How to help a child to study well: advice from a psychologist
- 13 Sep 19:15
Today, high-quality education has become one of the most important points in the development of man as a social individual. But with good learning skills they are not born, therefore, some students need more attention and guidance in order to better master the material.
One of the important factors inis the parental attitude to the child's learning. Especially if he does not cope with the educational material, but his relatives are waiting for him good results, then without their help the child can not do. Whether it is possible to influence the mental abilities of the child and how exactly to do it, we will understand together in the materials of this article.
1. Communication with the child: why it matters
2. Organization of the day mode
3. Development of the vocabulary of
4. Control over the implementation of the homework
5. Proper nutrition - the key to successful training
6. Teaching children to independence
How to Help a Child Have a Good Learning
When adults spend time helping their child make more effective impact on their school performance and studying the material than the quality of their own or their owndibnostey. At the same time, one should not forget that each student is unique and requires special attention not only from teachers, but also from their parents. In this case, every item on assisting the child in education should be taken seriously in order to achieve positive results.
The warm relationship between the child and the parents plays an important role in the educational process. To a certain age( approximately 10-12 years), the child takes into account the interests of parents. If he has to do something, where it is necessary to show the will - he does it for parents, and thus he perceives the learning process as something from which parents would be satisfied.
For him, he plays, eats sweets, watch cartoons. Therefore, it's worth considering the fact that a child before a certain age does not think that he needs to learn for himself and his future.
Any organizational process in the teaching of children should be formed correctly, while not violating their personal habits. Individual features should be taken into account.
If parents ignore, for example, the habitual routine of the child's day and begin to worry about engaging only by his / her learning partner, in that case they may face an obstacle in the form of resistance on his / her side in cooperation. In this case, developing the educational potential will be many times more difficult.
It is worth remembering that it is important to help a child learn this well: follow the plan, give proper attention, communication, control, respect and complicity.
Communication with the Child
Communication is fundamental to the development of children. They need to be understood and understood. Communication is the basis of relationships and influences learning, play and social interaction.
Communication with children helps to strengthen affection. If the guardian or father reacts to the child's signals from birth and responds by communicating with them, then he develops a strong affection for himself. And this connection is the basis for the development and teaching of the child.
In the life of a child for a long time the most important employment is the educational process. Communication directly affects the development and development of this part of life.
If the child is returning from school clearly not in the spirit, parents should try to talk to him "in the heart."Perhaps he quarreled with friends or was punished by a teacher for some fault. Such troubles can "repel" the desire to attend school and the child's progress will be seriously shaken. Sentimental conversation can be the best way to solve such problems.
The child should not be afraid to be ashamed to speak with his parents. He should clearly understand that solving the problem is possible only by discussing it.
It is known that the underdeveloped vocabulary of children, which directly affects literacy skills. Without external assistance from 50% to 90%, children with communication needs subsequently have problems reading. The luggage of vocabulary up to 5 years old is an important indicator of the qualifications achieved at school through the years.
Day Day Organization
Organized day mode is a guarantee of productive learning. Therefore, if the father wishes to develop the child comprehensively and to have a good influence on his school performance, and to instill love for other useful things, he should consider the organization of the day of the child's regime.
One of the prerequisites for proper child upbringing is the control of its day mode. After all, correctly planned day of the day has a great influence on health, as well as on physical development.
The mode of the day is the usual way of life during the day, which involves a healthy alternation of sleep and wakefulness and, moreover, a reasonable organization of various types of activity.
The correct mode for children, strengthens their health, ensures efficiency, satisfactory performance of various occupations and protects against fatigue.
The physiological base, which determines the duration of workability and character, depends directly on the efficiency of the cells of the cerebral cortex. As a result, you can not restart the functioning of the central nervous system.
On the morphofunctional level of the maturity of an organism, influences the mode of the day and the duration of its key elements, such as:
- outdoor activities
- training activities and education
- gaming and self-development( creative pursuits, reading, capture)
- personal hygiene
If your child has more sleep time, then you should ask him what he would be interested in learning. Maybe he would like to do music, drawing or some kind of sport. Then write it on the circle. It is worth remembering that if you carry out the same actions every day, then they are in the habit of a month and then the child will be completely accustomed to it.
Sometimes it happens that during the summer holidays the child ceases to give the time to study. This can not be allowed. Therefore, it is necessary to give a task periodically so that he does not forget the material studied during the school year and after its implementation, to encourage it in the form of sweets or allowing them to go somewhere with friends.
The vocabulary development of
For today, the rich vocabulary is not only an indicator of erudition, but also a guarantee of good memory and a clearer perception of information.
It is not surprising that many parents are keen to develop the child's vocabulary. There are several productive steps to do this:
Instilling a child's love of reading is one of the main positive steps towards the development of vocabulary. While the child is not able to read, it is worth reading him before the dream all sorts of fairy tales, interesting stories and sometimes poetry.
When he is already able to read on his own, praise him for this and help him when choosing books. Then he will love this lesson and with each new read book his vocabulary luggage will be replenished.
