Professional orientation test for schoolchildren
- 25 Sep 17:00
The closer the end of the school year, the more senior high school students are asked where to go. According to statistics, more than 80% of graduates do not work in the specialty."What is the reason?" - Teachers and parents ask. And the reason is lack of professional orientation. About howhelps schoolchildren make the right choice, read the materials in this article.
needs guidance 2. How to help a child with the choice of a future profession
3. How to determine your child's ability
4. How to choose a profession: tests for
schoolchildren 5. Instead of finding
Why do you need professional guidance for
At the age of 14-For 15 years, most teens first think seriously about the future profession. Of all schoolchildren, only about 15% of boys have a clear idea of what they want to do, as many do not have the slightest idea of their future profession, and the remaining 70% understand that choices must be made, but they do not know exactly what.
Professional orientation as a business activity lives in a separate world. They are remembered about it not only when it is necessary to agitate young people in one or another sphere of activity when there is a certain shortage of working personnel. It should be honest. A child can not be impose any profession by deceiving his expectations of his choice.
In the Soviet school professional orientation was set on a large scale: schoolchildren were driven by excursions, from the production came the workers of the school, but then the country needed a workforce. It required a lot of workers in different directions, so on selectors often directors were scolded for the fact that the students go to grade 9, and not in vocational school.
The system of vocational guidance is now being implemented in schools, and about 70% of all schools in the city of Moscow are working in a given direction. And the point is not only to prepare the necessary cadres, and to realize the desire of adolescents in reality, but to prevent the growth of unemployment.
More than 80% of graduates of universities refuse to work in their specialties, and this is the whole 5 years of wrongly invested time and a certain amount of money.
The system of vocational guidance at school is conducted among pupils of grades 7-11 and of great practical importance. It allows:
- to determine the professional abilities of schoolchildren;
- help students identify their own sphere of interest;
- to determine in advance with your future profession;
- to define a teaching profile in high school graduation;
- choose the school where students are trained in the chosen profession.
When choosing which university to enter, the student must go with the future profession, and not for the reason that "my friends come to the Moscow State Institute of International Literature, which means that I will join the MIIM for the company".
How to help a child with the choice of a future profession
Parents often think about how to help a child with a choice of future profession. It is very important to give the child the opportunity to try himself in one or another field of activity. But no conscious leader will allow a student( even senior) for production. In order to test your strength in various fields of activity, it is recommended to visit various specialized circles and sections.
Mugs allow you to choose the best way out of a child in a fairly free manner, to determine the range of his priorities. All this is necessary in order to help the child to choose his future profession, which will not only generate income, but also pleasure, which morning your child will meet with pleasure.
Now the labor market is represented by a huge multitude of professions, and a person must be knowledgeable in this diversity. Ask your high school student how many professions he knows. It is desirable that he not only could name the profession( the more he knows it, the better), but he could say in two or three sentences what a person in a particular profession is doing. If your high school student names 7-10 professions, then he does not have the knowledge and it is difficult for him to understand what he chooses.
Learn about the diversity of the world of professions from vocational guidance and techniques, visiting open-door educational institutions, excursion visits to enterprises and professionals who are already on the ground for professional activities.
If a child has such an opportunity and he is included in these activities, then most likely before the 10th grade, he will have an idea of the range of professions, which days are interesting.
One can not but mention the role of parents in choosing a profession for their child. Often you can hear the phrase of mom or dad that "I have decided / decided that my child will go to such a university and will be( for example) a chemist".
In this case, everything depends on the level of autonomy of the student and on how he is ready to submit to someone else's choice. It is likely that the future of their child, such parents build on the likeness of the situation "I did not work, then, should come to you."
Perhaps this scenario should take place if the type of future occupation of the child and parents coincides. If psychological differences in the choice of the future profession prevail, then the child will either not be able to study at such an institution, or, having received the appropriate education, he will not be able to realize himself, to become successful and to be happy.
The right choice of the future profession, enables:
- to identify motivation for further development in the professional field and further career development;
- successfully develop itself in the chosen direction;
- will successfully address issues related to changing the profile of activities or obtaining additional education.
How to determine the ability of your child
Identify the inclinations, abilities and personality of the child, you can by specially designed tests. However, it is believed that tests for professional orientation - this is some kind of average template, according to which professionals-professional consultants are trying to evaluate absolutely different people, including adolescents.
