Geranium: home-grown care and cultivar
- 12 Sep 11:30
Pelargonium, or, as everyone is accustomed to call her, geranium, can be found in virtually every home. This plant is valued for its unpretentious nursing and ease of reproduction. There is a huge number of types of pelargonium. Sometimes, to give the flower refinement, the mistressgrow several species of geranium at one time in one pot - when colored blooms come out. Flowers of this plant are quite large in size and have a rich color. Care of geranium at home is very simple and does not require much time. But even such an unpretentious and enduring plant requires that it be properly looked after.
This article contains the basic information about how to properly care for Geranium, that it would please you with its beauty all year round.
- 1 We provide growing conditions for
- 2 Maintenance of
- 2.1 Video "Geranium. Care and Reproduction »
Provide Growth Conditions for
Before you buy a flower, you should consider how to care for the flower. An individual approach is very important when growing any home plant. Very often what suits a single flower may harm another. First of all, you need to figure out which geranium care is good at home.
The plant really likes good lighting, and unlike other colors, it is not afraid of direct sunlight. But it is recommended at the very peak of the activity of the sun( at noon), the geranium is still cleaned from direct rays to avoid burns. The first sign by which one can determine that the light is not enough - the leaves lose their saturated color and dim;In this case, you can forget about the flowering. It is best to place a pot with a pelargonium on the southern sunny windowsill. If you put the geranium outdoors in the summer, then pick up a closed place for her, since she does not like the wind and drafts a lot.
Geranium likes warmth, it will be ideal if the temperature falls within a range of + 18- + 20 degrees. In the winter, it's possible to slightly lower the temperature, but make sure it does not drop below +10 degrees. All florists claim that it is not at all demanding humidity. It equally quietly tolerates dry and moist. Spraying the leaves of the pelargonium is also not worth it, it will only cause harm. Just keep track of the soil moisture, and that will be enough.
Transplant is often not needed, it can be every 2-3 years, it all depends on the growth of the root system. Rules for pelargonium transplantation are simple. First you have to choose a suitable flower pot. In this case, the principle "the bigger the pot does not work, the better the plant feels in it."The roots of geraniums will grow until they completely fill your chosen capacity, but there will not be any flowers on it. In containers of small sizes, geranium feels most comfortable, blooms very intensively, and the flowers look very healthy and strong. Therefore, it is better to choose a medium sized pot. Ideal will be the diameter of 12-15 cm and 12 cm - height. Placing in one bowl can immediately several bushes of the plant. Then you will not need to worry that you can rotate the roots due to the wrong irrigation schedule, and the pelargonium itself will blossom with beautiful and bright colors.
Before choosing the material of the pot it is necessary to pay attention very carefully. The variety is huge, both in terms of material and price. But experts advise not to save on this and choose a pot of natural materials. A pot of burnt clay is right. The more economical option is plastic pots. They can also be used, but in this case, care for geranium needs more careful, especially to watch watering closely, because in them the soil dries much slower, and this can lead to rotting the roots.
At different periods of time for home geraniums care is different. From the beginning of spring and till the end of summer, when watering, it is necessary to add some phosphorus-based fertilizers to the water, it has a beneficial effect on flowering.
Note that the fertilizer should have a minimum percentage of nitrogen, otherwise the pelargonium may cease to blossom. In the warm season, experts advise, if there is such an opportunity, to take Geranium to the street for the whole day. Flower requires good lighting. Sometimes, after being in the sun, geranium leaves slightly change their shade and become light pink;There is nothing terrible about this, it's a natural reaction to sunlight. Plants are suitable for slight fluctuations in the temperature of the air - it even contributes to the growth of geraniums.
In order to make the geranium happy with your beauty all year round, it is very important to have proper care in the winter. The plant can be safely removed from the window sills and put in a dark place, as far away as possible from the heating devices. The main thing is that the air temperature is lower than 12 degrees. To fertilize the land in the winter is not necessary. Almost always, for the winter, geranium drops its flowers, this is a normal phenomenon. If the plant successfully survived the winter, and for the Geranium waste was correct, then from March and until August the flower will intensively bloom.
The soil selection plays a very important role in the question "How to care for a flower?".It is best to buy a ready-made substrate in a specialized store, it will contain all the nutrients for your favorite. But if there is no such opportunity, then you can cook yourself. The main thing is that the mixture has enough nutritious inclusions. A very good mix of peat, sand and garden or garden soil. Do not forget to place a good drainage, for example, from expanded clay when transferring a flower to the bottom of the pot. It well prevents rotting of the roots. A couple of times a month, the ground in the pot needs to be loosened so that fresh air comes to the roots. Remember that properly selected soil is a major component in the care of geranium.
As already mentioned, Geranium care is very simple and does not require much time. It is only necessary to know a few rules of proper care, and if they comply with the plant will please you year-round. Pelargonium refers to drought-tolerant plants. For her, more comfortable drought than excessive humidity, due to which roots rot. But if you allow a strong drying of the soil, then flowers may disappear. If the room is warm, then watering can be done every day, but make sure that the top layer of soil is well dried up. If he does not have time to dry up - cut watering 2-3 times a week. Signs of excessive watering will be visible at once: sluggish sluggish leaves, which are sometimes covered with mold. If you do not pay attention to it in time, you can lose the geranium.
In the beginning of spring, Geranium care should be more thorough than at other times of the year. At this time the plant wakes up after wintering and a very important circumcision procedure. To do this, remove dead leaves, leave no more than 5 kidneys per shoemaker. If new shoots grow from leafy sinuses, but not from the root, then they need to be removed. Trimming should only be in the spring. If you decide to do this in the winter, it can adversely affect your flower. If in the spring you have lost time, and pruning is necessary, it is possible to do it in the early fall. Remember that pruning helps to give your plant a beautiful look, but instead it will please you with even more plentiful flowering.
You should never forget about this aspect of care as a rejuvenation of your flower. Geranium is very fond of various mineral and organic additives. When geranium is in the stage of active flowering, it is necessary to add fertilizers based on phosphorus and potassium into the water. With these additives, your flower will always look healthy and well-groomed. Also, a very good dressing can be considered iodine water( 1 drop of iodine per 1 liter of water).
If you will properly care for the flower, it in turn will please your eye with beautiful flowers, and the smell of a pleasant smell.
Video «Geranium. Care and Reproduction »
This video briefly reviews the different types of pelargonium and gives general tips for reproduction and care.