Arachnoiditis of the brain: causes, symptoms and treatment
- 13 Sep 08:15
In this article we will describe arachnoiditis, which is a disease of the brain, consider the general principles, causes of the disease, pathogenesis, symptoms of arachnoiditis, medical treatment and folk remedies.
Brain arachnoiditis is an autoimmune inflammatorydefeat of the spider mucosa of the human brain, which leads to the emergence of some adhesions and cysts.
- Terms and diagnostics
- Pathogenesis arachnoiditis
- symptoms of this disease
- diagnosing disease
- Treatments arachnoiditis
- Treatment folk remedies
- weather, possible complications and prevention
Terms and diagnostics
Speaking from a clinical point of view,then this disease manifests itself as a neurasthenic or asthenic syndrome, as well as focal signs, in particular, to such include the cerebellumchest disorders, lesions of the cranial nerves, pyramidal disorders.
In the first place, the symptoms depend on where the disease actually develops in the actual place of the brain. The diagnosis is established, taking into account the assessment of the mental and neurological condition of the patient, having a special history, otolaryngology and ophthalmologic examination.
In addition, the method of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging is used to determine the correct diagnosis. In general, this disease can be cured with the help of medication therapy of a complex nature, which includes resorptive, antiallergic, neuroprotective and antiepileptic drugs.
At present, there are two main types of arachnoidite - the true and residual state. If we talk about the first variant, then such a disease has a diffuse nature, and its main features are progressing flow.
The second type is significantly different from the first one, since the disease here is already more local in nature and is not accompanied by any kind of progredientnosti currents. As a rule, arachnoiditis is often infected by young children or men up to 40 years of age.
It is worth noting that male patients suffer from such an illness about twice as likely as women.
In almost half of all cases of arachnoid disease, various kinds of infectious diseases have been postponed. Typically, such diseases include:
- Viral type meningitis;
- Encephalic Soda;
- Wind pox.
In addition to the diseases listed above, arachnoiditis is capable of developing due to chronic foci of severe purulent inflammation that occurs in the area of the cranial box, namely:
- Ears, inflammation;
- Rhinitis and sinholes;
- Mastoiditis, that is, inflammatory processes observed in the temporal region that arose as a result of the complication of various ear infections;
- Infectious inflammatory processes in the oral cavity, in particular, and the teeth themselves.
Approximately 30% of all cases of arachnoiditis develop as a consequence of previously transmitted serious craniocerebral lesions. Such a process begins to occur and develop at a time when the trauma is accompanied by frequent subarachnoid flushing of the blood, as well as by severe blows of the human brain.
It should be noted that some cases are so complex that scientists can not find out the reasons for developing the disease.
Factors that affect the susceptibility to this disease:
- Common chills;
- Intoxication of the body, in particular, for the abuse of alcohol or drugs;
- Serious weakening of human organs, which primarily perform protective functions;
- Permanent exhaustion;
- Working conditions that are too heavy and inconvenient.
The pathogenesis of arachnoiditis
Between the two shells of the brain - a soft and solid spider web. It is not one with them but adjoins them quite tightly in those areas where the soft sheath covers the so-called convex surface of the gyrus located in the human brain.
The webcase differs from the soft one by the fact that it absolutely does not come in the part of the brain gyrus, but directly underneath it forms the space that is filled with some cerebrospinal fluid. All these spaces are connected with each other through the cavity of the fourth ventricle. Cerebrospinal fluid exits from the cranial cavity precisely in such spaces.
Different kinds of these factors begin to operate in the human body and thus antibodies to, in fact, this vein, which cause the process of inflammation of the autoimmune nature, are produced.
This disease is accompanied by cloudiness and thickening in the area of the vein, as well as cystic enlargements and connective tissue adhesions begin to appear there.
It is quite often that the process of arachnoid disease is accompanied by focal symptoms, which in the first place are excessive irritability, as well as the involvement of all subject structures of the brain.
In medical practice, the disease is classified according to localization. Recognize spinal and cerebral arachnoiditis. If we talk about the second form, then it, in turn, is divided into basilar, konveksitalnyj, as well as arachnoiditis of the back of the cranial fossa, but when there is a diffuse nature, then this type of division is not possible in every case.
According to pathogenic features and changes in morphology, arachnoid is divided into cystic, adhesive and cystic-adhesive.
Symptoms of this disease
Before talking about the symptoms that are characteristic of arachnoiditis, it should be noted that the signs of the disease depend on localization and are divided into three types - cerebral, spinal and cerebrospinal.
