Allergic Dermatitis on Shoes - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Photos
- 16 Sep 19:30
- Disease Of The Skin
Contact dermatitis is a group of inflammatory skin diseases that arose in contact with any substance. One of the varieties of this disease is allergic dermatitis in shoes, which is an inflammatory reaction of the skin of the foot.
Allergic dermatitis can developat any age, but in very young children, the disease is rare.
- 1 Causes of
- 2 disease symptoms and symptoms
- diagnostic methods 4
- treatment 4.1 Treatment by folk methods
- 5 Forecast and prevention of
- 6 Photo
disease The onset of dermatitis, like other allergic reactions, is an inadequate response.the body to interact with some substance. Contact dermatitis on footwear develops if the allergen is the materials or dyes used in the manufacture of shoes.
Since the first contact with the substance-allergen to the onset of skin reactions, it takes some time - at least two weeks. And in patients who had allergic reactions, the time between the contact and the development of the skin reaction, may be reduced to 3 days.
Such a low rate of development of reactions distinguishes contact dermatitis from instant allergic reactions, for example, atopic dermatitis.
In order to provoke the development of allergic dermatitis on shoes, it is necessary that the allergen substance is in prolonged contact with the skin.
An additional risk factor for the development of contact dermatitis is various skin injuries - the presence of scratches, scratches, insect slips, etc. Therefore, one of the causes of contact dermatitis may be wearing uncomfortable or too tight shoes.
Symptoms and manifestations of
Allergic dermatitis in shoes, as well as allergic dermatitis in cosmetics, and latex allergy develops on areas of the skin that are in contact with a substance that causes an allergic reaction. With allergic dermatitis, the skin of the soles and the outer side of the foot, the toes, the area of the cartilage stomach is affected by footwear.
The main symptoms of this disease:
- Redness and severe swelling of the skin;
- Skin irritation in the lesion area;
- Appearance of skin with blistering lesions with transparent skin. If the bubble cover is damaged on the skin, painful erosions, which are subsequently covered with yellowish crust, are formed.
The degree of expressiveness of symptoms depends on the dose received by the allergen. And since footwear on a person usually has a large part of the day, the intensity of the symptoms is quite high.
In the chronic course of dermatitis in the lesions, thickening of the skin, dryness, and intensification of the severity of the skin pattern are observed. In some patients with skin-damaged skin dermatitis, cracks in the skin may appear.
Diagnosis of allergic dermatitis is performed in the process of examination by a dermatologist and an allergist. An external review is required for the diagnosis with the evaluation of clinical manifestations and the conduct of allergic skin tests.
Applicatory tests are used to detect an allergen that provokes characteristic skin reactions. These tests are paper-based sticky plates that contain substances that are potentially allergenic. Up to 10 different substances can be applied on each plate.
For analysis, the strips are pasted onto the cleansed back skin and left for two days. After removing the strips, look at the reaction of the skin. In the case of a positive reaction, the skin under the appropriate reaction turns red and swollen, if the reaction is sharply positive, then, possibly, the formation of a bubble.
Diagnostic strips for skin tests can be freely purchased at the pharmacy, however, it is possible to interpret the results of the examination correctly only by the doctor. Before testing with test strips, the patient should tell the doctor what medications he takes. The fact is that some drugs( for example, corticosteroids) that receive the patient can adversely affect the informative nature of the analysis and prevent the correct diagnosis.
It is only necessary to carry out diagnostic skin tests during the period of the remission of the disease, since conducting such a study in the case of aggravation of dermatitis may adversely affect the patient's well-being.
In addition to skin tests of a patient suspected of contact dermatitis, a number of general tests will be required to pass:
- Clinical and biochemical blood tests;
- Blood on glucose content;
- Clinical Urine Test.
In the presence of indications, the patient may be referred for additional examination of the GI tract and the thyroid glands in order to detect diseases that can cause inflammatory reactions of the skin of allergic nature.
