Tracheitis: Symptoms and Treatment in Children
- 12 Sep 12:45
Those who believe that any cough is treated equally, probably never been ill. A painful cough that holds the throat has an insidious property: if it is wrong or not timely, it falls to the bronchi and can lead to more serious forms of the disease. Asdistinguish tracheitis from other respiratory diseases, what are its signs and methods of treatment, we will understand together.
1. What is tracheitis
2. Symptoms of tracheitis in children
3. Forms of tracheitis in children
4. Features of the tracheitis in children until the year
5. Causes of tracheitis in children
6. Diagnosis of tracheitis in children
7. MethodsTreatment of Tracheitis in Children
8. Instead of Conclusion
What Is The Tracheitis
A tracheitis is a commonly known upper respiratory tract infection that can affect any baby and the elderly. However, children are more likely to be exposed to it, as they are more likely to be exposed to a viral infection. The virus can wake up and begin to progress even from a seemingly petty, chest-fever.
So what is a tracheitis. Tracheitis is an inflammation, which is concentrated in the trachea area, has an acute and chronic nature of the course of the disease. Inflammatory process can develop as an independent disease, and extending to other departments of respiratory organs.
The tube, separated from the bottom in the opposite side, through which air enters us with inspiration, connects the larynx with the bronchi and is called a trachea. And her inflammation of the mucosa - thus, the tracheitis.
Symptoms of tracheitis in children
It is not easy to recognize a tracheitis at home, so the child should be immediately shown to an experienced pediatrician or a qualified specialist if he started coughing. But in order for parents to be fully equipped, they need to remember a few typical symptoms of the disease.
The main indicator is cough. It has its own characteristics: the
- during a cough, a child experiences chest pain that persists and calms down slowly until the next attack;
- is basically not a wet cough, it is difficult for a child to cough;
- cough character - thoracic, deep, with noisy;
- cough with low sound( this type of cough is also called "barking");
- usually cough occurs when deep breathing, during night and day sleep, running, emotional disturbances, laughter and crying;The
- cough begins with short coughing and sneezing in the throat, gradually gaining momentum, becomes a powerful attack, which is sometimes difficult to stop;
- for trachea is characterized by whistling breathing;
- usually, in the first 3-4 days of an attack, is long and heavy, and then gradually decreases and completely subsides.
But this does not mean that coughing goes on its own, just the inflammatory process drops down through the tube to the bronchi and goes into another form of the disease that has other characteristic symptoms.
Forms of tracheitis in children
In medical practice, there are several forms of tracheitis.
As any acute viral disease, the trachea occurs when the nasal mucous membrane contacts the infection. Acute tracheitis is characterized by increased swelling of the mucous membrane of the trachea. This leads to the fact that when coughing mucus allocates a liquid, with which the body tries to "clear" of the virus. But its appearance is associated with the emergence of cough, dry, painful, "barking".There is dryness and discomfort in the throat. Not infrequently in children, acute tracheitis is accompanied by an increase in temperature. This form of trachea, as a rule, is combined with inflammation of the throat and rhinitis.
In the chronic form there is the same dry cough, periodically repeated, the voice becomes low and courageous, night attacks are more frequent. Often the chronic form of the disease is accompanied by nasal congestion. This increase in body temperature is not observed, but sometimes its rates can rise to subfebrile values.
Allergic Tracheitis is characterized by pronounced swelling of the mucous membrane of the trachea and hyperemia. The child is tormented with itching, pricking in the throat, not even deep sighs causing cough attacks. The disease may be accompanied by a slight increase in body temperature and the accumulation of sputum in the respiratory tract.
The accumulation of sputum in the respiratory tract has negative consequences. Sputum is an enabling environment for the development and function of pathogens in the lungs and bronchi. If the sputum is not removed from the respiratory tract, then products of bacterial life will soon lead to the development of bronchitis, pneumonia( pneumonia), pleurisies and other diseases of the respiratory system.
During cough attacks, children often complain about temperature, headache, wheezing, weakness and burning in the chest, lack of appetite and urge to vomit. If parents recognize most of these symptoms, you can not put things in a long box, but you should react quickly by asking your doctor to confirm or deny the diagnosis.
Peculiarities of tracheitis in children by the year
Particular attention should be paid to the mother of an infant. In the presence of suspicious night coughing, accelerated breathing and voiding of voice during crying, inability to cough sputum and insufficiency of breathing, the infant's parents should immediately seek medical attention.
Tracheitis in children up to one year is similar to that of adults in tracheitis, but it only proceeds heavier and often only in acute form with an increase in body temperature to rather high marks.
Symptoms of tracheitis in infants include:
- anaphylactic night cough, accompanied by respiratory depression;
- development of prolonged cough attacks with desire for vomiting.
The disease develops when a viral infection occurs and is accompanied by non-life and laryngitis.
