Diseases of pigeons, their symptoms and home treatment
- 21 Sep 18:30
Birds are prone to illness no less than humans. Diseases of pigeons, as well as human ailments, have a different etiology. Therefore, it is important to know how one or another disease is detected and which methods of treatment are used in each particular case.
Pigeons also havesusceptible to diseases like humans.
- 1 by infection
- 2 Types
- 2.1 liver flukes( Newcastle disease)
- 2.2 Smallpox
- 2.3 Psittacosis
- 2.4 paratyphoid( salmonella)
- 2.5 trichomoniasis
- 2.6 Koktsydoz
- 2.7 TB
- 2.8 Thrush
- 2.9 Worms
- 3 Vaccination
- 5 Summary
Ways of Infection
There are infectious and noncommunicable diseases. Individuals most susceptible to illnesses in young people, but also mature poultry that are inappropriately present and do not receive a proper feed, can also become ill. When it comes to infectious diseases, all birds without exception are at risk. There are two methods of infection with infectious diseases.
Any changes in the behavior and appearance of birds should alert a poultry farm, as many diseases of birds are transmitted to humans, as well as the death of the entire stock.
Poisonous birds can be recognized for reduced activity. Poor doves do not fly, hide in dark places, do not touch food. External signs of an illness can be: closed eyes, shabby feathers, lethargy, change in color and odor of feces. But each specific disease has its distinctive features.
Verticillus( Newcastle disease)
This is the most common pigeon disease. A diseased pigeon is affected by paramyxovirus, which is already on the fourth day causing a violation of coordination and paralysis. Death of an individual is possible on the ninth day of illness. The disease occurs in three stages, and the task of the poultry farm is the isolation of the infected poultry at the first stage.
- 1 stage - a dove feathers, does not eat, often drinks and sleeps.
- 2 stage - paralytic. The paralysis runs from top to bottom. At first the bird can not move its neck, then the wings, paws and the whole body. The pigeon often falls. The infected bird throws its head, indicating that the virus has reached the nervous system and the brain. Possible dangers are internal hemorrhages and brain edema.
- 3rd stage - severe seizures begin.
Treatment of pigeons affected by the vestigular is not possible. All that a poultryman can do is to separate the diseased animal and disinfect the dandelion with a 3% solution of formalin.
To prevent infection, after the first month of life, a young pigeon needs to be vaccinated. You can do this yourself, adding two drops of the drug "La Sota" or "Bor-74" drinking for five days( twice a day).For prevention, Albuvir is widely used.
The verticha can cause conjunctivitis and inflammation of the lymph nodes in humans, therefore it is necessary to use gloves and a mask in contact with sick poultry.
Vertiac of pigeons - a disease that is dangerous for humans. Need to use gloves.
The pathogens of the disease are ultraviolet-pigeon-type. Mature individuals are less susceptible to this disease, they can only be their carriers. The means of infection are litter, water, as well as insects that carry the smallpox virus. In the absence of treatment, the disease goes into chronic form, and if the bird receives the necessary treatment in a timely manner - life immunity is made.
The most likely infection of the porpoise occurs in the spring and summer. Incubation period - 15 days. Defeat of the skin and mucous membranes is the first sign of the disease.
Signs of the disease vary depending on the type of smallpox.
Various drugs are used to treat smallpox, depending on the location of the site. Spots on the skin are treated with a solution of boric acid( 2%).The affected beak will help to cure the "Lozeval" solution with glucose, also use tetracycline antibiotics and "Enrostin".The larynx is treated with Lyulol and antibiotics.
For prevention, it is necessary to treat the dandelion with iodine-containing drugs, and to add "chloramine"( 1%) to drinking water.
For a person this illness is not dangerous.
Adult pigeons are less susceptible to the disease of the porcine, they can only be its carriers.
Ornithosis is caused by the virus and affects the airways of the pigeon. At the initial stage it is difficult to diagnose it, because the process can proceed without external signs. Later in the birds there are runny nose and inflammation of the bronchi. The nozzle is released in the form of thick mucus. At the same time, the dove trembles, refuses to fly, drowsiness appears, weight loss. In the acute phase, psittacosis leads to nasal catarrh, inflammation of the conjunctiva and intestines, and pigeons sneeze. Bird's eyes are lit, swollen, reddened. As a result, the pigeon avoids light, lacerations may occur. Exudate released from the eyes, gluing feathers near the eyes and can flow to other parts of the body, contaminating the feathers.
Ornithosis is contagious. Adult pigeons often fall latent, and six-year-old suffer from an acute form.
Transmission of infection occurs through feed, water, exudate, litter.
The most effective medicine for pigeons with ornithosis is broad-spectrum antibiotics( "Oleandomycin phosphate", "Ampicillin").Along with taking antibiotics, supportive therapy with the use of micronutrients and vitamins( "Trivit", vitamins A, C, etc.) is carried out.
The higher the resistance of the bird organism to external factors, the lower the probability of infection. And if it already happened, then it can proceed asymptomatic.
Paratyphoid is a fairly common infection of pigeons. His cause is salmonella. The sick bird does not pay attention to what is happening around, it has drowsiness, unwillingness to eat, thirst, and a rare chair. Diarrhea in pigeons is characterized by foamy green secretions.
You can catch a paratyphoid through a feed, drink, feces. Adult pigeons are easier to tolerate the disease and can be a source of infection for a long time. Most of the paratyphus suffers youngsters.
There are 2 types of disease.
