Melanoma Skin: Life Forecasts, Stages
- 12 Sep 22:30
- Hemorrhoid Treatment
The development of a patient with melanoma skin, a life expectancy which largely depends on the effectiveness of the diagnosis and initiated treatment, is often ambiguous. If in some patients I or II stages can not change for years, then in others -clinical picture is formed rather quickly. In order not to give the disease a chance, it is necessary to regularly undergo the examination, and if the misfortune still came - to seek medical help.
1 Formation of the clinical picture of
The life expectancy of a patient with an unfavorable diagnosis largely depends on the factors that provoked the disease. First and foremost, they are hereditary predisposition. If blood relatives have already had clinical manifestations at stages I-IV, then a person has a risk of developing the disease. Prophylactic treatment to a doctor will help to reduce the probability.
We recommend that you familiarize yourself with
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Second place is the adverse environmental conditions - bad ecology at the place of residence or work. It is impossible to say with certainty today how much time it takes to go before a bad ecology provokes melanoma. At the same time, health professionals say with certainty that it is better to take preventive measures.
Constant physical and psychological stresses do not have the best effect on the work of the human immune system. The weaker the body, the more likely it is to become a victim of melanoma. That is why it is necessary to reduce to a lesser extent psycho-physical activity.
Regardless of the reasons that triggered the onset of melanoma, the physician should conduct an examination. His goal is to correctly identify the stage of the disease. Only after this can make a more or less accurate prediction of the duration of life.
2 Features of the diagnostic phase of the
During the diagnostic phase, the physician is looking for answers to several vital questions:
More or less accurate information on the part of the patient's life expectancy will give the doctor information about the localization of the oncology process.
When it comes to the II or chronic stage of the pathology, it is imperative for the doctor to check the nearby cells for the presence of cancer pathologies in them. The more precise a given study is, the less likely to tolerate metastasis.
Emergency surgical intervention is indicated in the case when the tumor came close to the lymph nodes. The faster the patient is on the operating table, the more likely it will last his life. The following types of diagnostics can help you check the effectiveness of the operation:
- blood test;
- examination of the chest area;
- liver function analysis;
- scan of the brain;
- bone scan.
Each of the listed diagnostic procedures is sent simultaneously for 2 purposes. The oncologist needs to make sure that the tumor has not started to spread actively. If this is still happening, medical personnel are taking emergency response measures.
It must be ensured that there is no patient with melanoma associated with the disease. Often, against the background of weakened immunity, inflammatory or infectious processes develop. The sooner the doctor will know about them, the more likely the patient will survive. In this case patients should understand that the direct prognosis depends on the diagnosed stage.
3 Stages of Skin Disease Development
Everything starts with 0 stages, when diagnosing the disease is possible only on the basis of the results of the survey. Extremely rare in the patient, small neoplasms that protrude beyond the skin can be observed. It is impossible to identify it individually. That's why you should not abandon the annual surveys. The disease develops according to the following pattern:
Patients should know that regardless of the stage of the disease, the tumor needs to be removed. If not done, the patient's life expectancy will not be significant. That is why it is worth abandoning the attempts of self-treatment and the services of charlatans, who offer without surgery to get rid of melanomas.
4 Therapeutic course
In the presence of medical indications, the doctor decides on surgical intervention. Removes melanoma by retreating from all edges of the tumor about 0.7 - 0.9 cm. It is more complicated when it comes to removing new formations on the face. A physician is required with minimal cosmetic damage to a person to perform manipulations.
As after the surgical rehabilitation, the patients are assigned creams that include immikvod. In this case, the patient is informed about some restrictions. Regardless of the complexity of the performed surgical intervention, the number of daily exposures should not exceed 2 times. The maximum duration of treatment is 90 days.
At the end of the term prescribed by the doctor, the patient undergoes a re-examination. Based on the results obtained, the doctor concludes how effective the course has been. If no noticeable therapeutic effect has been achieved, the necessary adjustments are made. Similarly, a doctor arrives if side effects are observed during treatment.
In most cases, therapy is conducted in the hospital walls.
Only in this case there is an opportunity to constantly monitor the health of the patient. If necessary, health workers have the opportunity to take emergency response measures aimed at reducing the clinical manifestations of a deadly disease of the skin.
5 The need to consider the concomitant factors of
Speaking about the life span of melanoma, doctors focus on two factors:
That's why a psychologist often joins a job. His goal is to help the patient to adequately perceive information and start a therapeutic course.