Vetryanka: incubation period, how many days is contagious
- 23 Sep 18:00
- Hemorrhoid Treatment
Very often, parents have a question: what is chicken pox, the incubation period, contagion, what is the duration of this infectious disease? This is understandable, since chicken pox is the most common childhood infectious disease, and adults can infect them.
This disease triggers the virus belonging to the herpes family. The main symptom of chicken pox is the appearance of rash on the body, and in most cases it is accompanied by a high temperature.
- 1 Quarantine
- 2 Necessary care measures
- Developmental Symptoms 4 Disease and its Treatment
- 5 Inoculation Calendar
If you talk about how many days pass from the moment of contact with the patient until the first signs of the chicken pox appear, thendepending on the immunity of the child and his health, this period is from 11 to 21 days, in some cases it can be up to 23 days.
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When a child is diagnosed with a chickenpox in a kindergarten, a quarantine will be imposed for 21 days from the momentdetection of the last patient. For this period, if your child has not yet been ill with the specified illness, you will not be able to arrange it in a sanatorium, make him a vaccine or put him in a hospital, except for emergency cases( then he will lie in a separate ward).
If the child did not attend a kindergarten and did not contact the patient with chicken pox, then you will in any case need to keep him at home until quarantine ends.
If parents do not have this opportunity, then the baby can for a time be transferred to another group where there is no quarantine. In the event that, despite the quarantine, you want the child to go to your group, you will have to give notice that you know about the possibility of infecting the baby with this virus and you will not have any claims in the event of force majeure.
After the child has contact with the patient, a rash on his skin may occur already on day 11, if on 21-23 days he did not have a rash, then the child has a good immunity and he does not get sick with chicken pox.
If a baby had contact with a sick person not in a family doctor, then he may attend an educational institution after this 10 more days, and from 11 to 21 days he should be at home.
2 Necessary measures for care of
It is necessary to take into account the fact that it is possible not only to get infected with chicken pox from who it is ill, but also from who has a shingles, as both of these diseases are caused by the same virus. Parents should be aware of this and isolate children from adults who have formed a scapular lichen. In addition, contact with such people should also stop adults who, in their childhood, did not suffer from chicken pox.
Do not forget that if adults have contact with a child suffering from chicken pox and they will have immunity at this time, then they can get infected with the scapular foot.
"Infectious period" is quite large, the greatest probability of getting sick with chickenpox occurs on the last day of its incubation period. It can also happen throughout the course of the disease, until the moment when the crust forms begin to disappear, this will be the answer to the question about how infectious the chicken pox is.
3 Symptoms of development of
The symptoms of an adult or child developing chickenpox will be evoked by symptoms such as fever, rash on the skin:
1. High temperature.
In different cases, the temperature can rise to a little as high as 39 ° C or more. It is normal for chicken pox when the temperature of the patient's body holds for a long time, then diminishes, and after a while it rises again. Be prepared for the fact that the body temperature increase will be noted as long as the body of the patient appears new eruptions. As soon as it stops, there will be a decrease in temperature.
2. Rash appearance.
The main symptom of measles is the appearance of a rash on the baby's or adult's body. Without temperature increase, this disease can occur in some cases, but without rash it does not happen.
First, the appearance of a rash is noted on the scalp, it appears in the form of red spots. Gradually spots grow and begin to "climb", they are very similar to mosquito bites, which is why many parents of this stage of development of chickenpox are confused with insect bites.
After some time, the rash begins to be filled with transparent contents, and at this period of development of the disease the physician may already visually accurately diagnose, as the bubbles that arise during windy whiskey differ from those that appear in other diseases, which are also characteristicrash.
After this, the bubbles burst, from them a fluid flows out, and in these places there are crusty. When the crust dried up, they start to disappear. A child is considered healthy when all the crust is gone.
As soon as the first rash begins to appear, this means that the "process is running".At the same time, new spots may appear on the skin, and on the earliest crust appear.
In the development of this disease, usually rash in the mouth, on the genitals, feet and palms does not appear. If this happened, then in your child, chickenpox is in a complex form.
These rashes are usually accompanied by an itch, and if they are in the mouth, then it's hard for the baby, on the genitals - it may be difficult for him to pee.
4 The course of the disease and its treatment,
The average duration of the disease is 10 days, active rashes and fever are observed in the first 5 days, and in the next 5 days, a new rash does not appear, the bubbles begin to dry up. If rash is abundant, then the period of flow of chicken pox may increase.
In order to allow the child to be admitted to the team, at least 10 days have passed from the onset of the development of smallpox, with the kid being active, leaving only a few crust on the body, the rash at other stages of development should be absent. In the last 5 days, the baby should have a normal temperature, in these 5 days should not appear new eruptions.
In most cases, treatment is performed outpatiently, at this time it is necessary to limit the contacts of the patient with other people. If there is a high fever, then you must follow bed rest.
It is not the "destruction" of the virus, but the symptomatic treatment, which aims to alleviate the patient's condition. In those cases when the temperature rises to 38 ° C, it is necessary to use antipyretics.
A patient needs plentiful drinking: compote, tea, broths of chamomile, hipster. To dry the rash and disinfect it once a day, every redness must be treated with greenery. Thanks to the use of green leaves you will be able to see, among other things, when new spots appear, as they will be processed with a corresponding characteristic color.
A 5% solution of manganese can be used instead of green. If you make such a solution yourself, then it must be well strained, otherwise crystals of manganese can cause burns.
There are special ointments that have the same purpose as zelenka, manganese, but they do not color the body. If rash appeared in the mouth, you should rinse it often with infusion of sage or chamomile. In case of rash on genital organs, it is recommended to take sit-up baths with a weak solution of manganese - 0,1%.Do this 2-3 times a day for 15-20 minutes.
There are cases of very severe itching, then it is necessary to take inside antihistamines. It is possible to swim only after completely crumbling of crust, otherwise there is a risk of development of a secondary infection.
5 Inoculation Calendar
Since this disease is not severe, it is not included in the list of diseases from which it is necessary to make vaccinations. But it is possible to make a vaccine, especially if it is necessary if a person is prone to the complicated flow of chicken pox, that is, he has malignant tumors, blood diseases.
Vaccines used for vaccination include live pox virus, as well as excipients. You can do them for children after a year. Up to 12 years of age this vaccine is given once, at an older age it should be repeated in 6-10 weeks. The presence of pregnancy and acute illness does not allow for such vaccinations.
Following the introduction of such a vaccine, there may be swelling and redness in this place, which will take place within 2-3 days. Some people may have a slight increase in temperature, headaches may appear, sometimes there may be a slight rash in the period from 7 days to 21 days.
After immunization, immunity is provided in 1.5 months and lasts for 7 years. To prevent a child from becoming infected with this disease, it is necessary to leave his house at a time when the "vitrenochny" quarantine is in the garden. Most doctors believe that chickenpox is better to become old in early childhood, as it is more severe in adolescents and adults.
If you go to a hospital in the first 4 days after the infection with chicken pox, then the doctor will give an immunoglobulin injection. This helps to avoid the development of the disease, and if it does, it will be in easy form.