Nursing a child from 1 year to 2 years: Psychology
- 26 Sep 21:45
A child's upbringing is a labor-intensive and long-lasting process, and sometimes its fruits become visible only after some period of time. Some parents believe that while the child had a chance to think about education early. But, strangely enough, education should be practiced almost from the very birth of.
How to raise a child from 1 year to 2 years, what moments to draw attention to and what psychological techniques to use for this, read in the materials of this article.
1. Features of the age of development of children 1-2 years of age
2. Understanding as the basis for the upbringing of children from 1 year
3. Features of upbringing a child in 1-2 years
4. What should be able to have a child at this age
5. StorytellingGames as a Basis for the Education of Young Children
6. Psychology and Little Tricks in the Rearing of Children 1-2 Years Old
7. Instead of Conclusion
Features of the Age-Age Developmental Age of Children 1-2 Years of
At this age, the child begins to be independent to some extent. He already speaks the first simple words, freely walkes and even runs, begins to actively study the surrounding objects.
The main activity of this age is subject-cannon, that is, he learns manipulations with objects. He copies the scheme of actions to parents, in other words, mimicking his mother or father, the child perceives the skill of dealing with the subject.
It is very good when an adult performs any action, asks the child to repeat something behind him. It is very important to do some manipulations together, for example, to play together, lace up shoes, and draw pictures.
During this period, the child realizes that every thing is endowed with the meaning that it performs some important function. And, based on this, the kid understands how exactly he needs to act.
A child tries to compare his actions with the action of mom or dad. He has his own "I", the child begins to gradually form as a person, and he begins to develop such personal qualities as self-esteem, self-awareness and respect for himself. His language begins to evolve markedly and the reserve of words gradually increases.
Understanding as the Basis for Childing a Child from 1 Year
The most gross misconception of the child's parents at this age is that they relate to their toddler as an adult who must understand everything correctly.
Very often a child causes irritation and even aggression from parents when he does not understand any arguments that seem to be perfect for an adult.
In other words, parents require the child that he just can not give due to his age. During this period, he still does not have his own stereotypes, he can only simulate logical thinking.
Do not be confused with the concept of "adult communication" and "adult understanding."For example, psychologists and speech therapists insist that parents, and especially grandmothers and grandfathers, do not "shyuzuki" with the child, and spoke the words correctly. This is necessary in order for an infant to hear a clear correct language from an early age, which will positively affect the development of his speech, correct pronunciation of different letters.
But at the same time, one can not require a one-year or two-year-old child to have a clear performance of something. He must have the right to mistake, and to disobedience, and even to mischief. Being engaged in the education of children of all ages, parents must show titanic patience, and even if it is about babies, then podgotov.
A child lives only with the present moment, the situation that is happening to him now, so all his emotions are connected only with what is happening exactly at this moment. He is incapable of thinking about the future, and projecting the consequences of this or that action.
Parents need to understand that their consciousness is directed only at the moment of the occurrence. The child does not have his own experience and developed thinking, so he is absorbed by this moment, in which there are specific people and objects. That is why the baby can be so easily upset and cry out of something and just as quickly distract and switch their attention.
Features of upbringing a child in 1-2 years
At this age, the development of the baby occurs through his involvement in the subject-playing field. In order for social and emotional development to take place faster, it is necessary to develop a child's logical thinking, as well as cognitive activity.
If a child is in motion for a long time, he is very tired, that is, the game must be physically loaded. If the child during the game communicates with adults, there is a speech development.
He understands adults perfectly if they communicate with him in his language. He understands only figurative and visual appeal. If parents want to give their child any information, they will effectively model the situation on the basis of a fairy tale, so it will be much easier for the child to understand what he wants to say. You can also include in your explanations a fairy tale, explaining something on the example of his favorite and familiar heroes.
Often, parents complain that a child may not listen, it's bad, late to fall asleep. In this case, you can draw an analogy with your favorite character. For example, to say that Luntik is always eating well, so he is so strong and daring. The child will definitely want to follow the favorite character and start eating well to be the same as he is.
A child very poorly perceives a categorical ban at this age. He does not realize why it is not possible to do this or that, therefore, each prohibition must be formulated in an accessible key, understandable for the child, and in accordance with the given situation.
For example, the kid will understand that it is necessary to wash hands after a walk when it comes after it, and not when mom tells him about the benefits of clean hands long before returning home.
