Chronic, idiopathic urticaria: what is it?
- 24 Sep 13:45
- Hemorrhoid Treatment
Diagnosis of idiopathic urticaria is the case when the allergen itself is not detected during the examination. In pathology of an allergic type, having detected an aggressive substance, one can find out the cause of its occurrence. The reaction on the skin in an idiopathic form arises in the case ofhypersensitivity of an organism to a pathogen that is not a causative agent, but only as a catalyst for such a rash.
In appearance, the disease does not differ from the usual urticaria. These are the same rashes on the skin of red, similar to burns. Most often pathologies are prone to chest children, pregnant women. Worth to fear it and people who have liver disease. Before diagnosis of idiopathic urticaria, it is necessary to have results of many analyzes, various diagnostic procedures. And only after the allergic cause of the skin reaction is eliminated, the specialist has the full right to approve his verdict.
1 Factors leading to the pathology of
The causes of pathology are primarily mental disorders( including stresses, insomnia and other deviations of the functioning of the nervous system).The root of the problem may be chronic infectious diseases, inflammatory processes in the body and heredity. If such rashes worry as a single case, then there is no particular reason for experiencing. They can stay on skin from one day or more.
The chronic form of idiopathic urticaria is a skin rash that lasts from 6 weeks to 6 months. The causative agent of the disease may be plant pollen, temperature change or reaction to certain products. Some medications also can cause manifestations of the disease, as well as household chemistry.
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Sometimes the immune system can not withstand the pathogen, resulting in a chronic idiopathic urticaria can be defined as one of the types of allergic diseases. Failure in the immune system is its main cause: the destruction of human immunity is due to the degeneration of antibodies.
Causes of urticaria may be infectious or systemic pathologies. These are diseases and conditions such as:
- syndrome Shendren;
- diabetes mellitus;
- systemic lupus erythematosus;
- narcotic, toxic or alcoholic intoxication;
- malignant and benign tumors of organs;
- rheumatoid arthritis and kidney disease.
In addition, people with lymphoma, leukemia, and autoimmune disorders are at increased risk of acquiring the disease.
Disease Symptoms When you find out the possible causes of the disease, you should determine its main manifestations. Symptoms of idiopathic urticaria are as follows:
- purple, red rash on the skin;
- nervous breakdown and depression;
- is a constant itch in the rash zone, which usually increases until the end of the day;
- blisters filled with fluid, which can be both oblong and round( held in the dermis for more than 6 weeks).
At first glance it may seem that this disease has only unpleasant aesthetic effects. After all, a person feels uncomfortable, going out and communicating with other people. But this is not the case: patients with idiopathic urticaria often experience nausea, vomiting, they may experience severe edema in the gastrointestinal tract and diarrhea.
Processes may be accompanied by severe headaches, dizziness, general weakness. An important aspect is the manifestation of severe itching in the evening and at night. The dream becomes practically impossible. There is a temptation to scratch all the blisters. Removing the upper layer of the dermis leads to a weakening of the protective function of the skin, since these rashes are practically a barrier against pathogens. The probability of infection with a third-party infection increases several times. Particular danger is experienced by children, they must be warned against combing the places of defeat.
3 Medical Assistance
In this case, the treatment process in both adults and children is very tiring, because a huge amount of time and forces need to be devoted to performing diagnostic procedures and analyzes to identify the exact cause of the development of pathology. But, unfortunately, today it is very difficult to do this. Science has not yet reached such progress. Nevertheless, the examination of the whole organism and the definition of pathogens, which became a catalyst for the disease, are not canceled.
Diagnosis can sometimes give a positive result by detecting the cause of idiopathic urticaria, based on the results of the analyzes. It often happens that in treating a concomitant disease, the urticaria disappears.
If you have idiopathic urticaria, you should contact a medical facility. The doctor will prescribe the administration of medications with different functions and effects. As a rule, the following drugs are used:
- enzymes( for example, popular Festal tablets or Mezim tablets);
- is an itch and obvious edema;
- main components of treatment - it's anti-allergic drugs( most running: Erius, Loratadine, Prednisolone);
- glucocorticosteroid gels and ointments( for example, Flucinarum);
- is a compulsory element of the treatment scheme for idiopathic urticaria: sorbents: activated charcoal or Atoxyl.
Hypoallergenic diet is one of the conditions for a successful recovery. Despite the complexity of the treatment of pathology, especially its chronic form, therapy sometimes gives good results. Only a specialist can correctly determine which products should be abandoned in full, and which should be consumed in fewer quantities. The unauthorized use of a diet can lead to a shortage of nutrients in the body, which provokes a weakening of immunity.
Nevertheless, there are such products that are taboo, they should be excluded from the diet. These include: coffee, chocolate, spices and honey. For rapid recovery, as well as bringing the skin in the normal form, therapeutic procedures are prescribed. Additional treatment methods include: UV, electrophoresis, UHF-therapy.
4 People's Tips
There is a national treatment for idiopathic urticaria, it is aimed at reducing the level of external symptoms of the disease. A popular recipe indicates that the affected areas can be wiped with tincture of calendula or other plant based alcoholic substances. It is possible to receive baths with soda( such procedure will allow for long to relieve itch).It is strictly forbidden to visit a sauna, a sauna, and also to swim in hot water. For personal hygiene, it will fit slightly warm water or water close to room temperature. For girls and women suffering from chronic idiopathic urticaria, only hypoallergenic cosmetics should be used: this applies to both decorative and any other preparations for body care.
A very popular method of treating chronic idiopathic urticaria taken from ancient recipes is the use of a special infusion at each bath intake. For this you need to purchase celandine, St. John's Wort, herd, chamomile. All ingredients are mixed in equal proportions, so that 5 tablespoons came out.lfinished raw materials. Such collection of herbs should be poured with boiling water( 1 liter of water will be needed).The liquid should be put on fire, boiled for no more than 10 minutes. After this, remove the liquid from the plate, filter through the gauze and leave to cool. It is added to a bath with ordinary warm water. The duration of the procedure is about 30 minutes.
Against hives folk doctors advise to do lotions with nettle infusion. To do this, 50 g of dry plants pour 500 ml of water, cook for 10 minutes. After cooling the liquid is filtered and moistened with gauze or cotton discs. They are applied to affected areas of the dermis.
Celery is another assistant in the fight against the idiopathic form of urticaria.
Before eating 4 times a day it is necessary to drink 1 item.lfreshly squeezed juice of spicy plants. Also, a very effective method of treatment is the reception of baths with broth of oak bark. Their duration should be at least 20 minutes. Chronic idiopathic urticaria should go through several days.