Stages of internal hemorrhoids
- 24 Sep 15:00
- Hemorrhoid Treatment
Contents of the article
- First stage
- Treatment of
- Second stage
- How to treat?
- Third Stage
- How to Treat?
- Fourth Stage
- How to Treat?
Hemorrhoids - a common illness. According to statistics, hemorrhoids in one form or another affect about 70% of the population.A disease is not considered an aesthetic problem, which is not accepted to speak aloud. With hemorrhoids in no hurry turn to the doctor, but if this happens, then, as a rule, already with serious symptomatology of the disease. And here it is in vain, since hemorrhoid treatment is simplest at the very earliest stages of its development.
Hemorrhoids is a venous disease that is concentrated in the rectum, in which dilated veins form hemorrhoids. It is these knots and cause pain during the human campaign in the toilet. At the moment, there are several classifications of hemorrhoids. One of them is based on the location of hemorrhoids. According to this principle, the disease is divided into internal and external hemorrhoids.
Inner hemorrhoids, in turn, are divided into 4 stages. Each period of development of internal hemorrhoids is characterized by its symptoms, of varying degrees and intensity.
First stage of
Intra-hemorrhoid stage 1 is considered to be the most painless. Since at 1 stage hemorrhoidal nodes are only beginning to form and still do not have large sizes. Therefore, often at 1 stage, the patient does not have severe pain during bowel movements. The patient suffers from unpleasant sensations, a feeling of incomplete defecation, quite often there is bloating and insufficient itching. At 1 stage rarely appear strong spotting when defecating. Patients often do not attach importance to this symptom and do not hurry to receive a doctor. As a rule, 1 stage of hemorrhoids is accidental, when the patient is referred to a doctor for some other reason. It is the initial stage of the disease that can be treated with folk remedies. After this treatment, remission occurs, with symptoms and pain that may disappear for some time. As a result, the patient calms down and stops treatment. Doctors recommend at the first symptoms of hemorrhoids to go to the hospital, since treating internal hemorrhoids at 1 stage is much faster and painless than in more advanced periods.
Treatment of hemorrhoids in stage 1
Typically, at stage 1, doctors prescribe different ointments, candles, medicines with active components that can reduce pain and outflow of intestinal tissues. This, in turn, deprives the patient of itching, pain, discomfort. The most popular drugs for the treatment of 1 stage of steel: "Proctozone", "Gepatrombin", "Proctosedil."At the first stage of hemorrhoids it is possible to achieve complete remission with these means.
The next effective method of treating 1 stage of hemorrhoids is the surgical procedure - sclerotherapy. It lies in the fact that the doctor introduces a special substance into the hemorrhoidal node, after which the walls of the cavernous vessels are glued, and a connective tissue is formed. Sclerotherapy is a completely painless procedure. Many people prefer this type of treatment to 1 stage of hemorrhoids.
The second stage of the
In contrast to the 1 stage, the 2 stages of the nodes can be exposed outward due to strong stress. Immediately after emptying or after a short period of time, the nodes are easily retracted. Also, stage 2 is characterized by the presence of rather strong pain, itching, burning. At 2 stages of blood may appear not only during emptying, but also after lifting any weights or with arterial pressure. Sometimes blood can pour a small jet, while pain may not be. In 2 stages, due to severe pain, the patient may specifically keep the bowel movement, resulting in constipation often in 2 stages, only exacerbating the situation. At 2 stages, patients are already on the way to the proctologist.
How to treat?
In severe bleeding in the second stage, proctologists recommend "Escuzan" drops, Neuflane gel and "Methyluracilum ointment".
Such stage 2 disease treatment as latex ligation is also an effective method of treatment. Often, lacquer rings are used for ligation, with which the doctor simply clicks the hemorrhoidal node. This leads to the fact that on 12-14 day the knot simply throws away.
Both 1 and 2 stages of hemorrhoids are treated by sclerotherapy.
If, at stage 2, the nodes drop out when trying, then at 3 stages of their fallout happens much more often and for no reason. Large cones may fall even due to coughing, sneezing, or after very little physical activity. Also, unlike the 2 stages, 3 knots can not get involved themselves, so patients often use their fingers. During the adjustment, care must be taken, the unit may be injured, resulting in complications and severe pain.
At the 3rd stage, dropped nodes become noticeable even with the naked eye, enough to get up on their knees. As a rule, only 3 sites are visible outside. The location of the nodes can be compared to the numbers 3, 7 and 11 on the clock face.
3 stage is characterized by such manifestations as severe pain, bleeding, burning and itching. At the same time, itching is so strong that the patient can severely damage her skin when she combed. Symptoms in 3 stages may show up in time or have a permanent basis. The patient should urgently go to a doctor in order not to allow 4 degrees of development of hemorrhoids. Then treatment of the disease will be very difficult.
How to treat?
- Both stage 1, 2, and stage 3 can be treated with sclerotherapy.
- Doctors often use cryotherapy to treat 3 degrees of disease. During this procedure, the nodes are frozen with the help of a refrigerant, die, collapse and output outside.
- Very effective on 3 stages of hemorrhoids procedure of hemorrhoidectomy. Such treatment is carried out under anesthesia, during which the nodes will be cut surgically.
- At stage 3, internal hemorrhoids can be treated with suture ligation. During this procedure, the arteries, which feed the hemorrhoidal node, are flashed. As a result, the node disappears and dies.
The fourth stage of the
4 is the final phase of the disease. The nodes on the 4th stage drop out constantly, they are already too large to practice inside and, literally, prevent life. Unlike 3, at the 4th stage, the nodes no longer get into place on their own. At 4 stages, they can fall even when a person is in the very calm state. Also, at this stage, because of a decrease in the tone of the sphincter, you can observe the involuntary discharge of liquid stool or gases. At 4 stages, the aqueous humor is often observed, causing erosion around the anal skin. Also, stage 4 is complicated by concomitant diseases, such as necrosis and thrombosis.
Because of severe bleeding, anemia often occurs, requiring urgent treatment. At 4 stages of pain so strong that a person can not touch the anus, even with soft toilet paper. A 4 degree of hemorrhoids requires urgent treatment, as it can cause severe consequences.
How to treat?
4 degree of internal hemorrhoids: treatment is performed in the complex. Doctors use: photocoagulation, hemorrhoidectomy, laser coagulation, radio wavelength surgery.
In the process of photocoagulation in 4 stages, the bumps are exposed to infrared light. Due to what the bleeding stops.
Whatever the stage of internal hemorrhoids, experts recommend combining treatment with prophylactic methods such as:
- Diet. Eat more fiber, fruits, drink at least 2 liters of water per day.
- Take physical exercise( this is especially true for people who have a sedentary lifestyle).
- Do not drink alcohol.
- In the event of a constipation or a liquid stool, begin to be treated immediately.
- Try not to lift the weight.
Take care of yourself and be healthy!
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