Headache in children and infants: causes, symptoms and treatment
- 10 Sep 23:15
It is believed that adults suffer from headache only. This idea is false, children are also prone to migraine attacks and headaches. Headaches in children due to various reasons may vary as they grow older, if this is a neurodegenerative disease.
A newborn baby can not tell what is worrying about her. This complicates the process of treatment and diagnosis. Therefore, it is very important at this age to undergo a complete examination and to exclude brain disease or pathology in the development of the child. Treatment at any age should appoint a doctor and choose medications.
- For children from 3 to 7 years of age
- Children of school age
- Common causes of headache in children
- Headache disruption of
- Headache disorder by folk remedies
- Headache prevention of children
Headache attacksinfants are a frequent phenomenon, but are complicated by incorrect diagnosis. The child is still very small and simply can not express their complaints and feelings. Very often the reason is the period of adaptation after birth to the outside world.
It may take a few weeks for the duration. During this period, pressure is stabilized and the cerebrospinal fluid will no longer affect the shape of the cranial box.
At this age, headaches that are caused by pathology of development are very common. Occupy such attacks can be diseases of the central nervous system, improper development of brain tissues, skull bones, tumors. In order to correctly determine how an attack begins, it is necessary to observe the child, his behavior.
If headaches appear from excessive pressure, they can provoke their change in body position, during massage, or from abrupt changes in the climate and weather conditions. This may include the following symptoms:
- frequent tearfulness;
- general lethargy;
- children are often rattled;
- shudders for no apparent reason;
- tries to throw its head back.
Pay attention to the size of the head, if it seems to you a great look for a specialist, such a sign can speak of increased pressure. At the same time the child is restlessly asleep;possible convulsions, muscles are always tense. The vessels are visible on the head, the source is enlarged and can not be closed for a long time. In difficult cases, there may even be differences in skull bone joints.
If you have such signs, be sure to contact a pediatrician. It may be necessary to consult a narrow expert - an ophthalmologist, a neurologist. Very often a full survey is conducted and the child leaves for several days in the hospital. The modern method of neurosonography allows you to examine the brain through an ultrasound.
Only the field for diagnosis will appoint a course of treatment. It can have a positive effect on massage and swimming. Medicines are used according to age, in very complex cases, surgical intervention is required.
For children from 3 to 7 years of age
For children from three to seven years of age, headache attacks occur for various reasons. But at this age they can already express their complaints and tell about feelings.
In any colds, there is a side effect in the form of headache, fever, dizziness, and general feeling of well-being may occur.
Try to ask the child how and after which an attack may begin. It is not necessary for a child to give pills very often, they can be used in rare cases, to relieve the pain and then consult a physician.
In many cases of headache attacks in children it is enough to ventilate the room or bring the baby out to the street. Turn off the TV or loud music. Check how long your child is at the computer.
Recommended time no more than two to three hours a day. The cause of headache attacks can be fatigue and over-stress. In this process, the organs of hearing and vision can participate. A pain attack begins unexpectedly and the child can begin to cheer, cry for no apparent reason.
Pay special attention if your child got a head injury or just hit it. After injury itself in a state of shock, children may not feel pain, and after a while attacks will begin. This can happen in a few months, so be sure to check your baby after injuries or head injuries.
At this age, the child should sleep at least two hours in the afternoon. When refusal from daytime sleep may begin to show nervousness, the central nervous system may develop incorrectly.
The pediatrician prescribes a comprehensive examination of the body to identify the cause of headache attacks and only then proceeds to treatment. Very often, the causes of headache are complex diseases that require some treatment and attacks are manifested as a side effect.
In practice, there are cases when children complain of headache from hunger or, conversely, excessive eating. Therefore, the diet should be complete, in which vegetables and fruits, dairy products or lean meat and fish will be present.
Children of school age
This age is associated with many processes that occur directly in the child's body and adaptation to the outside world. Such changes are due to the possibility of a large number of stress - this is due to the training.
