Gliosis of the brain: causes, symptoms and treatment

Gliosis of the brain is not a diagnosis and is not an independent disease, but a consequence of disorders in the body, in particular, in its central nervous system, which caused the death of brain neurons. In addition, gliosis can occur with prolonged oxygen starvation of the brain, as well as in

resulting stroke.

Gliosis of the brain: causes, symptoms and treatment

This disorder usually accompanies any illness - for example, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, severe hypertension, or various inflammatory processes in the brain tissues, such as encephalitis, meningitis, and the like. Consider this phenomenon in more detail in this article to find out what it is and how this treatment process is applicable.


  • Glios: What is it?
  • Causes of Glioz
  • Is Treatment For Gliosis?
  • Is there an old age drug?

Gliosis: What is it?

First of all, let's look at the origin of the name of the brain's gliosis. Almost half of all cells in the nervous system are glial cells that closely interact with neurons.

Gliosis of the brain: causes, symptoms and treatment

Glial elements are needed to ensure that in the nervous tissue, without interruptions, metabolic processes occur, even in the event of any damage to the tissue or the occurrence of infections in it.

Glia is the support and foundation of cells that form the brain tissue, and also replace neurons in case of their death, performing their functions.

We list the main of these functions:

  • Support for metabolic processes;
  • Conduction of nerve signals;
  • Nerve tissue formation.

Gliosis is a phenomenon that is characterized by damage or dying of neurons in the brain, and is triggered in accordance with brain signals of these destruction.

This process can be correlated with the healing of the wound on the skin, only in the case of the brain, the replacement of some dead cells with other living organisms - is carried out in a special way, resulting less actively than the usual regenerating processes, for example, on damaged skin.

Gliosis not only replaces diseased and dead cells, but also protects healthy tissue, since the nerve tissue is a very fragile structure. Whether a person has this disease, its size and location can tell the results of such research as MRI( magnetic resonance imaging).

In this case, the doctor can determine with the highest accuracy the degree and size of the glious. This exact value directly depends on the ratio of healthy cells of the nerve tissue and a large number of glial cells.

Thus, the size of the gliosis of the brain is equal to the volume of healed disorders in the human body. Nature does not tolerate emptiness somewhere, and if necessary, it is able to replace some of the missing elements with others, more viable.

It should not be forgotten that the conclusion of MRI about the presence of a gliosis can not be a final diagnosis and a sentence. Careful examination and clinical examination should be performed in order to make a person diagnosed with such a phenomenon. Also, the doctor finds out the duration of the disease, which is accompanied by gliosis of the brain.

Gliosis most often appears to have been detected by chance during the review, since clinically it may not be detected at all in a patient suffering from any pathology. At home, brain gliosis is also virtually impossible to diagnose.

For the examination of the body and the further receipt of the medical conclusion, it will be necessary to consult specialists who will be able to determine precisely why specific causes of this violation of brain function may occur.

Causes of

Gliosis Among the causes that may affect the onset of gliosis of the brain, the following factors can be distinguished:

  • Reduced blood circulation;
  • Hypoxemia;
  • Anemia;
  • Injuries of various nature, sores and other tissue damage;
  • Hypoglycemia;
  • Brain edema.

Locations in the body in which the distributed glial cells are deposited are called gliosis cells. Depending on their location, the types of gliosis are:

  • Diffuse, in which the focuses of the gliosis are located in the spinal cord and the brain;
  • Perivascular - the fibers are formed around the scleroderma;
  • Anisomorphic, in which the glial fibers are chaotic;
  • Marginal - the place of distribution of fibers is the parabolic region of the brain;
  • Isomorphic. In this case, the fibers are arranged in the correct way.

In addition, the focus of the gliosis of the brain can appear in a single copy. The reason for its origin is, as a rule, the presence in the patient's history of arterial hypertension, in which the body may have hypertension.

It is important not to miss the appearance of those features that will suggest that the brain is developing a phenomenon like gliosis.

The following symptoms of gliosis of the brain are most pronounced:

  • The disappearance of swallow reflex, as well as visual and hearing in newborn infants;
  • Frequent headaches in adults;
  • Appearance by the court;
  • Sudden pressure drop;
  • Paralysis of the body or its individual parts.

Is Gliosis Treatable?

Glycosis of the brain, unfortunately, is an irreversible phenomenon with which modern medical technologies are not yet able to cope. The reason for the incontinence of gliosis is that the destroyed neurons, the role of which begin to perform glia, die irrevocably and can not be restored.

In addition, gliosis is an accompanying complication of any illness of the nervous system, which is often not fully cured. However, a disease that can not be cured, it is quite possible to halt development.

To some extent, the treatment of such a concomitant phenomenon of any disease, such as gliosis, may be due to any effective treatment of the cause of this illness. When eliminating these reasons, it is possible to stop the emergence of new centers of gliosis and thereby save the body from causing him irreparable damage.

The good news is that, although it is impossible to cure the brain and it can not be cured, nevertheless, there are ways to prevent the possibility of its appearance.

Here are some simple rules that you should know to prevent gliosis:

  • You need to switch to a healthy lifestyle;
  • Regularly visit a medical facility in order for the doctor to be able to track the course of the disease, thus preventing the occurrence of any complications;
  • Eat healthy foods and, mainly, nullify the presence in the diet of fatty foods, the components of which cause degradation and death of brain neurons, adversely affecting the state of the body as a whole.

A coherent implementation of these rules will make it possible to avoid the onset of brain gliosis. To all of the above is worth adding another sad fact.

It is currently known that gliosis is a genetic pathology that can develop into a child before it comes to light. Thus, there are situations in which the formation of this phenomenon in the human body can not even be prevented.

Doctors, after discovering in a diagnosis of ultrasound the danger of such a complication in the development of the child as brain glysis together with other one or more diseases of the central nervous system, in most cases recommend the interruption of such pregnancy.

In addition, in some children, the processes of gliosis of the brain are triggered in the event of various kinds of birth trauma at birth.

Is there anti-aging medicine?

Recently, during the research work of the Russian scientist Art. Zuyeva from the Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology revealed an interesting fact. It turns out that neurons die not only under the influence of excessive consumption of human fatty food, but also as a result of aging of the body.

Gliosis of the brain: causes, symptoms and treatment

In particular, the scientist performed the following experience: took a small amount of serum from the blood of an elderly person and added it to glial cells. These cells began to grow rapidly in serum, replacing the missing neurons in it.

The scientist concluded that with the lifespan of the human body fewer and fewer neurons come to the place where glial elements arrive, resulting in a brain structure becoming spongy. This explains the emergence of such symptoms of old age as:

  • Weakness;
  • memory impairment;
  • Slow reaction;
  • Coordination Issues.

At the same time, as noted by V. Zuyev, glia can cause death of neurons under the influence of a certain substance on them, the nature, composition and origin of which have not yet been established. The influence of the same substance, according to the scientist, causes and uncontrolled increase in the number of glial cells in the blood.

This assumption was based on experiments conducted with laboratory mice. Extract of the brain of old mice scientist introduced into the brain of small targets, and in the latter there were all signs of premature aging.

It is possible to assume that, having completed the experiments and determining the composition of the substance that kills the nerve cells, scientists will be able to develop a medicine that will help treat people from old age.