Trichomycosis - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, photos
- 07 Sep 18:15
- Disease Of The Skin
Trichomycosis in dermatology is called a group of diseases in which fungi affect the hair, nails and skin. The group of trichomycoses includes diseases such as scab( fuvus), microsporia, trichophytosis, and the like.
- 1 Causes of
- 2 disease clinical picture
- 2.1 Symptoms of trichophytic
- 2.2 Symptoms of microsporia
- 2.3 Symptoms of the fusion
- 2.4 Symptoms of the disease affecting the axillaryhair
- diagnostic methods 4 Treatment of
- 4.1 Natural folk remedy
- 5 Prevention and prognosis
- 6 Photo
disease The reason for the development of trichomycosis is the infection with fungal infection. Frequently, trichomycosis provokes fungi of the genus Microsporium and Trichophyton. The source of the spread of the infection can be, as sick people, and infected animals, most often, cats.
Infection with trichomoniasis is possible and through the use of articles used by a sick person. You can get sick by trying on someone else's headgear, not using your comb. You can also get infected through seat backs installed in public places.
Trichomycosis of the scalp is more common in children as they are more closely in contact with each other. In adults, trichomycosis of the hair may develop in the armpits or pubis.
Clinical picture of
Manifestations of trichomyosis depend on the type of fungi that caused the disease.
Symptoms of Trichophytosis
One of the most common forms of trichomyosis is trichophytic disease. This disease develops when infected by anthropophilic( parasitic only in humans) or zoophilous( parasitized on animals) fungi - Trichophyton violaceum, Trichophyton crateriforme, Trichophyton gypseum, Trichophyton faviforme. Moreover, trichomycoses caused by zoofilnyh fungi, as a rule, proceed more difficult. The disease is accompanied by violent inflammatory reactions, suppuration.
At superficial trichophytes in children there is a defeat of hair, skin and nails. On the affected areas there are red spots, having the correct rounded shapes and clearly defined borders. The spots are surrounded by an inflamed border, on it you can observe the appearance of bubbles and crust.
Spots in this form of Trichomyosis are prone to peripheral growth and drainage. As a result, quite large lesions are formed with clear edges and inflamed rollers along the edges.
In the foci of the lesion there is dislocation of the hair, however, some of the hairs can be preserved. Nails with this type of trichomycosis are uncommon, affecting approximately 2-3% of patients. When defeating nail plates, they thicken, become dirty-gray and crumbly.
In the presence of hormonal problems, children's trichophytic may acquire a chronic course and go into adult trichophytes. In such patients, trichomycosis, the symptoms on the skin are not so pronounced, but nails are affected much more often.
Deep trichophythia caused by zoofilm fungi is characterized by a course of violent inflammatory reactions. On the scalp and face there are red protruding spots with purulent crusts, possibly the formation of deep abscesses. When pushed to the focus of the defeat, manure is released. This form of trichomyosis is accompanied by an increase in regional lymph nodes, disturbances of general well-being may occur.
Symptoms of microsporia
Another common form of trichomyosis is microsporia. This disease is characterized by lesions of hair and skin, the nails, as a rule, are not drawn into the process.
This form of trichomyosis is characterized by the formation of rounded single centers with clear boundaries and a pronounced inflammatory reaction. Hair in the lesions of the lesion break off at a level 5-8 mm from the surface of the skin.
In microsporia in acute form, it may be the formation of purulent pustules. In this case, feverish state, general malaise may develop.
Symptoms of the Fusion
Favus or scab is another variant of Trichomycosis caused by the fungus of the genus Achorion schonleinii. The fungus can be located, both inside the hair, and around it. This form of trichomycosis proceeds chronically, the diseases are infrequently ill, they are sick, mostly weakened children.
On the head of patients, reddish spots are formed, on which there are sculptures - round shields, which represent a pure culture of the fungus. Hair in patients with this form of trichomycosis become thin and severely broken. The focal points of the defeat are gradually increasing, and, in their central part, the inflammatory phenomena do not go away, and in the place of sculptures disappeared, areas of atrophy are formed.
For other types of favus, instead of sculptures, follicular pustules or areas with fine-plate peeling are formed.
