Moniletriks - causes, diagnostics, treatment, photos
- 24 Sep 22:30
- Disease Of The Skin
Moniletriks is a disease associated with atrophy and loss of hair, inherited. This condition is characterized by a violation of the functions of the scalp and atrophy of the hair, as a result of which they acquire a characteristic spindle-shaped shape.
With themonitor, hair can grow, which grows not only on the head but also on the face and body. Monilletrix can appear in the representatives of both sexes, however, somewhat more often the disease is diagnosed in women.
Monilletrix has a chronic course, often spontaneous improvement is noted during the adolescence, during pregnancy and at age, after the onset of climax.
- 1 Causes of
- 2 Main Symptoms
- Diagnostic Methods 4 Treatment of
- 4.1 Treatment with Folk Medications
- 5 Prevention and Prognosis
Disease The exact causes of the appearance of the monitoretrix are not clear to the end. In most cases, this disease is inherited by the autosomal dominant type, that is, monitoretrix is transmitted from sick parents to children.
However, it is believed that the monitoretrix can also be transmitted by an autosomal recessive type. In this case, a child ill with a monitoretrix can be born in healthy parents who are carriers of a defective gene.
The basis of hair loss is the periodic inhibition of its growth. The reason for the occurrence of inhibition to date has not been clarified.
According to studies, the inhibition of hair growth occurs every two days, as a result of the hair becomes a peculiar form, becomes extremely fragile.
The main symptoms of the
Symptoms of the monitoretrix begin to manifest in the first year of the child's life. Skin on the head( in the place of hair growth) gradually begins to be covered with small nodules with a dense structure. This is due to the fact that in the follicles( hair follicles) develops horny seal( hyperkeratosis).As a result, a limited inflammatory process begins, a follicle structure is disturbed, which naturally affects the growth of the hair.
As the disease develops, a scar occurs at the site of inflammation. When monitored, there is dryness of the skin on the head, its peeling. Hair changes structure throughout their length, they become brittle and very dry.
Due to the periodic hair loss, it gets a characteristic appearance when the stoning areas alternate with the places of "bloating".As a result, the hair becomes like a thread with beads strung on it.
In people with a light flush of hair, thickened areas look even lighter, and thinning, on the contrary, are darker. The reason for this phenomenon is simple: in areas thickening the composition of the hair remains normal, and in places of stoning hair tissue is atrophied.
In the areas of hair thinning soon break up. Moreover, the hair is broken off, as a rule, at a distance not more than 2 cm from the scalp. On the head of the patient with a monitoretrix, healing lesions are formed. In most cases, the pathological process of changing the hair begins with the neck.
At the monitor, atrophic changes in hair can be combined with other symptoms and manifestations. Among them are non-fungal dystrophic lesions of the nails( onychogryphosis, melanoconium longitudinal, leukoniasis).This is manifested by the deformation of the nail plate, the change in nail plate and nail bed.
Sometimes the monitoretrix is combined in the backlog of physical and mental development. Possibly development of bilateral juvenile cataract( Saburo syndrome), follicular keratosis of the extremities( Race-Tour syndrome), metabolic disorders.
Diagnosis of the monitoretrix is based on an external patient review and anamnesis collection. Characteristic features of the disease are:
- Follicular keratosis;
- The appearance of constrictions on the hair shaft.
When diagnosis is performed, it is necessary to differentiate monellet from such pathologies as:
- Pseudomonylethrace. In this disease there is no follicular keratosis, in addition, on the hair shaft thickening and torsion irregular.
- Alopecia spasm( X-ray alopecia, Brock pseudopedades, etc.).In the monitor, unlike scalp alopecia, aplasia hair is stored in the lesions.
- Fungal diseases of the hair( decolourising folliculitis, trichomycosis, seborrheic dermatitis).To exclude fungal infections, a special analysis is carried out to detect an infectious agent.
Moniletriks, as well as other hereditary diseases, can not be treated, that is, to achieve complete recovery in this disease is impossible. However, in the monitor, symptomatic treatment is prescribed, which helps minimize the manifestations of the disease.
A dermatologist is treated with a monitoretrix and does not need hospitalization. Therapy is the use of local and systemic drugs, the use of physiotherapy.
Patients with a monitoret are prescribed for intravenous preparations containing phytones, vitamins A, B5, F, and E. Useful in the disease of iron preparations and food gelatin.
The local treatment of the monitoretrix is to soften the keratinous particles of the skin with the help of special ointments. Sometimes before the procedures are performed, the hair removal is done.
Symptoms of Alopecia can be helpful to patients with a monitored denture. In this case, the disease is useful procedures that have an irritating effect on the skin. It can be various massages, including cryomassage( with the use of snow of carbonic acid or liquid nitrogen), electrophoresis, treatment by apparatus Darsonval.
If necessary, preparations for sedative action, as well as hormones, can be prescribed.
Treatment of folk remedies
As an add-on to the therapy of monitorelitrix prescribed by a physician, you can use the remedies recommended by folk healers.
Perceum Tincture. This tool has irritating effect on the skin and promotes hair growth. Tinctures can be bought ready-made or cook yourself on a pod of hot pepper and half a glass of vodka. Need to cut small pieces of pepper, pour it with vodka and insist for at least 24hours. Tincture is used for rubbing in the scalp under a monitor.
Garlic oil can have a similar effect. For its preparation, it is necessary to crush five teeth of garlic with a press, pour it with half a cup of cannabis oil. Insist the drug for about a week. Rub in the scalp while using a monitor.
Onion mask for the treatment of the monitoretrix. To prepare this medium, it is necessary to grind the medium-sized bulb into the rubbish. Add egg yolks, a teaspoon of shampoo, honey and oil( rapeseed or olive).The resulting mixture is applied to the scalp, a polyethylene cap for the shower( or a packet) is attached to the top, and then the head is attached to the warmed-up on the battery with a thick terry towel. Keep the skin on the skin for 2 hours, then wash your hair with shampoo. The mask with a monitor is desirable to do every day.
Prevention and Prognosis
Moniletriks for life is safe, but the prognosis for a complete recovery is unfavorable. Prophylaxis of moneletrix does not exist, but in order not to aggravate the condition of hair, it is recommended to avoid any kind of overdrying and injury in any way.