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Disease Of The Skin

Trichotillomania - causes, treatment, photo

In the name of the disease, "trichotylomania" is the description of this pathological condition. This name comes from three Greek words: mania - passionate train, tillo - pulling out, pulling out, trix - hair. Another name for this disease is auto-dislocation.

Trichotillomania is an

disease, the main manifestation of which is expressed in the obsessive desire to pull out the hair. Most patients pull off hair on the head, but some patients break out hair on the eyebrows and eyelashes. As a result of permanent injury to the eyelash, such a disease can develop as trichiasis.

Trichotillomania often affects children. Particularly often, the disease develops in infants raised in harsh conditions, when the child is presented with excessive demands that he is not able to perform. Trichotillomania occurs in both adolescents and adults, and women are prone to this disease about twice as likely as men.

Table of Contents

  • 1 Causes of
  • Development 2
  • Disorders 3
  • Diagnostic Methods 4
  • Treatment Methods 5
  • Popular Treatment 6 Prevention and Prognosis
  • 7 Photo

Causes of

Trichotillomania causes, treatment, photo Trichotillomania is a type of alopecia( baldness), but unlike other varieties of itthe disease is caused not by internal causes, but by artificial means. That is, a patient with trichotillomania himself pulls out the hair, creating hearths of baldness. Traditional alopecia arises as a result of wearing tight hairstyles.

In most cases, trichotillomania develops against the backdrop of obsessive-compulsive neurosis. Patients can simultaneously experience a habit of nourishing the nails, trichophagia( the habit of eating torn hair), and others.

Parents often scold children for such habits, not realizing that this behavior is due not to bad education, but to illness.

To date, no precise reasons have been identified that lead to trichotillomania. It is believed that the provocative factors are:

  • Stress and neurosis;
  • Obstacle states and instability of the psyche.
  • Schizophrenia.
  • Diseases associated with brain damage.
  • Lack of copper and iron in the body.
  • Contuctions and injuries affecting the brain.
  • Mental injuries.

Recently, a hypothesis was expressed that one of the genes( SLIT KR1) was damaged in patients with trichotylomania. If this defect is really the cause of trichotillomania, then it's likely that really effective trehotillomania drugs will soon be developed.

Disorders of the

Trichotillomania causes, treatment, photo Symptoms of trichotillomania are quite typical. On the head of the patient you can observe a hearth or several hearths of baldness. There are no hair within this focus, while the rest of the hair remains unchanged.

Acne lesions in trichotillomania can occur not only on the head. Some patients tear eyebrows, eyelashes or pubescent hair.

The skin on the areas of baldness does not change, it looks absolutely healthy. Itching and peeling during trichotillomania are usually not observed. These symptoms are typical for such hair diseases as trichomycosis, Brock pseudopelades, moneletrix.

In most cases, the desire to pull off hair is intensified in stressful situations.

However, quite often a patient with trichotylomania pulls hair in a state of relative rest, for example, when watching television or while traveling in transport. In this case, trichotillomania should be considered as a common pathological effect, and not as a control over impulse gushing disorder.

Diagnostic Methods

The diagnosis of trichotillomania is based on a history and examination of the patient.

Basic diagnostic criteria:

  • A recurring habit of pulling out hair that results in the appearance of healing lesions.
  • Patients with trichotillomania mark a strong, growing feeling of tension that occurs immediately before the patient begins to pull out his hair or when trying to suppress it, overcome this desire.
  • A sense of relief that occurs after a patient has a pinch of hair.
  • This disorder causes the patient considerable discomfort and disrupts his socialization.
  • A separate type of trichotillomania should recognize the desire for selective withdrawal of gray hairs.

    At the same time, patients complain about the onset of itching of the scalp, which( upon the assurances of the patient) stops after removing gray hair.

    Patient with trichotillomania, in addition to consulting a dermatologist, it is necessary to consult a neuropathologist and an endocrinologist to exclude the presence of concomitant diseases.

    Treatment methods for

    Unfortunately, special drugs for the treatment of trehotilomania have not been developed so far, so the treatment regimen should be selected on a case-by-case basis.

    Typically, the following measures are used to treat trichotillomania:

  • Hair Removal( Shaving "Zero").We must say that this method does not give a long-term effect, as the cause of trichotillomania is not eliminated. The onset of neurosis needs to be seriously treated under the guidance of a neurologist.
  • Wearing a special hat. Such a hat does not give the patient trichotylomania to get to the hair. But, as in the case of hair removal, this method of treatment of trichotillomania gives only a temporary effect.
  • Adopts of sedative medications, the appointment of antidepressants.
  • Vitamin Therapy. Especially necessary for patients with trichotillomania vitamin A. Vitamins are prescribed in high doses, depending on the age of the patient.
  • Appointment of Hormonal Ointments. As a rule, such means for trichotillomania are prescribed short courses.
  • Roentgenotherapy for stimulation of the spinal cord roots.
  • Massage using cold( cryomassage).
  • Paraffin and ozocerite applications for bald areas.
  • Psychotherapeutic treatment.
  • It should be said that the treatment of trichotillomania in children has a weak effect. The fact is that this disease is, more often, a reaction to over-hasty upbringing or a complicated situation in the family. Without eliminating the traumatic factor to succeed in treating trichotillomania is impossible.

    Treatment with folk recipes

    To treat trehotilomania, you can use the remedies recommended by folk healers.

    Trichotillomania causes, treatment, photo

    Garlic oil is used to treat trichotillomania.

    A tool for stabilizing the emotional state that is necessary for successful relief from trichotillomania. Necessary 12 beans, extracted from apricot seeds, 2 lemons and 50 grams of honey. Lemon needs to be crushed( leave the skin, remove the stones), mix it with crushed nucleoli from the apricot and honey stones. Take the medicine one spoon in the morning and evening.

    Garlic oil can help with trichotillomania. It can be bought at a pharmacy, but you can also prepare it yourself. To do this, a small head of garlic should be crushed to the condition of the lumps. Pour garlic with a glass of sunflower unrefined oil. After a day, pour in a mixture of juice squeezed out of half a lemon. And if the medicine is prepared for adults, then you can add and 50 ml of good cognac. Take the remedy three times a day, one teaspoon. The course of admission - not less than 3 months.

    Prevention and prognosis

    Prevention of trichotillomania is to eliminate the traumatic factor causing neurosis. Necessary consultation of the therapist.

    Prognosis in trichotillomania is usually favorable. However, the treatment of this disease is not serious, the patient needs a qualified treatment.

    Photo

    Trichotillomania causes, treatment, photo Trichotillomania causes, treatment, photo Trichotillomania causes, treatment, photo