Sulphanilamide medications are used in treatment. Good reviews are about the medicines Parastop and Enrostin. Means for treatment are mixed with water or food. The diseased individuals are sown or killed. Samples of feces left the livestock for bacteriological analysis.
Sulphanilamide preparations are used in the treatment of pigeon paratyphus.
Trichomoniasis in pigeons is difficult and has a high probability of fatal outcome. The causative agent is the simplest of the flagella. Infected individuals have poor appetite, body temperature slightly increased. Visually the bird looks screwed, with lowered wings, breathing is heavy, the pigeon is experiencing difficulties with swallowing, increasing goiter. To ease the swallowing process, the bird presses its head to the neck. In addition, patients with pigeons often emit liquid from the beak, there is a stomach upset, nodules may appear on the mucous membrane.
If the upper part of the esophagus is damaged, then the bird's throat deforms, there is a seal in the form of a cone.
Trichomoniasis in pigeons begins as a result of invasion of water and feed. Individuals up to two months are at risk, because in adult birds, most often, chronic trichomoniasis. The incubation period of the disease is on average two weeks.
How to treat trichomoniasis? For recovery, birds are given bread with the addition of "Trikhola" or "Osarsola", not more than 0.05 mg. The course of admission - 4 days, two days break and again repeat the four-day course.
Trichomoniasis in pigeons begins as a result of invasion of water and fats.
This disease has no external signs of damage, so it is difficult to detect the poultry on time. The causative agent of the disease is the simplest group of coccidia. Infection affects the intestines and develops in it. The only way out of it is to maintain a high immunity of pigeons, since pathogenic microgranisms live in a poultry house and immediately overcome weak individuals.
Coccidosis is manifested by diarrhea with an admixture of blood, general weakness, lack of appetite, weight loss and scalding fever.
Therapy is done with antibiotics. You can use Baikox, Koktsidovit, Enrostin.
It is important that feed with the addition of medicines is eaten within one day. Yesterday's feed with medicines can not be used.
Tuberculosis of pigeons is manifested in the form of specific tuberculosis foci in all tissues and organs of the bird. Depending on how the infection was, the tuberculosis is introduced into the mucous membrane of the affected organ and eventually spread to the adjacent system of the body.
Signs of the disease may be different when infected with different organs. The most common are:
- loss of glossy feathers;
- diseased pigeons do not lay eggs;
- weight loss;
- tumor on the sole of the stop;
The source of infection is the carriers. They can be birds, cats, dogs, farm animals. The isolation of diseased animals is just as dangerous as direct contact. But when oral infection in the body are only a few microbes. Most of them die under the influence of gastric juice and appear outwards.
What to treat pigeons infected with tuberculosis? Often, breeders use such means as "Ampicillin" and "Oxytetracycline".
A disease is contagious for a person. If signs of tuberculosis are expressed too vividly, the pigeon will be more correct to kill and disinfect the poultry house.
Tuberculosis of pigeons is virtually non-curable and dangerous to humans.
Dairy dairy is a fungal disease that is exposed to the upper digestive tract. Due to the spread of the fungus in the mouth of the bird forms a white film. Painful feelings make the pigeon refuse to eat, lose weight, be in a depressed state and rub off feathers.
Excessive humidity in poultry houses is one of the common causes of thrush.
Birds are sown in a separate cage, remove white plaque, treat erosion with fish oil, glycerol or iodine. To disinfect a room where there were sick birds, use folk recipe - hot soda and method of burning.
Birds are prone to this disease no less than animals and humans. Patients refuse to eat, lose weight, there is diarrhea. Externally, they are shabby and have a dull feather. If the worms get to the eyes of the eyes, then it becomes cloudy, with a closer look at it you can see the alien body. In run-up cases, pigeons injure joints, resulting in paralysis, up to a fatal outcome.
Deaf pigeons appear due to improper maintenance, non-compliance with room hygiene and unbalanced nutrition.
Drugs from worms should have antihelminthic activity. Widely used drugs containing albendazole. Regular disinfection of the poultry house and the addition of antihelminthic remedies will reduce the risk of worm infestation to a minimum.
To prevent the disease of pigeons and their treatment, birds need to be vaccinated on time( in the first month of life).The most effective vaccines:
- from Smallpox -Diftovak;
- from Salmonella - Salmo PT;
- from paramycovirus - Paramyxo vaccin.
To prevent the disease of pigeons and their treatment, birds need to be vaccinated on time.
When diseases of pigeons are caused by coccidosis, salmonella, mycoplasmosis, broad-spectrum antibiotics are used. Such as Tetracycline, Oxytetracycline. Issued as a powder or tablet. Combined antibacterial drugs( Enrostin, Etazol) are also used.
With such diseases of pigeons as smallpox, goiter inflammation, spirochaetosis, streptococcal infection, breeders use "Exemmonocycline", "Bicillin".
From ornithosis, inflammation of the lungs and trachea - "Erythromycin", "Enrostin", "Tyrolin".Also, these remedies are able to heal the raucous.
Get rid of parasites on pigeons, thrush, bumps and skin inflammation help "Nistatin."Internal parasites of birds in the form of worms are treated with "Furidinum", "Hygromycin B".
Effective drugs for pigeons with trichomoniasis are "Metronidazole"( Trihopol), "Enhepatin".
Be sure to study the guidance on how to use the drug, if you choose the remedy yourself.
Any disease of pigeons is accompanied by specific features. Close attention to the slightest changes in the behavior and appearance of the bird will help to identify and diagnose the disease in a timely manner. Timely vaccination of animals, poultry disinfection and balanced nutrition - here are three rules that will help to prevent the problem and disease of pigeons.