Cerebral arachnoiditis, primarily characterized by severe inflammation in the area of the human brain, as well as by the following signs:
- Increased body temperature;
- Sleep problems;
- Constant dizziness, accompanied by painful headaches.
- Reduces memory and attention;
- The general weakness of the body, as well as excessive fatigue in physical or mental stress;
- Acrocyanose( the skin acquires a dark blue color that is not special to it);
- Too much urination;
- Seizures, and in some cases serious convulsive attacks;
- Violations in the hearing;
- Partial or complete loss of sense of smell.
In situations where spinal arachnoiditis is observed, there are almost the same symptoms, but there are others, for example, people are concerned about frequent pain in the lumbar region, as well as in the vertebral column.
In addition, the patient is disturbed by tingling in the limbs of the body, temporary paralysis, sometimes numbness of the legs. In the most severe cases, a person experiences violations in the genital organs, in particular, decreases the level of potency.
Cerebrospinal type of the disease combines symptoms that are characteristic of both spinal and cerebral arachnoiditis.
Diagnosis of the disease
Specializing in this disease, the doctor will be able to establish the correct diagnosis only after the patient undergoes a full course of examination, and compares all the findings with the results of instrumental studies and neurological examinations.
When it comes to the process of collecting anamnesis, first of all, pay great attention to how rapidly and rapidly the signs of the disease develop and whether they are somehow progressive in nature.
Due to neurological studies, it is possible to detect disturbances from the nerves located in the cranial part of a person, in particular, to find out whether there is a focal neurological deficiency or there are various mnemonic, psychological and emotional disorders.
Also apply radiography of the cranium box. Such a type of study can not be called effective. Due to this method, it is only possible to detect symptoms that have been present for a long period of time, for example, osteoporosis of the Turkish saddle and back, as well as finger injections.
Epilepsy activity or focal irritation can be detected when using EEG( electroencephalogram), but as a rule, this procedure is used only in situations where a person is ill with convexital arachnoiditis.
If the physicians discover at least minimal arachnoid suspicion in a patient, then the ophthalmologist must inspect it. In approximately every other case, where arachonoid is present in the posterior cranial fossa, during the examination of the patient by the ophthalmologist, some stagnant phenomena are observed near the optic disc.
An ophthalmologist should be treated in those situations where the patient has some hearing complaints. Due to the threshold audiometry doctors have the opportunity to obtain fairly accurate results.
Methods of treatment of arachnoiditis
The course of treatment is usually carried out in a hospital. It mainly depends on the degree of disease activity and etiology. It should be noted that treatment may include several types of therapy at once.
For example, in the use of anti-inflammatory therapy, it is necessary to use glucocorticosteroid medicines, in particular, it is "Prednisolone" and "Methylprednisolone".Also, in most cases, doctors prescribe and remedies that have the ability to absorb the necessary substances( Pirogenal, Rumalon, Lidazu).
If excessive pressure gaps are observed in the area of the skull, then dehydration medications are prescribed for the patient, most often, it is Furosemide, Mannid, Diacart.
It is obligatory to carry out the rehabilitation of those organs where there is a focal infection, and it does not matter what type of arachnoid is present and what degree of the disease.
Treatment of folk remedies
Today people are known for many ways of folk medicine, with which you can get rid of an illness such as arachnoiditis.
Folk remedy number 1
If there is a chronic cerebral arachnoiditis, then the patient should bind a sheet of burdock on his head, and change it approximately every 24 hours. Over time, such a plant will be able to completely remove the unnecessary fluid from the human brain.
Folk Medium # 2
Collect the herons of the herd, but only at the time when it blooms. After that, it is dried and brewed in the form of a kind of tea, namely: 1 tablespoon of raw material is poured 1 liter of hot boiled water and insist for about half an hour. You need to drink this drink during the day while all the healing properties are stored.
Folk remedy №3
The roots of the steam are thoroughly washed and evaporated in fresh air. Then it is milled through a meat grinder and dried, thus transforming into a powder. To take such a powder it is necessary to eat 3 times a day. In general, the course of treatment is desirable to last about three months.
Forecast, possible complications and prevention of
It should be noted that in most cases, the prognosis for human life is favorable. The most dangerous are the following forms of arachnoiditis, which are accompanied by the development of the occlusive type of hydrocephalus.
In addition, physicians consider the bad sign of excessive epilepsy seizures, which usually occur after a person has undergone the necessary course of treatment.
In order to prevent the occurrence of this disease, physicians recommend taking preventive measures.
For example, a fairly good option is the full range of courses for the treatment of various infectious diseases, as well as the use of medicinal herbs that can have a positive effect on the brain.