Pododermat and its treatment in rabbits
- 20 Jun 03:45
Table of contents: [hide]
- Why is the damage to the plantar part of the animal's foot
- As infectious disease in rabbits
- appears What you need to know about the course of skin inflammation?
- Development of the disease in decorative rabbits
- Peculiarities of staphylococcal poderodemattium behavior
- Inflammation of the plantar part of the foot in rabbits
Among the skin diseases, pododermat is a special place in rabbits. At least one episode associated with the formation of natopathicides, is noted in each rabbit, has reached a three-month age or is obese.
Animals in the animal are located on the hind limbs, often the pododermatites are striking front of the rodent. The disease goes through several stages of its development.
When you look at a sick animal, the following signs are detected: first, the skin is inflamed, although pain is absent. On the paws of the hare, small seals are seen, covered with cracks. The peculiarity of pododermatitis in rabbits is the constant progression of the disease, which is accompanied by the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms into the skin. The running process is difficult to cure and causes great harm to the health of the ears.
Why is the damage to the plantar part of the animal's foot
One of the causes of pododermatitis in rabbits is a metabolic abnormality in the tissues of the plantar part of the foot, which develops as a result of keeping animals on the net.
With regard to the development of the disease, a certain role is played by the pathogenic flora, which causes the emergence of severe forms of the disease.
Pododermaty occurs due to a number of reasons associated with factors such as:
- poor hygienic conditions for the maintenance of animals;
- presence of dense cover;
- long claws;
- is a physical disability.
A sedentary lifestyle creates favorable conditions for the development of pododermatitis in rabbits. Different vascular diseases, cells of chronic infection in the body of the animal worsen the health of the rabbit and contribute to the development of the disease.
It is enough to analyze the lifestyle of wildlife to understand the causes of the disease in their home relatives. Good conditions for the maintenance of pets, high-quality care for fur covers - the main measures of prevention of skin disease in animals.
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As infectious disease in rabbits
is manifested Signs of natoptyshoes are diverse. Often the disease proceeds with damage to the pads of the paws of rabbits and ends with the appearance of bleeding erosions and ulcers infected with staphylococcus aureus.
The most characteristic manifestations of the disease are accompanied by signs such as:
- skin peeling;
- lack of appetite;
- bleeding from the wound;
- formation of hematoma;
- appearance of fungus;
- hair loss;
- infection of skin defects by parasites.
An animal that did not receive medical assistance on time could die.
Very often pododermat, appearing on the diseased limb, occurs with high local temperature. In the case of purulent process, the skin of the pads on the foot is affected, the general condition of the rodent is disturbed. The animal responds sharply to pressing in the region of the excited area.
With the development of superficial purulent process, there is a release of dark gray transparent contents from the wound, and deep lesions of the skin are characterized by the presence of purulent exudate of light yellow color.
Only the timely treatment of a veterinarian can save the life of a sick animal.
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What should I know about the course of skin inflammation?
Symptoms of the disease should alert the owners of animals and help them choose the right treatment tactics by agreeing with the vet. An overview of a rabbit patient shows that the pet feels pain and itching in the area of the damaged limb. The skin on the pads of the paws swells, acquires a hilly surface, develops a strong swelling of soft tissues. The most characteristic manifestations of the late period of the disease are the appearance of ulcers and ulcers. In more run-up cases, the skin is inflamed on all the paws, and the rabbit begins to limp.
Dry calluses appear on the fingers of both hind legs. The general picture of the disease is unattractive: on the foot is visible naked, without hair, coarse skin.
How is the rabbit manifested in a purulent pododermatitis? On the skin of animals there is a multitude of blisters that have the size of millet grain. A sick dog often crosses legs, sleeps poorly, refuses to take food. A weak animal suffers from diarrhea, can not move around the cage.
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Development of disease in decorative rabbits
Overweight in the animal contributes to increasing the load on the rabbit's five and negatively affects his health.
Older individuals are more likely to suffer from skin damage, because they have a slow metabolic process. An important value for the development of the illness is the wrongly selected cage for the maintenance of the rodent.
In this case, the general condition of the decorative pet suffers: it becomes aggressive, restless, refuses to receive food. Cracks on the skin of the paw are enlarged, areas appear, deprived of hair, small bleeding from ulcers.
It should be balanced to choose a decorative rabbit and pay attention to special breeds that can be kept on the mesh floor. Such animals have a fairly developed cover on the back of the legs, a rough skin that is not damaged by chronic friction. It is necessary to regularly cut the hare to the claws and carefully monitor the health of the pet.
Contents Peculiarities of the Staphylococcus Podermatitis
The most common variant of the disease is staphylococcal disease of the skin of the feet on the hind legs of the animal. When a weak spot is formed on the heel surface, pathogenic microorganisms penetrate into damaged tissues - so there is a staphylococcal pododermatitis.
As for the disease itself, it consists of two phases: the acute and chronic form of the inflammatory process. Purulent foci are especially dangerous to the health of the rodent: as a rule, multiple abscesses cause the death of the animal.
The body temperature of the rabbit's disease increases, and without timely medical care for a 4-5 day illness a lethal outcome is possible.
Staphylococcal sepsis is a terrible complication of the disease. Around the new purulent center is a strong capsule, the abscess is revealed, and staphylococcuses penetrate the bloodstream. The rabbit is constantly itching, creating new scratches and wounds on the skin.
Thus, skin damage when infected with a dangerous microbe depends on the place of its introduction, the degree of toxicity and resistance of the animal's organism.
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Treatment of inflammation of the plantar part of the foot in rabbits
Treatment will be successful if timely seek medical attention. Single pimples on the heels, after proper preparation of the skin, are opened, and the wound surface is treated with a solution of disinfectant.
It is impossible to allow uncontrolled rupture of abscesses, because the damage to a significant part of the skin occurs, and the wound perspiration for a long time.
At the same time, the probability of re-formation of bubbles remains.
The treatment of pododermat is necessary under the supervision of a specialist, using antibacterial ointments, disinfectant solutions of carbolic acid and zelenki. Avoiding unpleasant effects associated with bleeding from damaged tissues will help wound treatment by disinfecting and drying powder.
The use of sprays with hormonal components is essential for the elimination of edema in the inflammation area. Medicines quickly relieve symptoms, but they should be used short-term, because they contribute to the sophistication of the skin and the violation of its functions. It is recommended to treat the wound surface with sprays that form a protective film that covers the entire damaged skin.
Treatment is effective if you regularly monitor the condition of the bandage on the paws of the animal and prevent contamination.
An alternative treatment may be prescribed by a doctor. Wash the wounds with extracts from medicinal herbs: calendula, plantain, blackberry leaves. In the absence of an effect, you should consult with the vet about the feasibility of antibacterial therapy for the animal.