During this period, the child reacts very emotionally to everything that is happening and peer relationships. In this regard, the nervous system does not always withstand the load and may begin to attack headaches.
Excess emotion appears due to changes in hormonal background. It is during this period that there is sexual maturation. Therefore, the body can react very violently.
Because of the high mental load in an institution, fatigue may occur and headaches will start in the process of performing a homework or during long-term work at a computer. In order to reduce this possibility you can take "Iodomarine", potassium and calcium in combination with vitamin A.
Doctors believe that girls are more responsive to everything that happens and their nervous system is more vulnerable. Therefore, try to establish contact with your child and build a trusting relationship.
At this age, there may be a sharp drop in blood pressure. This is affected by the sharp change in climate and the change of weather. This worsens the general state of health. In this case, one must necessarily teach the child to adhere to the regime of the day, enter the diet healthy and healthy, and arrange it so that he can stay in the fresh air for about two hours a day.
The onset of an attack may be due to an allergic reaction or not perception by the body of any product or spice. It is very important in this situation to detect this substance and abandon it.
Attacks can go by themselves. In such a situation, self-medication is prohibited and medicines can only be taken after diagnosis and by the appointment of a doctor.
In adolescence, the disorderly use of drugs is unacceptable because other organs and systems of the body can suffer. Such an effect badly affects the state of health and leads to chronic diseases.
Common causes of headache in children
Headaches in children begin because of:
- over-stress and fatigue;
- Climate Change and Weather;
- Blood Pressure Drops;
- changes in hormonal background;
- stress situation;
- chronic and complicated diseases;
- formed tumors;
- pathologies in the development of organs and their systems.
Almost all causes are very similar to the appearance of headache attacks in adults. But headache in children can lead to more serious consequences due to the formation and growth of the whole body.
The central nervous system has not yet strengthened and excessive irritability may begin, with fatigue headache attacks can be quite lengthy and affect overall quality of life. The body of the child is undergoing certain stresses and becomes puberty, so it requires a special approach and attention.
In the process of forming a child it is necessary to create the most comfortable and favorable conditions for it to be formed physically and was adapted in society, learned to cope with stressful situations and lead a healthy lifestyle. In case of any injuries, it is imperative to examine the child completely in order to avoid the development of serious diseases and pathological development.
If a child complains of a headache, his diet should be balanced and healthy. Instruct him to take food several times a day a little. Try as much as possible to cook roasted, salted, smoked. Do not feed the baby with foods that contain nutritional supplements and preservatives.
Ensure that your child does not overfill chocolate, drink strong tea and coffee. These products in large quantities can cause headache attacks. Be sure to teach your child to do the exercises, every day, or do sports. A healthy lifestyle is a good prevention of various diseases and can help to avoid headache attacks.
In childhood and adolescence, bad habits can develop, and this will have a very negative effect on overall health, education and selected hobbies. Teach your child the right way of life and attitude to their health.
Removal of headache by drugs
It should be remembered that treatment is possible only after determining the cause of the attack. For this, be sure to check the baby and fulfill all the appointments of a doctor. Try to figure it out for yourself, after which an attack begins, you can start a diary and record his feelings.
This is especially true in cases where a child may experience side effects in the form of vomiting, nosebleeds, dizziness in headaches. If necessary, make the child examine the brain, the vascular system and get advice from narrow specialists.
Medicines and their dosages are prescribed by the doctor. With strong pain feelings you can give the child an analgesic pill - half or quarter from the whole, it all depends on age. Such actions can be done independently only in extreme cases. At the same time possible use of "Paracetamol", "Acetyl salicylic acid", "Domperidone".
It is not recommended to give pills or other medicines at the age of three years without consulting a physician. In the treatment of infections, it is imperative that you take the correct medications, but the side effect of the disease and the way you treat may be a metabolic disorder.
As a result, there is general weakness, vomiting and headache. In this case, it is necessary to refuse the medications and review the general approach to treatment. At the beginning of taking medications, make sure that the child has no allergies to any of the ingredients that are present in the medication.
