- Preparatory stage of work of
- Main stage of work of
Many lovers of rabbits that breed rabbits at mini farms for meat, believe that rabbit shelling at home is a very laborious process for the .Therefore, the skins are simply thrown out,
, and one of them could get fine fur products.
Rabbit Meat and Pork.
Rabbit skin repair, indeed, is a difficult process requiring some adaptations, chemical reagents and suffering.
But it can be mastered if desired by each rabbit. All work can be divided into 2 stages: preparatory - peeling and preserving, and the main - wetting, juicing, picking, tiling and greasing. As a result of these actions, we must obtain strong elastic skins, from which you can cut any workpieces and which can be sewn together. It is possible to produce skins without preservation, but in amateur farms there is often not a single large amount of fresh skins, and the time at their completion does not appear immediately, but at a time when there is a calm in carrying out basic works.
Preparatory phase of work
Steps for removing skins.
Every rabbit is able to bite and remove skins from rabbits. It is necessary only to specify that for further perfection the skin is removed with a stocking fur inside, with the help of an acute knife, trying not to cut the skin anywhere. Then, they are thoroughly cleaned of meat and fat and stretched out on a special appliance - a wooden ruler made in the form of a letter A. The bottom end of the skin is fixed, so that it does not bend during drying, and carefully cleaned the meast with the kitchen salt. In this form, the skin will dry for several days. They should be stored in a ventilated room with a temperature of up to 30 ° C.If they are poorly dried, then they can mildew.
After complete drying, the skins are made up of tissue bags( dry lavender or special molds can be added) and left to be stored. The best place to store rabbit skins can be a dry, non-frozen attic. Once you have collected enough material and you have free time, you can immediately begin to develop the skins of the rabbit.
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Main stage of
Performance of furs depending on process conditions.
The main stage is divided into the following steps: Notepad. It is impossible to work directly with dry skins, they are brittle and stiff. First, they need to be washed off. Wipe off the skins in clean water, which you need to change once a day, or in a solution: 1 g of warm water add 50 g of salt, 30 g of borax and 2 g of carbolic acid. In the absence of carbolic acid, you can add a little bit of any antiseptic. Dry the skin for 3-4 days. When the mazdra swells and softens well, proceed to the next process. Meadows. With a sharp knife, remove all thickening of the myast, gently screw the top film. Should be a thin layer, to which directly fur attaches. Then the blunt side of the knife begins to break, evenly tapping along the mesh in the direction from tail to head. This process requires some experience, so as not to damage the skin and achieve a subtle but durable suede, its inner surface. Then the skins need to be washed and degreased. Do this with detergent powder, commercial soap or shampoo solution. You can alternate these funds, each time washing the skin in clean water, wipe dry until the fur will not scratch. Pickle. As well as tanning, spend for adding a mazdre durability. To peck, stack the rabbit skins, immerse it in acetic acid solution( 1 g of water, 50 g of cooking salt and 12 ml of concentrated acetic acid or 350 ml of 12% vinegar, 650 ml of water and the same amount of salt), and stand for 2 days, stirring occasionally. Readiness of the skins is checked as follows: the mesh is twisted twice and the bend is carried out by the nail. If the skin is ready, a white strip should remain. It is important that the skin is matured, but can not be overgrown in the solution, otherwise the fur can climb. Then the skins are pulled out of the fur outside, again stacked in stacks and pressed with a load. The runway lasts for 12 hours. To neutralize the acid, the skins are rinsed in a soda solution( 1 liter of water, 1.5 g of soda) and dried. Tiling. It is carried out, applying to the sauce the following compositions: branches and leaves of willow or oak bark pour water, boil for half an hour, until the solution becomes dark brown, and it is applied with a brush or swab. At present, chemical substances are most often used: chrome or alumina. In 1 liter of warm water, dissolve 7 grams of alum and 50 grams of salt. Then the solution is also applied with a brush or a tampon to a mezzanine. Readiness is checked by coloring the myast, making a cut. If the impregnation is complete, the skins are dried and start to run. Frying. At this stage, the skins must become elastic and waterproof. The composition is applied to the mead: egg yolk + glycerin in the ratio of 1: 1 or 0.5 liters of boiling water dissolves 50 g of commercial soap, 0.5 liters of any animal fat and 5-10 ml of ammonia. Then skins mingle with hands, until they are convinced of their elasticity. Then, clean them with chalk or toothpaste, removing the residue of fat and dirt until the fur does not become shiny and fluffy.
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Tools & materials:
- wooden pliers for trowding;
- glass, stainless or enameled containers for sacking the skin;
- cooking salt;
- detergents( detergent, shampoo or household soap);
- chemical reagents( acetic acid of different concentrations, aluminous or chromic alumina).
After acquiring some experience in the development of rabbit skin will not cause you special problems.
Recipes of used tools can be somewhat modified, but the main stages of the work remain unchanged, only then you can get a quality peel. Learning to do the skins, you can proceed to the cultivation of more expensive fur-bearing animals.