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Melanoma Skin: Life Forecasts, Stages

The development of a patient with melanoma skin, a life expectancy which largely depends on the effectiveness of the diagnosis and initiated treatment, is often ambiguous. If in some patients I or II stages can not change for years, then in others -

clinical picture is formed rather quickly. In order not to give the disease a chance, it is necessary to regularly undergo the examination, and if the misfortune still came - to seek medical help.

1 Formation of the clinical picture of

The life expectancy of a patient with an unfavorable diagnosis largely depends on the factors that provoked the disease. First and foremost, they are hereditary predisposition. If blood relatives have already had clinical manifestations at stages I-IV, then a person has a risk of developing the disease. Prophylactic treatment to a doctor will help to reduce the probability.

Melanoma Skin: Life Forecasts, Stages

We recommend that you familiarize yourself with

  • How to treat the basal cell on the face of
  • Signs of melanoma
  • What is the atheromy

Second place is the adverse environmental conditions - bad ecology at the place of residence or work. It is impossible to say with certainty today how much time it takes to go before a bad ecology provokes melanoma. At the same time, health professionals say with certainty that it is better to take preventive measures.

Constant physical and psychological stresses do not have the best effect on the work of the human immune system. The weaker the body, the more likely it is to become a victim of melanoma. That is why it is necessary to reduce to a lesser extent psycho-physical activity.

Regardless of the reasons that triggered the onset of melanoma, the physician should conduct an examination. His goal is to correctly identify the stage of the disease. Only after this can make a more or less accurate prediction of the duration of life.

2 Features of the diagnostic phase of the

During the diagnostic phase, the physician is looking for answers to several vital questions:

  • How deeply infiltrated the disease.
  • Characterize the size of the tumor, so you can pick up an adequate therapeutic course.
  • Melanoma Skin: Life Forecasts, Stages

    More or less accurate information on the part of the patient's life expectancy will give the doctor information about the localization of the oncology process.

  • How close did it come to the lymph nodes.
  • What is the probability of spread of inflammation to other areas.
  • When it comes to the II or chronic stage of the pathology, it is imperative for the doctor to check the nearby cells for the presence of cancer pathologies in them. The more precise a given study is, the less likely to tolerate metastasis.

    Emergency surgical intervention is indicated in the case when the tumor came close to the lymph nodes. The faster the patient is on the operating table, the more likely it will last his life. The following types of diagnostics can help you check the effectiveness of the operation:

    • blood test;
    • X-ray;
    • examination of the chest area;
    • liver function analysis;
    • scan of the brain;
    • bone scan.

    Melanoma Skin: Life Forecasts, Stages

    Each of the listed diagnostic procedures is sent simultaneously for 2 purposes. The oncologist needs to make sure that the tumor has not started to spread actively. If this is still happening, medical personnel are taking emergency response measures.

    It must be ensured that there is no patient with melanoma associated with the disease. Often, against the background of weakened immunity, inflammatory or infectious processes develop. The sooner the doctor will know about them, the more likely the patient will survive. In this case patients should understand that the direct prognosis depends on the diagnosed stage.

    3 Stages of Skin Disease Development

    Everything starts with 0 stages, when diagnosing the disease is possible only on the basis of the results of the survey. Extremely rare in the patient, small neoplasms that protrude beyond the skin can be observed. It is impossible to identify it individually. That's why you should not abandon the annual surveys. The disease develops according to the following pattern:

  • stage I - surgical intervention is shown. In addition to the melanoma itself, the removal of a part of healthy skin occurs. This is done to reduce the likelihood of metastasis. The more the primary tumor, the more healthy skin will have to remove the surgeon. The
  • stage II requires more surgical intervention. Regardless of the complexity of the clinical picture, a compulsory biopsy is performed. Its goal is to check whether the lymph nodes are located near the biopsy. In most cases, a patient is prescribed a course of injections to reduce the likelihood of recurrence. Interferon is prescribed as a rehabilitation therapy.
  • stage III - It is extremely difficult to make a positive outlook at this stage, but doctors do not advise to lower their hands. The introduction of innovative technologies can increase the life expectancy of the patient. In addition to removing the tumor, the lymph node is removed. Palliative therapy is used as an additional therapeutic agent. It is based on Interferon.
  • IV stage - often refers to the terminal stage due to advancing multiple complications. In addition to the formation of metastasis in the lymphatic system, the tumor affects nearby organs. If this could not be avoided, then all of them are removed surgically. As an additional therapeutic agent, biochemotherapy is used. In this case, patients are assigned a combination therapy with the use of several drugs. If they are picked up correctly, then it is possible to reduce the size of the tumor in the shortest possible time.
  • Melanoma Skin: Life Forecasts, Stages

    Patients should know that regardless of the stage of the disease, the tumor needs to be removed. If not done, the patient's life expectancy will not be significant. That is why it is worth abandoning the attempts of self-treatment and the services of charlatans, who offer without surgery to get rid of melanomas.

    4 Therapeutic course

    In the presence of medical indications, the doctor decides on surgical intervention. Removes melanoma by retreating from all edges of the tumor about 0.7 - 0.9 cm. It is more complicated when it comes to removing new formations on the face. A physician is required with minimal cosmetic damage to a person to perform manipulations.

    Melanoma Skin: Life Forecasts, Stages

    As after the surgical rehabilitation, the patients are assigned creams that include immikvod. In this case, the patient is informed about some restrictions. Regardless of the complexity of the performed surgical intervention, the number of daily exposures should not exceed 2 times. The maximum duration of treatment is 90 days.

    At the end of the term prescribed by the doctor, the patient undergoes a re-examination. Based on the results obtained, the doctor concludes how effective the course has been. If no noticeable therapeutic effect has been achieved, the necessary adjustments are made. Similarly, a doctor arrives if side effects are observed during treatment.

    In most cases, therapy is conducted in the hospital walls.

    Only in this case there is an opportunity to constantly monitor the health of the patient. If necessary, health workers have the opportunity to take emergency response measures aimed at reducing the clinical manifestations of a deadly disease of the skin.

    5 The need to consider the concomitant factors of

    Speaking about the life span of melanoma, doctors focus on two factors:

  • Physiological - the earlier the disease is diagnosed, the greater the likelihood of increasing life expectancy. There are many obvious clinical signs in melanoma that allow you to quickly notice the onset of pathological changes.
  • Psychological - not all doctors are in a hurry to voice the prediction of the patient's life expectancy in connection with the diagnosis. Among the doctors there is the opinion that the patient's knowledge of the remaining period of life does not have the best effect on his well-being. Not all can adequately perceive the information received.
  • That's why a psychologist often joins a job. His goal is to help the patient to adequately perceive information and start a therapeutic course.