Domestic rabbits of meat breeds: breeding and care
- 06 Sep 13:30
- Features of these animals
- Benefits of breeding such pupils
- Features of breeding
Specialists are very popular among farms using rabbits of meat breeds. Basically, this popularity is achieved by thequalities that distinguish meat breeds from fur: rapid weight gain, dietary properties of rabbit meat and the ability to use skins, despite the fact that they do not have such a significant list of merits as furrocks
The peculiarities of these animals
Rabbits grown for meat have the second name - broiler ones, since the offspring they give rise to grow fast enough and gain mass, with some breeders reaching 7 kilograms in males and 6 kilos in females.
In the process of breeding rabbits of meat breeds, it is very important to provide correct and complete nutrition, because in the other case, it is likely that not only will it be possible to achieve the standard breeds of these animals, but there is a high risk of epidemics and high mortality among young.
Basically the size of rabbits depends on which breed they belong to. The most common breeds of rabbits are believed to be New Zealand white, Californian, flanders, gray and white giants.
Return to contents
Benefits of breeding such pupils
If you summarize information for all representatives of rabbit meat breeds, you can derive a few peculiar features: the
- is cost-effective, since for an increase in weight per kilogram of rabbit you only need 3.5 kg of feed;
- is a quick maturation, since at the age of four, rabbits grow up enough to be used for their intended purpose;
- is a fertility, because the rabbit usually has the ability to bring from 7 to 9 calves;
- is the reproductive rate, because sexual maturity occurs in these animals for 4 months from birth;
- is unpretentious in its content, since the paws of paws in this variety of rabbits are pubescent, which makes them suitable for growing in mesh cells.
Since breeding of breed data is accepted in order to obtain quality meat, feeding only with greenery and herbs will not enable the desired result. Be sure to enter in the diet of feed in the right amounts and grain, along with adding vegetables and minerals to food. It is especially important to monitor the timely intake of calcium in the body of animals, for which the food is mixed with chalk or a bit of bone meal.
As a rule, after reaching the four-month-old rabbits, their content becomes unprofitable, as the amount of food they consume increases, and the weight gain, on the contrary, decreases. In addition, the meat of young animals is more delicate than that of adult rabbits. That the rabbits have the opportunity to pull out the incisors, put the branches in the cages and monitor the constant presence of fresh and clean water in the drinking bowls.
Back to Contents
Features of Breeding
One rabbit is enough to fertilize 8 females. However, if there is a desire to grow especially large individuals during the summer, in order to achieve this goal, it will have to cross representatives of different breeds. Experts say that the resulting offspring from such crosses are inclined to grow much faster, even if the diet is unchanged for breeds. These qualities are not genetically engineered, so the rabbits thus obtained should not be allowed to propagate.
The breeding period occurs when the rabbits reach the age of 4 to 6 months, provided they are healthy and have a proper degree of fattening. Not only thin, but also obesity can prevent a rabbit from becoming pregnant, so the owner must monitor the normal weight of breeding females. At the same time, for young rabbits it is considered normal to two ohroles per year, and for older adults, the number of turtles per year can reach four.
According to some practical data, females belonging to the breeds of gray and white giant or Soviet chinchillas are best suited to cross rabbits, while males prefer to use those belonging to New Zealand red breed. If you follow such rules, then only three rabbits and one rabbit are capable of providing medium-sized families with meat.
Expert Tips For successful breeding of rabbits, we offer a few recommendations to help you understand the issue. So, for people beginners it's a matter of matter, you should choose a breed of rabbits unpretentious and adapted to the climate in which the farm is located. It is not necessary to immediately ignore the exotic representatives of the rocks.
https: //www.youtube.com/ watch? V = uiLoqxznt38
When choosing a pair of rabbits for breeding, it is very important to look closely at their parents and appreciate their appearance. A good sign will be healthy, well-groomed hair and clean eyes. In addition, the birth rate can be judged on the fertility of the offspring, so it will not prevent to clarify this point from the seller.
Despite the fact that reproduction of rabbits of meat breeds can be carried out throughout the year, the most fruitful are spring bouts. In the autumn, on the contrary, fertility decreases. Broiler breeds may give no more than 3 sorrows per year, and breeds of average size - twice as much.
The most productive for breeding purposes, females are at the age of 3-4 years, and maximally use them in this capacity up to seven years of age. For males, the deadline for use for breeding purposes is no more than 5 years.
It should be borne in mind that pregnant women( or those who are selling) and young females need increased nutrition, which exceeds the normal rate by about 10-15%.A week before delivery in a cage to a pregnant rabbit set a box - a "nest" with a litter inside. As a rule, the female gives birth at night, and it happens within an hour. For feeding it is better to leave no more than 9-10 rabbits, if necessary, others can be fed to a female with a lower inclination. For broiler breeds, the maximum number of rabbits is up to 7.
For medium-sized breeds, it is recommended to sow calves from rabbits 45 days after childbirth.
For rabbits, it should include grass and legumes, as well as feed in combination with grain. In winter, you can supplement it with poppy, bone meal, boiled potatoes. You should not give raw potatoes - it will lead to unwanted consequences. In general, the percentage of concentrated feed in the ration of meat breeds should be at least half the total feed.
For broiler chickens, the content of cubs with rabbit is taken up to the time of slaughter, that is, about 75 days. In the case of successful crossbreeding, the rabbit can gain up to 2 kg in weight at the age of two, but this is only possible in the case of good breast milk fed to females and the proper nutrition later, with the content of proteins in the granules of the feed. At the same time, rapid growth and weight gain negatively affect the state of furs of an animal.
Rabbits with white color of wool are considered more calm than their gray or colored brothers. If you choose to breed a breed with white fur, you can avoid not only constant fights and throwing on the cells, but also slightly reduce the amount of daily food. Less energy expenditure makes these breeders not so overwhelming, but the ability to reproduce it does not suffer at all.
If there is no experience in raising rabbits, it is best to start with breeding medium sized breeds. Unlike giant breeds, they do not need special nutrition and care, and do not need to equip large cells. As soon as practical experience in breeding rabbits can be switched on and on large breeds.
Beginning with farmers, it may seem that the maintenance and care of rabbit meat breeds is a very difficult and difficult occupation. However, in order to succeed, it is enough to choose the breed and, by constructing warm cells for the animals, provide them with adequate nutrition in a timely manner. In the near future all efforts will pay off, and the result will not force itself to wait.