Quince treeDescription of the fruit of quince. Flowering shrubs of quince on the photo
- 10 Sep 10:02
Ivy( or Cydonia) - a tree of the species deciduous or handicrafts from the family of Rose, brings fruit, and is considered from a decorative culture. Some say that this tree was born in the Caucasus. But there is an opinion that Ivey's homeland is North Iran or Asia Minor.
This tree loveslight. Consequently, the more a plant is blinded by sunlight, the more it will bring the fruit. Sufficiently resistant to drought, and also resistant to abundant prolonged moisture. It grows on clayey, and on sandy soil. The maximum height for quince is considered to be 7 meters. This tree lives from 30 to 50 years old. There are several options for planting such a tree: cuttings, seeds, grafts, and also root plots.
A general description of the quince tree
Quince is a small tree or shrub. Usually the height is from 1.5 to 4 meters. Rarely, quince, which reached 7 meters high. Diameter of barrel is about 50 sm. The branches of the shrub are covered with bark, which is constantly expanded. Branches that are younger, brownish-gray hue.
Since the barrel usually grows under a slope, it is necessary to tune the shrub so that it does not fall to the ground. The difference is the quince from other trees in a fairly thick, dark gray color of the edge of the trunk and shoots.
Ivy has a very interesting form of oval or ovoid leaves, leaf vertices can be sharpened and dull, usually up to 12 cm in length, and up to 7.5 cm in width. The color of the leaves is green, slightly grayish on the bottom.
How to bloom and smell quince
Blossoms quince from May to June. The flowering usually lasts about three weeks. The flowers are quite large, the diameter is slightly less than 6 cm. The flowers are white, or bright pink, in the middle of yellow stamens, their stems are lowered down. Flowers are dissolved after the leaves appear. Due to the late flowering, Ivy is not afraid of frost, and every year it brings fruit. In any garden Ivy would be a great decoration, because the flowers cover the tree completely, almost clinging. This can be called a decorative tree.
Ivy breeds from September to October. Fruit of round shape, similar to pear or apple. At first, when the fruit is not fully ripened, it is slightly pubescent, and the ripe fruit - absolutely smooth.
The color of the fruit - yellow, closer to the lemon, in some varieties there is a light flush. Quince stuff is hard, not juicy, tart with sweet flavor. Weight of one fruit can be from 100 to 400 grams, from one hectare of cultivated varieties can be collected up to 50 tons of crop. If the quince is wild, then the fruits of it are small, weighing up to 100 grams. From one tree, maximum 10 fruits.
Aiva has an original aroma - a feature of which is the presence of enanthier and pelargonium ethers. The aroma of the mature quince is similar to the sour apple, and also the smell of flowers, spices.
About quince seeds
In the middle of the fetus are so-called "pockets", only five of them. The layer is their parchment, inside the brown stones. On top of quince seeds there is a skin with a white matte film, which is 20% composed of a well-swollen mucus. In the future, this mucus can be used in textiles and medicine. Due to glycosides, amygdala, the stones in quince slightly smell of bitter almonds.
Ivy has a fairly wide root system. Vertical roots deeper into the soil no more than 1 m. There are roots that grow horizontally. Most of the roots are close enough to the surface of the soil, so the tree can be transplanted without fear of damage to it. But at the same time, it is necessary to do extremely careful soil treatment.
Ivy starts to bear fruit for about 3-5 years of life, and in the next 20 years it also breeds quite actively. In general, the tree lives up to 50 years.
The history of the appearance of the
fruit Ivy is a fairly ancient tree that has been known to mankind for about 4,000 years. Tree is from the Caucasus. Later on Ivy became known in Asia Minor, in Rome and Ancient Greece. A little later, quince appeared on o. Crete, where, according to historians, the tree has its name. According to the legend of the ancient Greeks, Ivy was taken for the golden apple that Paris raised to the goddess Aphrodite. Fruit with a sticky and sweet taste was considered a symbol of love, marriage and marriage.
Melon Kudaion - Ive called the ancient Greeks. Already after Greece, Ivy learned in Italy. The famous writer Pliny describes six varieties of this tree. From its descriptions it became known that the fruit is used not only as food for people, but also has medicinal properties. Everyone known to Apitsio in his cooking book describes a dessert recipe that contains quince.
In the East it is commonly believed that quince is a symbol of health, purity. A Avicenna in his writings wrote that the plant has a beneficial effect on the heart, as well as on digestion. Already in the XIV century Ivy began to appear in Europe, after which in other countries this fruit became known. Wild shrubs can be found more often in the Caucasus, as well as in Asia Minor and Iran. A plant grows near water bodies, or at the foot of the mountains. A more fruitful quince on the territory of Russia is the Caucasus, as well as the Krasnodar Territory. In Europe, quince is considered a decorative plant.
How to grow and suffers quince
It is very good to inoculate pears on quince. In the future, such saplings are quite resistant to drought. Ivy is rather unpretentious. It can stay for a long time without watering, and is also resistant to excess moisture. In the near future, it is planned to create a hybrid of apple and quince, so that the new culture will become more resistant to frost, to diseases.
The most dangerous illness for quince is rotten. In order to avoid such a disease, usually resorting to cutting and burning branches. In order to prevent the culture, the method of spraying the trunk and leaves of the fundozole is most often used, as well as using dipteres. Another way of preventing tree diseases is to wipe the wound, which uses a solution of mercury chloride. Hazardous pests are considered to be falconry and apple-tree carrot, a mol of leaf miniruyuschuyu.