What should a child have in this age
When a child reaches the age of 1 year and 3 months, he is already able to walk without any help, squatting and inclining. He begins to perform simple gaming actions, for example, picks up a pyramid, feeds a doll, builds a house.
A couple of items can be named, which will be shown to them in pictures or in toys. He already says some simple words, and also learns to handle tableware.
In a year and a half, the baby can collect a pyramid, draw a tower from the cubes. If he is asked to bring some kind of toy, he will easily do it, because he already knows all his toys.
At this time, the baby finds some changes in the nature. Around the great world begins to interest him. He explores the apartment, checks all the drawers and cabinets. He already understands well what is "possible" and what "is impossible", but the prohibition is poorly perceived.
He has not yet developed his model of behavior, and sometimes, hearing the word "impossible", he simply does not understand how to do in this situation.
In order to provide the child with security in the apartment or on the street, there was no need to prohibit any actions, you should make sure that he did not nibbling sand from the sandbox without turning over the contents of the pan or throwing a mobile phone into the bathtub.
The age of 1-2 years is considered to be the most difficult in the upbringing, because it's still not possible to take a child for a long time, therefore, mothers often complain of a lack of time to do homework.
Up to two years a child can already climb independently on the stairs, is able to answer questions. Her vocabulary has about twenty words. He is already trying to dress and undress himself.
In two years he already speaks with short sentences, distinguishes what is "near" and what is "behind".If he speaks of himself, he can call himself by name. He can already without the help of others, to wash and wipe his hands, but only brushing his teeth with the help of an adult.
He already loves to play simple games, so it is during this period that he needs to be allowed to play in developing games that give the development of intelligence, creative abilities and thinking very well.
Plot games as the basis for bringing up children of the younger age
It is very important during this period of a child's life with him to play the plot games. For example, to play in everyday situations, involving in this game your favorite dolls and toys. Plots should not be too complicated, the kid must understand them well.
Subsequently, the storyline of the game can be completed and complicated. Of course, it's difficult for an adult to understand the benefits of such a game for the development of the child. But this activity only for an adult will be tedious and does not carry semantic load. The child, by doing this game activity, is gaining its own experience.
Every child lives on their own and remembers very important information. Starting such a game can play situations that happen to the child at the moment. This can be a walk, bathing, the process of eating. So he will understand how those or other actions are related to his life. At this moment, the child develops fantasy, imagination and intelligence in general.
The storyline helps the child create his own vision of the reality that surrounds him. It must be remembered that during this period the child's cognitive interest is noticeably increasing.
Getting used to such games, the kid will continue to be happy to play verbal games with parents and educators of kindergarten, which not only are a good time, but also develop the memory, thinking and logic of the baby. Today, such games prepare the child for the development of speech, so neglected or not recommended.
Psychology and little tricks in the upbringing of children 1-2 years old
At the age of 1-2 years, the baby becomes more and more interesting. He examines any subject, takes everything in hand, pulls it in his mouth, wants to understand what he is on the touch, what he represents and how it can be used.
A very gross mistake is that parents try to take everything from the baby's hand. If an item is really dangerous, you must take care in advance that it does not fall into the field of view of a small surveyor.
It is very important to be present at such researches of the surrounding reality. First, the baby will be visible, and secondly, he will be able to answer all the questions. He examines and touches all the objects and things because they surround him, and he just wants to understand their purpose and understand them.
If the baby is used in the kitchen, opens the boxes, closets and gets the jars of cereals, you can fill it with the contents of vacancies of cans in a saucer and let the baby examine or translate from one vessel to another.
At these moments the child develops his life experience and skills. After all, whence he will take a child, if he forbids everything in a row? Forbidden intonation should sound only when it is really necessary, and not all the time.
Now the baby is not as sleeping as before, all his time goes to games and knowledge of the world around him. The child plays not only with dolls, cars and cubs, it is interesting to play absolutely with all household items that come to his eyes.
To the grown-ups, it's very surprising that a child takes the dishes, magazine, package or button to the game. These toys should in no way be taken away from the child. It is better to take such a game under the control, so that the child is not injured or swallowed anything. Now he has the necessary skills.
Instead of concluding
As a child, the child should be treated with great patience and love. Explain the elementary things to the kid on examples, fairy tales, beat each situation. Do not demand much from him.
If he begins to understand that in a transport can not scream loudly, on a stroll in a sandbox you can sprinkle sand with other kids, which is not good to flee from my mother on the street - this is already a great success. At this age, the child does not understand abstract things, everything must be supported by an example, a story. Only in this case, education will be effective.