Kaposi's sarcoma - causes, symptoms, forms of the disease, treatment, photos
- 16 Sep 04:45
- Disease Of The Skin
An antidiabetic skin is referred to as a disease characterized by the formation of multiple malignant tumor-like skin diseases. The disease was first described by dermatologist Moritz Kaposhi, and was named after the scientist.
The prevalence of this type of sarcoma is small, however, this malignant disease is ranked first in the spread of HIV positive people. Moreover, in men, Kaposi's sarcoma occurs 8 times more often than those of the opposite sex.
- 1 cause of disease
- 2 Clinical
- 2.1 The classic form of the disease
- 2.2 Endemic form of the disease
- 2.3 The epidemic form of the disease
- 2.4 Immuno-suppressive form of the disease
- 3 The condition
- 4 Possible complications
- 5 Diagnostic Techniques
- 6 Treatment
- 6.1Treatment with folk remedies
- 7 Prevention and prognosis
- 8 Photo
Causes of the development of the disease
Today it has been proved that Kaposi's sarcoma develops due to the action of the epidemiological herpes virus. Infection with this virus can be done through blood or saliva. However, infection with the virus does not mean that the development of angioedema will develop, for the activation of the virus, a significant reduction in immune status.
In the risk group of Kaposi's sarcoma:
- People infected with HIV;
- People with Immunodeficiency. For example, after conducting chemotherapy or in diseases for which treatment is required for immunosuppressors.
- Older people and children.
The regional prevalence of Kaposi's sarcoma is noted, and this disease is more common in representatives of the peoples of the Mediterranean and African countries.
If Kaposi's sarcoma is detected in an HIV-infected patient, this is the basis for the diagnosis of AIDS.In addition, angioedotetoma of the skin is often accompanied by such malignant diseases as leukemia, lymphosarcoma, lymphogranulose and myeloma.
Clinical picture of
Symptoms characteristic of Kaposi's sarcoma are quite diverse and depend on the duration of the disease and the clinical form in which it occurs.
There are four forms of skin angioedema:
The classic form of the disease,
This type of skin angiotomy is common in Central Europe and the Mediterranean. Neoplasms in patients have clear limits, are located, more often, on the legs, feet and hands. Tumors often develop symmetrically. Unpleasant sensations do not cause tumors, but sometimes patients report burning and itching.
The classic form of Kaposi's sarcoma has three stages:
Endemic Disease Form
This type of Kaposi's sarcoma is common in Central Africa. The disease begins in childhood, especially often in the age of one year. The disease affects the internal organs and lymph nodes, but skin manifestations can be absent altogether.
The epidemic form of the disease
This type of skin angioediolitis is most often found in HIV positive people and serves as a diagnostic sign of Snid. Tumors with this form of sarcoma can be located on the face or mucous membranes. Characteristically fast and aggressive course of the disease, the process is always drawn lymph nodes and internal organs.
Immunosuppressive Disease Form
This is the only type of Kaposhi sarcoma that proceeds benignly. It often develops in patients who have suffered a kidney transplant and who are forced to take drugs that suppress the immune response. After the withdrawal of the drugs, the symptoms of sarcoma retreat. Internal organs in this form are rarely involved.
The course of the disease
Depending on the course of the disease, there are three types of skin angiotomyelitis:
Possible complications of
Complications, possibly with Kaposi's sarcoma, are determined by the localization of the tumor and the stage of the disease. Frequently developing:
- Deformation and limitation of limb mobility;
- Education bleeding and intoxication through tumors;
- Development of lymphostasis through compression of lymph nodes.
- Accession of infections in case of damage to tumor formations.
As the clinical picture of Kaposi's sarcoma is quite typical, and it is known that the disease develops under immunodeficient conditions, the diagnosis is usually based on the study of anamnesis and symptoms.
Biopsies are trying not to carry out, as there is a risk of developing neoplastic hemorrhage. However, if the diagnosis is controversial, the biopsy still needs to be conducted.
Also, laboratory tests for the detection of signs of infection with type-2 herpes can help to diagnose.
However, the presence of the virus in the body is only an indirect confirmation. In itself infection does not say about the development of Kaposi's sarcoma or the risk of its development in the future.
Systemic and local treatment methods are used to treat angioedema.
- Radiation Therapy;
- Applications for the use of 30% ointment of plain padding;
- Injection of chemotherapy interferon alpha.
Systemic treatment will be effective if the patient has an immunologically favorable prognosis. In this case, it is often possible to achieve the treatment of the disease. However, when treating patients with poor prognosis, sometimes it is possible to achieve tangible results.
Systemic treatment consists of conducting polychemotherapy or palliative monochemotherapy.
When prescribing treatment to patients with HIV, it's important to remember that drugs used in chemotherapy can have a bad effect on the condition of these patients. Especially if HIV infection is being treated at the same time.
Treatment of folk remedies
Additionally, with Kaposi's sarcoma, you can use the methods of folk treatment:
- It is recommended to apply a tumor of fresh root and dandelion to the tumor.
- Folk healers recommend using cooked beets at Kaposi's sarcoma. The prepared root crop is rubbed on a grater and used to make compresses to the location of the tumor.
Prophylaxis and Forecast
The primary prevention of Kaposi's sarcoma is to conduct prophylactic and active detection of patients at risk. Secondary prophylaxis for the prevention of relapses after treatment consists in the dispensary observation of patients.
The prognosis for Kaposi's sarcoma depends on the type of disease, the form of its course, and the patient's immune status.