Causes of Tracheitis in Children
Aggressive virus or bacteria, entering into the airways, settle on the epithelium of the mucous membrane of the trachea. To escape the trachea, the following factors, which are not healthy for the child, may occur:
- frequent and / or prolonged stay of the child in a poorly hydrated toothpicks( in order to avoid this, pediatricians recommend use in children and in the premises where the child is most often, humidifiers);
- for prolonged inhalation of cold air( for example, when overheating during a bad weather walks);
- overcooling and allergy;
- Heart Pathology;
- Smoking parents in one room with a child;
- bad ecology, etc.
Infectious tracheitis can be caused by influenza, influenza A, enterovirus and adenovirus, pneumococcal sticks, measles and pertussis.
Parents are often considered to be the cause of the onset of tracheitis in infants after vaccination with ACPP.In fact, they must understand that vaccination does not infect children, but in order to develop immunity. The introduction into the body of the baby of the vaccine against the pertussis allows him to develop his own antibodies to the infection and, if he is ill, in a very mild form. In all other cases, vaccination is not the cause of infectious diseases. Another thing that vaccines only healthy children, from the moment of illness infectious diseases which lasted no less than 1 month( from the moment of recovery).
If the tracheitis is not an infectious( chronic) type, then the reasons for its appearance include the following:
- sharp drops of too hot dry and low cold air;
- air filled with chemical vapors that the child breathes;
- is a constant contamination of allergens in the baby's body.
As with any other disease in the absence of proper treatment of acute tracheitis, it can go into chronic form. One of the main causes of the disease may be the appearance of infection in the oral cavity - stomatitis and caries.
Diagnosis of tracheitis in children
Diagnosis a tracheitis doctor by questioning parents and the child about cough, chest examination and listening, as well as conducting general tests of blood and urine in the presence of high temperature and sputum analysis. If the child has an allergy, then they consider an allergic tracheitis, detecting an allergen. Based on the results of the tests and history, a diagnosis and treatment are prescribed.
Methods of treatment of tracheitis in children
Having established the exact diagnosis of tracheitis, the pediatrician appoint a complex of specially selected measures. These include medical, physiotherapeutic and folk methods.
Before starting treatment for tracheitis in children, consult a pediatrician as to the appropriateness of the use of one or another plant component. Incorrect preparation of the recipe or incorrect dosage selection can cause allergy in the baby and increase the disease.
In case of tracheitis, the child is prescribed different inhalations using solutions of antiseptic action and inhalation procedures with a special solution. Antibiotics at trachea usually try not to appoint, if usually the disease is not bacterial nature. If the disease has complicated( bronchitis, the initial stage of pneumonia and other bacterial complications) then it is necessary to take broad-spectrum antibiotics. They are used relatively short-term course, but necessarily until the moment a dry cough passes into the wet.
The maximum effort is added to eliminate dry cough, or more precisely it is converted into a form with sputum separation. That is why cough syrups are often prescribed with licorice root or thoracic collection, medicines for rarefaction and sputum removal( for example, ACC, Ambrobene, Lazolvan), plus all other antiviral agents( Kagocel, Viferon, Arbidol) and strengthen immunity( vitamins, ascorbic acidacid, immunomodulators).
It is very effective and convenient to use a nebulizer for the treatment of tracheitis in children. It provides the correct and rapid entry of drugs into the required area of injury, in this case, the trachea.
Treatment at home is strictly prohibited, but to somewhat facilitate the general condition it is recommended that you often drink plenty of warm teas with raspberry, lemon and milk, or give milk to butter and honey, cook herbal decoctions of lime, sage, mint, chamomile, plantain. These easy easy manipulations are a good way to quickly escape sputum.
From the first days of the disease, rubbing the chest area with balsams of the type "Doctors Mom" and "Zyrochka", and goose and borage fats, which must be carried out each time, necessarily one at night. Warm wrap and use of mustarders in the absence of high temperatures. Excellent help is the hot baths for legs with mustard, but for children older than five years. But the inhalation is done not earlier than three days after the disease.
Other symptoms of tracheitis are usually treated with antipyretics in the form of syrup and powders( Paracetamol, Nurofen), nasal congestion with vasoconstrictive drops in severe non-appetite and rinsing of the nasal sinuses. To feed a baby small in small portions on demand, but if the child does not have an appetite, it is better not to insist. An ill organism is rarely in need of high nutrition. The main thing during the illness is drinking lots of food, and offer the baby fruit, light soups, porridge.
Adhering to the simple rules of hygiene of the room for the children's room and at home, in general, frequent outdoor walks, close attention to the child's health and timely response - this is the guarantee of disease prevention and successful treatment.
Instead of Conclusion
We really hope that our information will now help mothers determine their child's coughing nature and character on their own. But, it should also be recalled that self-treatment in childhood diseases is highly unacceptable, and before giving the child either the medicine and the need for it, it is necessary to clarify in the pediatrician which drugs are necessary for the child in each particular case. Well, of course, take care of the temperament of your children, follow the preventive rules, and then the tracheitis will not be your baby's companion in the autumn-winter periods.