In acute manifestations, it is urgent to bring the child to the hospital. In complex diseases it is necessary to treat the root cause and the attacks of the headache will pass on their own. Pay special attention to prophylactic measures to achieve long remission and complete recovery.
Removing headaches by folk remedies
Such measures can help you to prevent a child from headaches and not to harm his health. However, you still need to get advice from a doctor, especially if it concerns infancy. Removing an attack will be effective if you know the exact cause.
In case of overfatitution and excessive strain, the child needs to rest, walk in the street or simply sleep. After that the body will renew its forces and the attack will be. If your child is suffering from migraine attacks, especially with an aura, protect him from possible irritants and attacks will become rare, and may even go through.
In case of improper operation of the vascular system and abrupt pressure drop, make the baby massage the head and neck. Carefully massage the entire surface of the head, forehead, whiskey with the tips of your fingers. If the child is old enough to teach him to do it on his own.
Explain to him how dangerous it is to spend the whole day on a computer and a TV or experiment in a week without a computer. He will have headache attacks and he can begin to independently adjust his time to stay behind him. Recommended for a day not more than two to three hours.
Teach your child to drink herbal teas or broths, but before doing this, be sure to consult a doctor that can be used by your child at a certain age.
To maintain the immunity of the child in the right tone, you can apply hardening of the body, but to educate the child to this need to be gradual, so as not to be cold. Wet in the beginning hands and feet with cool water, gradually, over time lowering its temperature.
When a child can easily transfer this procedure, you can move on to other parts of the body. In the presence of chronic diseases, any procedure without consulting a doctor is unacceptable.
Probably an attack with head compresses. Wash the towel with cool or warm water and tie it on your head to avoid falling. A twenty or thirty minutes should begin to be relaxed. In this case, it is better to put the child in bed or put in a comfortable chair.
Headache Prevention for Children
Encourage your child to have a healthy lifestyle from birth. This approach to education helps you avoid many diseases. These include headache attacks.
If your children will stick to the day's regime, prefer healthy food, exercise, harden, and walk in the fresh air - his immunity will be in good condition and will be able to protect the body from infection.
In this case it is not necessary to engage in sports professionally or to attend a section, enough to make a charge every morning - it will take ten or fifteen minutes.
A very good preventive measure is hardening. This will help your child in his later life and not only avoid colds, but also survive stressful situations.
Encourage your child not to sit for days at your computer or at least take a break. When preparing a homework, you need to be at the desk and keep your back flat.
From curvature of the spine can begin not only headaches, but also develop various complicated diseases of blood vessels of the blood system. Many children can watch TV for hours - it also badly affects the work of the vessels and can lead to migraine attacks.
Try to feed your child with vegetables, fruits, low-fat meat and fish. In childhood, it is not recommended to drink tea and coffee, especially strong. When migraine attacks should completely exclude the effects of irritable factors. Try to figure out how the attack is taking place and protect it from them.
It is very important that the child can do all your advice on your own and treat it very seriously. This approach will help to achieve a long remission period and will be able to relieve it of headache attacks.
If the cause of headache attacks is a trauma or a complicated disease, it is necessary to coordinate all preventive measures with the doctor. In such situations, any physical activity, massage may be prohibited.
So be sure to explain to your child what he can do and what is not. There is no definite time for the implementation of preventive measures, everything will depend on your body.
Headaches in children can be at any age from the very birth. Reasons for having children can be similar to the causes of adult attacks. But the body of the child is not yet strong and on this background may begin a complicated disease.
Headaches may appear after birth and will continue until the baby's body adapts to the environment. But under certain conditions, attacks can come back. In order to prevent such manifestations necessarily need to examine the child and find out the reason for their appearance.
Treatment can be used with medicines and folk remedies, but only after consultation with the doctor and under his supervision. Pay special attention to the means of prevention and your child will forever forget about headache attacks.