To succeed in treating dermatitis caused by an allergic reaction to footwear, contact with the allergen should be excluded. In the process of examination, as a rule, it is possible to detect a substance that causes such a reaction. If it is leather, then you will have to replace leather shoes with models made of textiles. Limiting skin contact with shoes is possible by wearing socks.
For the treatment of allergic dermatitis, it is recommended to use antihistamines. These funds will help to relieve itching and puffiness. These may be drugs such as Zetrin, Zodak, Erius, and others. You need to take 1 tablet per day for at least 10 consecutive days.
Locally on the area of the affected skin of the foot, it is possible to make lotions with Burov liquid. By the way, this liquid also helps very well in the treatment of dry eczema and external otitis media. Ointments containing corticosteroids may be prescribed. Such ointments are prescribed short courses - with 1-2 times daily use for a maximum of 15 days. For the treatment of contact dermatitis, it is recommended to choose the last generation ointments, which do not contain fluorine. These may be instruments such as Locode, Advantan, Elok, and others.
In the acute phase of dermatitis, injections of desensitizing agents such as calcium gluconate may be prescribed. At severe dryness of the skin on the foot it is recommended 2-3 times a day to apply boric vaseline in a thin layer.
If the lesion is very serious, corticosteroids for systemic use may be prescribed for the treatment of contact dermatitis. These drugs may have unwanted side effects, so it is advisable to choose the duration of the course and the dose individually for each patient.
In addition, patients with contact dermatitis recommend to adhere to a hypoallergenic diet. For washing the feet only neutral means, such as baby soap, should be used. If the skin dries strongly after washing, you can grease it with baby oil.
Treatment by folk methods
Treatment of dermatitis caused by an allergic reaction to footwear may also be helped by methods recommended by folk healers.
But before you apply this or that recipe, make sure that the ingredients you are using do not cause allergies. For example, in the recipes, beekeeping products( honey, propolis, etc.) are often used, which in themselves can provoke an allergic reaction that worsens the patient's condition.
Soothe irritated skin will help the foot baths with the addition of medicinal herbs. To make baths, you can use oak bark, heron grass, hop cones, burdock roots.
For the use of compresses in contact dermatitis, grass collection can be used. You need to take chamomile, sage, root valerian, grass, celandine and St. John's wort in equal quantities. Take 150 g of herbs and pour boiling water so that the water only covers the grass. Infuse half an hour. Then put the steamed grass on the gauze and apply warmly to the affected skin of the foot.
You can use sea buckthorn oil to treat erosions with contact dermatitis.
Helps in the healing of irritated skin with allergic dermatitis pumpkin. It is possible to use pulp for compresses, or squeeze juice from pumpkin and apply it for lotions to the inflamed skin.
An effective way to get rid of symptoms of contact dermatitis is propolis oil. For its preparation, it is necessary to mix crushed propolis( 1 part) and any vegetable oil( 4 parts).Heat in a stove or oven to dissolve propolis for about 50-60 minutes. Then pour into a glass jar. Apply oil for compresses to the skin, affected by dermatitis. The recipe can be used in the absence of propolis allergy!
To reduce the sensitivity of the body to allergens, you can prepare a decoction of the collection of herbs. Take 1 part of the grass polina, 2 parts nettle herbs, plantain, sage, 4 parts of juniper berries and corn rice. At 70 grams of collection take a liter of water, infusion brew in a thermos, insist on day. Accepted for contact dermatitis of 100 ml three times a day. The remedy can also be used as prevention of exacerbation during remission.
Forecast and prevention of
The prognosis for allergic dermatitis in shoes depends on whether the skin contact with the allergen substance can be excluded. If the contact is excluded, then complete recovery.
Primary prevention of the development of contact dermatitis on footwear is not developed. When choosing shoes, one should prefer models made of genuine leather, since they rarely cause allergic reactions than shoes and sandals made of artificial materials. Be sure to choose the correct size of the shoes to avoid the formation of abrasions.
Secondary prophylaxis is aimed at preventing the development of relapses, should be aimed at avoiding contact with the substance-allergen.