There are things that a child may not understand, an unfamiliar term or expression. In this case, it is necessary to help him to understand and explain to him, which means one or another word, to invite him to find this word in the dictionary and read together the meaning together.
Speak and Speak
In order for a child to be more accustomed to more accurate and clear expressions, it is worth drawing it on the dialogue. Find topics for discussion and tell something new and interesting, discuss with him the history and sometimes something from the scientific part.
For example, even tell about a historical event or a scientific discovery. The main thing to do is to do it most interestingly and emotionally so that the child was interested and remembered with the impression that he was discussing with his father.
Games with words
There are many games based on the development of speech and vocabulary of the child. Even the usual guessing of words or the joint work of a story, games in the association can develop the vocabulary and even the creative side of the child's thinking.
Supervision of homework assignment
During studying, children have to learn a lot of information. And one of the obligatory daily affairs, is the performance of homework. It is because of the homework of the child that the knowledge in memory is fixed.
But it is not always easy for them to do this, especially if they were inattentive during the lesson and did not fully understand the material. In this case, parents should help him to understand, then he will feel more confident and responsible.
Parents should also not forget that in order for the child to be comfortable and effortless to do homework, they must arrange comfortable conditions for them and support them morally.
Correct nutrition - the key to successful training of
For every person, proper nutrition is a source of energy. It also depends on the state of health and the improvement of memory and thinking. This is also an important factor for a child.
One of the disadvantages of today is that children do not always love to eat in dining rooms in educational institutions, so they use all the products that they really do not fill and do not bring anything useful, and sometimes dangerously affect the body.
Therefore, it is necessary to create a useful menu for the child and be sure to follow his meal. Be sure to have breakfast, lunch and dinner. These three meals should include the most useful and nutritious foods that children have during the day, from where to draw strength, was healthy and well-behaved.
To stimulate brain function, important components are: zinc, magnesium, vitamin B, calcium, tocopherol and iron.
Products containing the following :
- Animal Liver
Sour Milk Products
For the physical development of children, turn out to be a useful protein. Most protein is found in the following products:
- Nuts and Seeds
Dietologists recommend that children eat healthy foods balanced with carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and minerals.
Do not forget about the daily amount of water used. Water is the cleaning of the body from toxins, so it is worth accustoming the child to drink moderate amounts of water during the day.
Teaching children to self-esteem
To educate a child to independence, it means to awaken in him such qualities as: responsibility, discipline and self-confidence.
The responsibilities given to them by their parents are aimed at attracting children into the process of performing work that requires them maximum independence. This is manifested in the independent performance of homework, in situations where the child needs to make a choice or some decision, either alone. Even some of ordinary life failures can teach a child to cope with them on their own.
As the baby grows up, the development of autonomy skills is determined. In a preschool age the child must be able to: take care of and maintain order. And while he brings cleaning to a kind of game, he expects praise for his every action. Also at this age it should be taught:
- Make a choice for the proposed outfits
- To assemble toys
- To stretch and fill the bed
At an adult age of 5-7 years, children should already without the help to be able to dress, to make clothes sorting it, to wipedrank and help to cover the table.
It is useful to teach to the second class of children:
- To clean in the kitchen( to wash dishes, to wipe it and to make up)
- To use the stove and to be able to cook yourself basic breakfast
- To sweat
By the age of 10 years of , children must already do their own homework. At this age, they no longer have to be afraid to go on trips with a class without parents, go hiking, attend sports sections and creative circles.
Adults should not forget that they should always support their child in any endeavors and affairs. But you need to know when you can intervene, and when it's better to leave it to deal with something yourself so that he can fully demonstrate his efforts and potential. This will give him the opportunity to believe in himself and become strong in order to be independent in school, in everyday life and in the world.
We advised psychologists to break down the age categories of children. After all, what suits the first-graders, is unlikely to be of benefit to senior pupils and vice versa.
For elementary school students
Psychologists advise parents to primary school students, firstly, to prepare them morally for admission to educational life. To save them from fear of getting to know something new. And also they are interested in their school initiatives, constantly asking what they are learning or learned something new for themselves.
Learn how to deal with classmates, help children make friends with them, attracting them to any event, like guided tours or just inviting guests. Develop a child's love for learning and her own will, responsibility and independence. Remind of discipline and what to do, and what should not be.
For middle school students
For middle school students, psychologists recommend parents to ease the learning process as much as possible. Creating the appropriate conditions. Emotionally support the child, listen to him and help, trying not to conflict and not cry. Be harsh, but when you need to be loyal.
Share knowledge in some areas that might interest and enrich your child's knowledge. Regularly follow the schedule of lessons and help in organizing your own child's time.
For high school students
Senior students need freedom, so psychologists recommend giving them more freedom so that they can move in their direction. Help in teaching if you need to give it to preparatory courses and additional courses. Communicate, talk about your experiences and your life in high school.
Provide useful tips in terms of relationships with classmates, teachers and friends. Do not condemn or react aggressively to any situation. Parents should always be those people whom you can come to help with. Maintain interest in further education. Help in choosing a profession giving an assessment from the side, but without imposing their views. Believe with your child, whatever it may be.