Uncovered hair in this form of trichomycosis is rarely and predominantly secondarily, that is, in the absence of treatment.
Symptoms of axillary hair strike
Another form of the disease - axillary trichomyosis should be classified as pseudomycosis, since the pathogen is a fungus, and bacteria. Unlike the types of trichomyosis described above, the disease affects only the hair, and the skin is not involved in the process.
Articular trichomoniasis develops more often in people with high sweating, men suffer less frequently than women.
In diffuse axillary trichomyosis, the hair growing in the axillary basins( less often on the pubic) appears thickened throughout the length. At nodular form thickening are expressed in the form of dense formations that may look like nets on the hair during pediculosis. Both hair loss options can be observed in one patient.
A doctor-dermatologist is diagnosed with trichomycosis. For the diagnosis it is necessary to study the clinical picture, so the first stage of the survey will be an external review.
A review and use of the Wood bulb can be performed to confirm the previous diagnosis. This device emits rays of some part of the ultraviolet spectrum. Affected by trichomoniasis of hair are illuminated in the beams of Wood's lamp in green shades.
To determine the type of trigemic agent, microscopic studies are used. For analysis, skin scales, obtained from lesions and damaged hair are used. After selection of the material for analysis, the crops are grown on the nutrient medium. This analysis allows not only to obtain the culture of the pathogen, but also to determine the sensitivity to fungi antimycotic drugs.
Trichomycosis in any form requires long-term comprehensive treatment. The scheme of therapy of trichomycosis is selected taking into account the prevalence of the process, age and well-being of the patient.
- If the single focus of the defeat of trichomoniasis is located only on smooth skin, then local therapy is sufficient. In this case, the treatment of the hearth is done by iodine tincture in the morning, and the application of sulfuric-salicylic or sulfur-dense ointment in the evenings.
- Axillary trichomycosis is treated in the same way, shaving down all the hair beforehand.
- In the event that in the trichomoniasis the lesions of smooth skin are multiple, or in the process of involvement of cannon hair, then, in addition to local treatment, it is prescribed to receive antifungal drugs inside.
- Trichomycosis with focal lesions of the scalp is treated with the use of local and systemic means.
Since in the hair antimycotic preparations are deposited only at a distance of 2-3 mm from the skin, it is recommended to shave the affected hair. This will allow the removal of viable spores of fungi, in the part of the hair, which does not penetrate the drug. At trichomycosis it is necessary to apply means, which cause a detachment of the upper layers of the affected epidermis. These are preparations based on salicylic or lactic acid, which are applied only to the focal points of the lesion.
Admission of antimycotic drugs continues to persistent fungal disappearance in the control analyzes. Treatment can not be stopped only because external manifestations of trichomyosis disappeared.
To relieve itching in patients with trichomyomas, it is necessary to prescribe antihistamines and desensitizing agents - suprastin, diazolinum, calcium glucanate, and others. With strongly expressed itching, the possible use of corticosteroid ointments is possible.
After completing the course of antimycotic drugs, control tests are prescribed. The analysis for trichomycosis is performed three times with a ten-day break between the sampling. Then repeat the analysis 2 months after the end of treatment. When receiving negative results, the patient is considered to be healed.
Treatment of folk methods
Self-treatment with trichomycosis is unacceptable, use of folk remedies can only be done after consultation with a doctor and only as an adjunct to the main treatment of
. In trichomycosis, healers recommend rubbing the foci of lesions with grains made from garlic.
To treat trichomycosis, you can prepare infusions from the heron, celandine and field horsetail( component ratio 4: 2: 1).Wrap a glass of boiling water with two spoons of the mixture. Infuse to cooling. Rub the infusion in places of defeat at trichomycosis.
Prevention and prognosis
Prevention of Trichomoniasis infection is an active fight against fungal diseases. Necessary regular preventive examinations in children's collectives, sanitary control in hairdressing salons. It is important to ensure the inspection and timely treatment of domestic animals, the outbreak of homeless dogs and cats, and the fight against mice and rats that may be trichomytica carriers.
Forecast for trichomoniasis, in most cases favorable. In the absence of treatment alopecia is possible - hair loss.