Skin implications when stretching ligaments of the knee joint, which ones?
- 22 Sep 11:30
- Disease Of The Skin
The knee joint is a large mobile joint of bones and cartilage. It has a complex structure and is very important for movement. Stretching the ligament of the knee joint is considered a rather widespread trauma of the locomotor apparatus. It is often diagnosed by professional athletes and normalpeople who have fallen legs or stumbled when walking and under other circumstances. By the appearance and feelings of the victim, the doctor can put a preliminary diagnosis and appoint an additional examination, and then treatment. The earlier this will be done, the easier and faster the repair of damaged communications will take place.
- 1 Types and degrees of rupture
- 2 Skin manifestations when stretching the knee joint
- 3 Sensation of the victim
- 4 Treatment of bursting of the connection
Types and degrees of rupture
In the knee joint, the bones of the leg and the femur are joined by several types of ligaments. They play an important role in the stability and mobility of the knee joint. The heel or knee cap performs a protective function.
- outer side;
- inner side;
- front cross-shaped;
- rear cross-shaped;
- knee ligament bundle.
Depending on the type of injury, it can break:
Important! At breakage of a knee joint 2 and 3 degrees in the victim there are external signs of injury. If the patient describes in detail the physician the circumstances in which the gap occurred and their feelings, then to diagnose and determine the degree of rupture is easy.
Skin manifestations when stretching the knee joint
Exterior stretch marks are very eloquent. The knee, in which the laceration occurred, a few hours after the injury was significantly increased in size. This is due to traumatic tissue edema. Just look at the damaged knee and healthy to notice this difference. Edema is localized around the entire knee joint.
The joint may also start to accumulate fluid. Often, thus, there is a balloting overcorrel, when pushed on it, it is immersed inside. Another cause of edema may be hemarthrosis, which develops with a complete breakage of the ligament. In this case, blood penetrates into the cavity of the joint and accumulates there.
A hematoma or bruising may occur slightly below the damaged area. Depending on the type of injury, there may be external damage to the skin, the skin and the wounds. In the area of the damaged area, in addition to swelling and hematoma, local temperature may increase.
Sometimes there is a symptom of reflex tension in the leg muscles. Visually comparing this can be noticed. When, at a slight rupture, a person did not turn to a doctor, one can observe muscle atrophy. Because of the constant pain, the victim only for a long time only muscles of a healthy leg strains, but keeps the damaged, and the muscles without workout and work become thinner. This is also easy to see by comparing both legs.
Sensation of the victim
When the ligament of the knee is broken, the patient complains of pain. It can be of different intensity. During a rupture, you may hear a typical crunch or crack when you move. It is difficult for the patient to carry the weight of his body to the damaged limb.
Joint movements are either very limited or completely impossible( at full rupture).In motion, a person experiences instability( "failure" or displacement) of the knee joint.
Discontinuation Treatment An important condition for successful treatment of a break is rest and movement constraints. You can use elastic bandage or special bandages. In different cases, physiotherapy is prescribed by cold or heat. Sometimes surgical intervention is shown.
To eliminate edema and pain, as well as to quickly repair damages, medicines are used, including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids, chondroprotectors and analgesics. At the stage of recovery, appoint a massage and therapeutic gymnastics.
The success of treatment of joint disruption is directly dependent on how quickly the victim applied for help to a specialist. It is important to stop internal bruising as quickly as possible and to prevent the formation of hematomas, to provide favorable conditions for the fusion of fibers. Then the patient can count on complete restoration of mobility in the knee joint after recovery.