Erisipeloid - symptoms, forms, methods of diagnosis, treatment, photos
- 25 Sep 04:45
- Disease Of The Skin
Eryzipeloid or Breaker's erythema is still called pork or rubella naturalists. Such unusual names of the disease are explained by its zoo-anthropocentric nature, in other words, it is an infection that is transmitted from animals to humans.
Due to the specificity of the methods of infecting a herzipeloid, people who are more likely to suffer from their occupational activity are caring for farm animals or treating meat.
- 1 Causes of the disease
- 2 Clinical picture
- 2.1 Skin form
- 2.2 Skin and articular form
- 2.3 Form of angiogenic
- 2.4 generalized Form
- 3 Methods of diagnosis
- 4 Treatment of
- 4.1 Treatment of folk methods
- 5 Prevention and prognosis
- 6 Photo
Causes of the disease
Eryzipeloid is an infectious disease, the causative agent is the bacterium Erysipelothix rhusiopathiae. There are two types of bacteria - mice( they are infected wild animals) and pork( this type of disease is common among cattle).
Infection with erysipeloid is contacted. The pathogen is excreted in animals and can enter the human body when in contact with soil, hay, water, which have been infected, as well as in contact with the skin or meat of a diseased animal. It is not possible to infect an erysipeloid from a sick person.
The intrusion of the Breaker's erythema pathogen into the blood is ensured by the presence of damage to the skin on the skin - scratches, cuts, calculations, etc., leading to the infection of the erysipeloid, are itchy dermatosis, puffiness and scrubbing.
In most cases Breaker's erythema infection occurs due to damage to the skin of the brush, which is why the inflammation process usually develops here, as a rule. The spread of the erysipeloid pathogen under the current of the circulatory and lymphatic systems leads to the development of a generalized type of disease, but this form is relatively rare.
Clinical picture of
The first symptoms of a herpes simplex appear in 1-3 days after infection, with the Breaking Erythema incubation period more than a week. Depending on clinical manifestations, it is customary to distinguish four forms of the disease in dermatology.
This form of a herpes simplex is found more often than others. The disease proceeds on the background of vague symptoms characteristic of general intoxication. In patients with Breit's erythema there is an increased fever, a slight malaise.
A disease begins with the appearance of a feeling of mild burning in the site of the pathogen. Soon the skin in this place becomes red, swelling is formed. Erythema( reddening of the skin) gradually grows along the periphery, the color of the skin becomes reddish. At the same time, with Breaker's erythema, inflammation of the lymphatic vessels( lymphangitis) and lymph nodes( lymphadenitis) is observed.
The resolution of erythema with erysipeloid begins with the center of the area of defeat. The skin first acquires a cyanotic tint, then becomes practically normal with a blue tint. On the periphery of the affected area, the skin still remains scarlet and swollen for some time, therefore, outside the defeat with erythema Breaker resembles a ring.
After some time, erythema is allowed and on the periphery of the area of defeat, in its place remains area of light peeling. As a rule, the entire process with erysipeloid takes no more than ten days.
In this form of herzipeloid, in addition to the symptoms of skin disease, there is a lesion of the joints on the fingers. The joints swell, their mobility is limited. In this form, the erysipeloid lasts about two weeks. In some patients, the transition of the disease into a chronic form is possible, which is accompanied by the development of arthritis of the interphalangeal joints of the fingers.
Eryzipeloid develops anginatically if the infection occurs when food is infected with the pathogen infected. In this case, the type of Breaker's erythema against the background of typical skin conditions is the symptoms of quinsy.
Generic eryzipeloid develops rarely. With this form of erythema appear throughout the body. In patients, there are marked signs of general intoxication, palpable enlargement of the liver and spleen. On the background of generalized erysipeloid, arthritis, meningitis, pneumonia, and endocarditis may develop. The most severe complication of a herpes simplex is sepsis.
Methods of diagnosis of
mDiagnosis of a herpes simplex virus is carried out on the basis of data from laboratory tests, study of the clinical picture and the collection of anamnesis with an identification of the source of infection.
Detection of the Breaker's erythema pathogen is possible when studying the material taken from vesicles, and in the generalized form - from the patient's blood.
For the diagnosis of erythema Breaker used serological methods of investigation. However, in the typical course of the disease, laboratory methods of research need not be used, the diagnosis is based on the study of clinical and epidemiological picture.
If there is a suspicion of the development of secondary foci of a herpes simplex, internal organs were struck, then the patient should be referred to a cardiologist, nephrologist, neurologist, pulmonologist for consultation.
When diagnosis is made, it is important to distinguish between eryzipeloid and other diseases such as:
- Bessihoy inflammation;
- Atopic dermatitis;
- Exudative erythema;
Treatment of a herpes simplex is carried out after determining the susceptibility of the pathogen to antibacterial drugs. Typically, with erythema Breaker used antibiotics tetracycline, penicillin, cephalosporin number. The course takes about ten days.
Simultaneously with the appointment of antibiotics with erythema Breaker, detoxification measures are carried out, anti-inflammatory agents are selected. With defeat of internal organs, symptomatic treatment is selected.
When using erysipeloid, physiotherapy is recommended. A good effect is given by UFO, UHF, electrophoresis, magnetotherapy.
Treatment of folk methods
For treating erysipeloid in folk medicine, there are recipes for external and internal use.
- For compresses with erysipeloid, use the dry grass of the mother-and-stepmother. It is necessary to cook a decoction, which should be taken quarter by glass three times a day. And what remains after straining raw grass is to cook a warm compress on erythema.
- Similarly, for treating erysipeloid, it is possible to use large plantain leaves.
Prophylaxis and Prognosis
There are two areas for preventing the spread of eryzenipeloid. The first is veterinary-specific. It consists in vaccination of farm animals, detection and isolation of diseased individuals, product control, which enters markets and meat processing plants.
Personal prevention measures consist of following hygiene requirements: use protective gloves, hand wounds immediately treated with antiseptics, glued with a plaster.
After recovery, persistent immunity is not formed, therefore, re-infection of the erysipeloid is possible.
Prognosis with erythema Breaker is favorable, with the development of complications requires intensive treatment.