Indeed, the problem of lack of accuracy of the tests for professional orientation exists. However, at present, there are good quality techniques that can only be interpreted by a professional psychologist.
These techniques are constantly updated, and, consequently, their bases are updated, with the introduction of new occupations and characteristics. To pass such a technique?it's better not to be self-guided through the Internet, especially when testing a specialist. After processing the results of testing, the psychologist appoints a second entrant student, whom he desires to come with his parents.
Such tests do not evaluate a particular student, but help to identify certain sets or combinations of personality traits in him, and in what professions such combinations will produce good results.
An example of life. A person of creative composition receives economic education( most likely, that training was given to him hardly) and arranges for work as a logistician. Meanwhile, the work is also given to him difficult, it is difficult for him difficult to maintain documentation, mathematical calculations.
The main problem of the work of this person is that he, having worked in one place, feels that he is not successful, or is released and is looking for another job. This is an indication that a person is not in his place.
How to choose a profession: tests for students
Tests for career guidance for schoolchildren will help determine the future profession, talents and abilities, character and a successful direction in life and business. The right choice of profession is one of the components of human happiness.
If the senior student is able to choose the right profession, then in the future he will become a real professional, will be able to hold high positions, receive high wages and pleasure from work.
In order to help all entrants, as well as middle and upper secondary school students, a number of professional-orientation tests are offered. Here we will talk about such tests, analyze them, highlight their advantages and disadvantages. Students will be able to use such tests at home and determine the range of their interests, professional inclinations, the type of future profession, socio-psychological settings of the individual, career guidance.
John Holland's Professional Test Guide
This test is widely used throughout the world to determine professional orientation for students and university entrants. The test contains 240 questions that are scheduled for a specific time.
Answering the test questions, you should give answers without thinking, but carefully studying the question. The more honest and frank answers will be, the more accurate the results will be.
Based on the test results you can determine:
- type of personality tested;
- list of recommended occupations for the tested.
According to Holland's theory, all people belong to one of their six types of personality, and each type corresponds to certain professions. Knowing your type, you should choose your preferred profession from the list of permissible ones. In this case, a person will be satisfied with his profession and will achieve certain results in life.
Methodology O. F. Potemkin
This method allows to determine the socio-psychological settings of personality. It is necessary for students of middle and upper grades, who aspire to define their social psychotype, to show their propensities. The
methodology also allows you to determine whether a person has leadership qualities or can work in a team under the leadership of a stronger leader, whether he has some creative potential or is more inclined to solve technical issues.
Potemkin's methodology for professional orientation is a kind of questionnaire, which reveals:
- motivation to one or another kind of activity;
- degree of this motivation;
- Propensities and Abilities of the Optiator
Methodology EA A. Klimova
Definition of the Kind of Future Profession by Klimov's Methodology is one of the types of tests for career guidance of schoolchildren, starting from the 7th grade. According to this method, all professions are divided into 5 main types: nature, technique, sign system, art and man.
After testing in 30 questions, you can identify the interests of a specific person and determine the scope of the future profession.
Modified technique A.E. Holoshtok "Profile"
The modified "Profile" technique allows determining the range of personal interests that can be used in the professional field of activity. The test consists of 96 questions, but it takes 15 to 20 minutes to complete.
You should not think too much about answers, answer what first comes to mind. So the results will be more accurate. According to the results of the questionnaire, it will be seen which area of activity the child is most interested in: physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology, literature, and so on.
Professional Tendency Survey This test allows you to determine the professional inclinations of the tested. By results it will be possible to find out what kind of activity a child is more capable, whether it is research, work with people, art or exact sciences. The
Test consists of questions, each of which has ready-made answers. It is necessary to choose the one with which the subject agrees to a greater extent.
For objective results for tests on professional orientation, it is recommended to pass all tests one by one, and then compare the results obtained.
Instead of concluding
Summing up, one should say that one can not ask the question of choosing a future profession for yourself, going to study "for a company", "for evil" or because "parents wanted it".Obtained profession is all future life.
It would be a shame if graduating from higher education and coming to work for a production( or budget organization), the graduate is aware that he spent the last 5 years in vain and that he has no desire to engage in this type of activity. Look for yourself to further enjoy the fruits of your activity.