Disease Of The Skin

Brock pseudopedagogue - symptoms, causes, treatment, photo

Broca pseudopedange ( atrophic alopecia) is a fairly rarely occurring disease characterized by hair loss. The term "peladas" denotes nest alopecia, and the "pseudopedra", respectively, will denote "something similar to nest alopecia, but not this


The description of this disease was given by the researcher Brock, so it was named after the scientist. Brock's pseudopederate may appear as a separate disease, and as a complication of other diseases. Often, Brock's pseudopedate accompanies focal scleroderma.


  • 1 Causes of
  • 2 Development and Symptoms
  • 3 Forms of the disease
  • 4 Methods of diagnosis
  • 5
    • treatment 5.1 Treatment with phytotherapy methods
  • 6 Forecast and prevention of
  • 7 Photo

Causes of

disease Psevdopedata Broca is classified as idiopathic diseases, causesthe emergence of which has not yet been revealed. Most often, the pseudopelade of Brock occurs in individuals over 35 years of age, with women approximately three times more likely than men. However, there are cases where the pseudopedada also developed in children.

It must be recognized that the action of the disease is irreversible, recovery of lost hair is not possible. However, stopping the process of their fall out, as a rule, succeeds.

Manifestations and symptoms of

The Brock pseudopedal develops gradually, often not at all noticeable to the patient. The initial symptom of a pseudopedata is the appearance of healing lesions. They are localized, as a rule, in the upper part of the nape and tiny. Since the hair falls gradually, the patient does not immediately notice the wrong.

Brock Gradually, alopecia cells merge to form rather large areas of baldness. The shape of the foci may be rather quirky, the borders are expressed fairly clearly.

When the Brock pseudopelled in the bald area, the skin looks quite healthy. Skin covers pale pink, smooth, without peeling rash. At the borders of the centers of skin and hair do not have noticeable changes. However, with careful consideration you can notice the characteristic symptom of pseudopedata - the growth of two hair from one hair follicle.

The Brock pseudopedate has a chronic course, development proceeds slowly. Gradually, an increasing number of hair follicles are pulled into the process. Around the hair follicles affected by the disease, you can notice a pale pink rim, and keratosis is observed in the follicle's mouth.

If you pull your hair off the affected pseudopedea of ​​the bulb, you can notice that it looks like a scorched match( as described by Yu. V. Sergeyev).The hair root has signs of atrophy, and in color and appearance is similar to a scorched match.

On areas of the scalp that are not covered by alopecia, it is possible to detect scars and formation of hard spots. The presence of these centers is easy to determine with palpation.

As the Brock pseudopedate develops, scars are formed on the spot of hair falling out, which can be chaotic or in groups. No discomfortable physical sensation of the pseudopedada is caused. Over time, the process can stop by itself.

So, the main symptoms of Brock's pseudopedadel:

  • At the first stage, the focal point of the lesion is very small, but they slowly but steadily increase.
  • In most cases, the hair follicles have a rounded shape.
  • The boundary between the injury lesion and healthy skin in the pseudopedange is very clear.
  • The skin in the area of ​​lesion is often deprived of hair, has a pink or white color. Sometimes in the area you can see several single thickened hairs.
  • The individual foci of lesion in a pseudopelade are usually small, however, they are prone to fusion, resulting in a rather large area of ​​baldness.

Forms of the disease

There are several forms of pseudopedades that have different external manifestations:

  • Net atrophy. In this case, in the center of hair loss, the skin is completely pure has a white or pink color.
  • Redness atrophy. In this form, the pseudopelades in the bald area of ​​the skin becomes red.
  • Hyperkeratosis atrophy. This form of pseudopedia is characterized by significant thickening of the stratum corneum in the area of ​​hair falling out.

Diagnostic Methods

Diagnosis of Brock's pseudopedagogy does not represent a particularly difficult task, however, a dermatologist should exclude the presence of illnesses with similar symptoms.

Brock In the study of skin biopsy taken from a patient with a pseudopedema, one can observe the following picture: the absence of signs of the inflammatory process( folliculitis) and no significant changes in hair follicles. The absence of fibrous streamers in the dermis, that is, during histological examination, signs of scar alopecia are detected in the absence of inflammatory process.

Certain diagnostic criteria are currently adopted to determine the Brock pseudopedagogue.

