syndrome in high anxiety, bad sleep and sleep disturbances, often biorhythms fall. Such babies often experience increased muscle tone, frequent vomiting due to the haste during feeding.

    Hyperactive children do not like when they are shuffled and in every way "reveal" their discontent. They are capricious and stubborn, they tend to master the ability to sit, crawl, walk and more. They have a sense of fear, learning to walk, they are worn, not afraid of falls and blows. This is most clearly manifested in the younger preschool age.

    To find out about the causes of childhood whims and how to deal with them, here is: A crazy child: what to do?

    Find out how to help your child cope with a neurotic disorder in our article: What to do if the child is nervous and disobedient: the causes of childhood neurosis

    4. How to treat hyperactivity in children

    Currently, the treatment of hyperactivity is carried out through a series of procedures andmedicines aimed at reducing the symptoms of the syndrome. Treatment includes medicines, various types of psychotherapy, diet and combination of methods.

    For the treatment of hyperactivity in children, medicines or traditional methods use stimulants that support brain activity, training memory and attention.

    The purpose of stimulating drugs is to reduce the symptoms of hyperactivity, reduce the impulsivity of the child, improve the ability to focus on a specific task. Drugs can also improve physical coordination. Medicines should only be taken under the close supervision of a physician.

    It should be noted that such drugs do not treat the hyperactivity itself, but only control its symptoms. However, against the background of their reception there is a positive dynamics in the behavior and life of the child.

    It is also important how the child eats. Dietary research shows that hyperactive children consume large quantities of sweets and sugar. Excess glucose, lack of a balanced diet often results in abnormal metabolic processes in children. Experts recommend analyzing the foods that your children eat to find out why some of them provoke the development of hyperactivity, making the baby capricious and annoying.
    Hyperactive child what do parents advice psychologist
    Parents should understand that it is vitally important for a growing organism to get all the necessary vitamins and minerals.

    To begin with, increase the amount of Omega-3 fatty acids in the baby's diet. Omega-3 has a sedative effect for many children with hyperactivity syndrome. A lack of nutritionally useful substances negatively affects the development of brain structures, the state of memory, levels of memory, attention, and others.

    It is necessary to include in the diet of the child fresh vegetables, low-fat or low-fat dairy products( yogurt, kefir, cheese), cheeses made from skim milk. You can reduce your intake of sugar by offering the baby fresh, frozen or dried fruits or berries.

    Cookies are better to replace crackers with whole wheat flour, increase the consumption of cereal cereals.

    From traditional sweets you can leave dark chocolate, it contains less sugar than milk. This will lower the level of adrenaline and norepinephrine in the blood, which make children nervous and excited. Ice cream is better to choose vanilla, because this ingredient is known for its calming properties.

    5. Features of upbringing a hyperactive child: tips for parents

    As it sounds banal, but hyperactive children need increased attention to themselves, understanding from parents, educators in preschool institutions and teachers at the school. It also depends on the emotional and psychological state of the child, and her successes in learning and mastering new material.

    The main requirement for parents of hyperactive children is the manifestation of love and caring for the baby. Children must hear that they are loved and valued.

    There are some recommendations or pedagogical rules recommended by psychologists and specialists in the education of hyperactive infants to relieve the condition of both themselves and their relatives. They are not so much, so any parent is able to remember them and apply them in practice. Consider them.

  • With a child, it's important to establish contact, asking for it with some kind of request, you need to look into his eyes, instead of turning "to the wall".If the baby's words are not enough, the father should touch, bring the child back to himself. You need to remove everything that can put a contact( toys, music, TV, etc.).
  • Law of Constancy of Rules. There are rules of conduct and they are always constant. These rules must be clear to the child, concrete and feasible.
  • Order and Security. For overactive children the rules are extremely important. Parents should do everything to protect the baby as much as possible.
  • Mode in all. The more often with a hyperactive child to repeat the usual rules of action, the better it will affect his condition. Even if it is a weekend, one must strive to adhere to the regime of the day, it will help him to better adapt in society.
  • Parents often roam their children so often that sometimes some children's successes are no longer noticed. Meanwhile, for hyperactive children( and for ordinary ones too) it is very important for parents to praise them for some, albeit minor, successes. Particularly important olympic principle for hyperactive children is not victory, but participation.
  • It is the parents' task to find in the child those features in which he manifests itself in the best way and develop these abilities( dancing, gymnastics, drawing, modeling, singing, and so on).
  • Excess energy should be able to guide the right channel.
  • 6. Conclusion

    Summing up, it should be noted that a very important aspect in the upbringing of hyperactive children is the position of parents. The extent to which they are open to communicating with the child, how careful they are of their problems and interests, depends on how the child cope with the violation of his psyche, how easy it will be for him to study at school and adapt in society.