Grade Clinical Criteria:

  • The hair loss areas are prone to fusion.
  • Prolonged progression of the disease.
  • At a late stage, moderate skin atrophy can be observed in the lesions.
  • At the early stage of the pseudopedation, you can see redness in the form of a rim near the hair follicles.

Needed differential diagnosis with the following diseases:

  • Red lupus. At pseudopelled only the skin of the head is affected, in addition, there is no erythema, no flaps and scales are formed on the skin.
  • Red Plague.
  • Scleroderma.
  • Infectious diseases - whitish, impetigo, herpes, eczema herpes and others.
  • Malignant Skin Tumors.
  • Treatment for

    There is no treatment that could turn the process back into the pseudopelade and restore lost hair. However, using therapeutic agents, you can pause the process and improve the current state of the skin.

    It is best to start pseudopedata treatment at an early stage of the disease, until the alopecia process has gone far.

    Treatment of the pseudopedata of Brock is prescribed by a dermatologist and an endocrinologist. As a rule, it is recommended for patients:

  • Rubbing into the cell of the defeat of mercury, tar and sulfur ointments. Moreover, in the treatment of pseudopedata, it is usually recommended to alternate the ointment.
  • Vitamin Therapy. Patients with pseudopedata prescribe the intake of vitamins A, B6.E, B1.
  • Physiotherapy Procedures. In the pseudopelled, moderate UFOs, paraffin wounds, and massage rubbing drugs are indicated.
  • Antibiotics, hormones can be prescribed if necessary. As a rule, in the pseudopedata is prescribed benzyl penicillin, ampicillin, oxacillin sodium salt. In addition, it is shown taking lidaza, ascorutin, nicospan, theonicon, aloe preparations. The place is assigned electrophoresis using rhinotrachea, butadiene ointment. Treatment of pseudopedades is carried out by 3-4 weekly courses. Then you need to take a break for 6 weeks. Total for the treatment of the disease should be from 3 to 6 courses.
  • Patients with pseudopelades are advised to use only boiled water and neutral detergents to wash their heads. You can use baby shampoos.
  • It is recommended that the nasal, oral and pharyngeal sanitation be performed. This will require a visit to the dentist and otolaryngologist.

    Treatment of phytotherapy methods

    In folk medicine, there are recipes that can provide effective help with the Brock pseudopedate. These recipes can be used as a supplement to the therapy that the doctor will appoint.


    Walnut oil is used to treat Brock's pseudopedate.

    To lubricate foci of lesions using a pseudopelade, apply nutmeg oil. In order to prepare this product, it is necessary to take 100 ml of rapeseed or other vegetable oil and walnuts - 20 pcs. Nuts must be ground and mixed with oil, to insist in the dark for 2 weeks. After straining, use to lubricate the affected skin.

    In a similar way, you can prepare garlic oil for the treatment of pseudopedata. On 100 ml of oil you should take 5 large garlic teeth. Instead of garlic, you can use wild turmeric.

    You can use infusions and decoctions of medicinal herbs to prepare your lotions and wash your head. Effective for the treatment of pseudopedata roots of burdock and willow. It is necessary to mix this medicinal raw material in equal proportions. A liter of boiling water needs 4 full spoons of this mixture. Infuse not less than half an hour.

    You can use the following composition to rub in the foci of the lesion at the Brock pseudopedate: a mixture of herbs of polina, sage, honey, plantain, gold per thousand( all raw materials are taken in equal proportions).A spoon of the mixture is brewed with a glass of boiling water, after cooling add a spoon of honey and filter. Use for daily rubbing, the duration of the procedure is 15 minutes, the course of treatment - two weeks.

    Patients with pseudopedata for rinsing hair after washing are advised to use decoctions made of nettles, celandine, chamomile, plantain.

    Forecast and prophylaxis

    Since until now it has not been possible to identify the causes leading to the development of Brock's pseudopedata, the prevention of this disease is impossible. The only possible recommendation is to be attentive to your health. If you have the first signs of hair loss, you should contact your doctor.

    The prognosis for recovery from Brock's pseudopedate is unfavorable. It is a chronic disease and takes place throughout the life of the patient. Hair in the hearths of lesion will never grow. Therefore, despite proper treatment, it is not necessary to hope for a complete recovery of patients with the pseudopelad of Brock.

    However, timely treatment allows you to restrict the process and severely slow down its spread. Therefore, patients who have detected a pseudopedata, it is recommended to carefully follow the doctor's prescriptions.


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