table of breastfeeding supplementation
- 10 Jun 19:15
The correct feeding of a child to a year is a guarantee of his good health. But, unfortunately, not all young parents know when and how to import lactation to children during breastfeeding. Incorrectly administered supplements can be the cause of childhood ailments such as stomach ache, swelling, intestinalcolic, allergy, temperature, and others.
Table of Contents
1. Why the previous addition of the feed was another
2. How to understand that the time has come for
3. The typical parental errors when adding
4. When to wait with
feeding 5. The breastfeeding table for
6. Instead of concluding
Why the earlier introduction of feed was another
It would seem that information related to the topic of feeding babies up to a year more than enough: it's special books and magazines, Internet resources, and TV shows about kids, and even invaluableosvid our mothers and grandmothers. However, recent tips for pediatricians recommend caution.
The fact is that in Soviet times our parents did not have the opportunity to sit on maternity leave for a long time, as it did not last long. Complete vitamins in infant formulas are contained in small quantities. Among the pediatricians was a fable that half of the post-war children were sick with rickets. Babies started to get acquainted with adult food for almost 3 months: fruit juices, yolks, manna porridge and others. This older generation experience was extremely important and correct at the time.
It is not necessary at this time, because even if the mother lacks breast milk, she can feed the baby with a milk mixture, and as a litter, use quality and correct products, protecting the baby not only from avitaminosis, rickets and anemia, but also from problemswith digestion
It is believed that optimal time for the introduction of lactation for breastfeeding children is six months of their life. However, many mothers are keen to start dating the baby with a new meal a bit earlier. The health of the child depends on how timely and correctly this transition will be carried out. It should be noted that feeding with artificial feeding is introduced much earlier and a little under other schemes.
How to understand that the time has come for laying the litter
Pediatricians claim that the best and most useful food for infants is breast milk. It contains a balanced amount of vitamins, minerals and trace elements, which provide the baby not only a full nutrition, but also strengthen its immune system.
When taking maternal milk, the baby takes part in the mother's immunity, and becomes stronger and more secure.
Many mothers are worried about the fact that the child is bored day by day to eat the same food. But if desired, breast milk can be "diversified" if the mother will include in her diet new, safe for the baby products.
The main requirement for them is their hypoallergenicity and calm food response from the side of the child's digestion. Yet, young parents hurry their time and dream of starting a child's acquaintance with adult food. However, the closer the cherished date, the more questions they have, how to understand that it's time to introduce livestock.
There are some indications that suggest that the baby is ready for culinary innovation. Consider them:
- one of the signs is the weight of the baby. If it has increased 2-3 times from what was at birth, then you can start the introduction of livestock. By this time, pediatricians are advised not to rush and give the digestive system of the child how to be formed and strengthened;
- moms are recommended to drink the baby from the spoon in addition. First, it will allow you to extend the time of breastfeeding( the child does not learn to drink from the bottle), and secondly, will make it clear when the baby disappears pushing the lingual reflex. It is easy to see if you give the child water from a spoon: the greater half will spit out of the mouth and flow on the chin;
- Before you start breastfeeding, it's important to learn how to turn your head back or spoon out. So he will be able to show that he does not like the food or he is naive;
- in a baby begin to prick the first teeth;The
- baby should be curious about adult food, try to put one or another product into his mouth, express his appetite in every possible way.
In order to start feeding, parents should consult with a pediatrician to help him prepare a diet table and give the necessary recommendations.
Typical Parental Mistakes When Entering Livestock
Incorrect introduction of infant feeding causes severe consequences for its unstable body. And the most common reaction to the introduction of certain products is allergy. In addition, parents, "snapping" at the turning point, after which the child can give something else besides mother's milk, begin to spit it immediately all in a row.
This behavior is the main mistake of mothers and dads( as well as grandparents) who introduce several new products at once to the baby's diet. The baby's body does not yet have the necessary enzymes that will break down and digest new products; it belongs to "a serious work on adjusting digestion to a new way. The simplest of the consequences of such supplements, which can happen with the child - it's allergy, and in more complex cases, possible damage to the functions of the pancreas.
Pediatricians recommend that parents conduct a nutritional diary in order to determine in a timely manner how the product is affected by the child's body.
Intake should be gradual, with small doses and no more than one product at a time. It's best to do this for a baby's breakfast so that during the day my mom could watch the baby's reaction to the new food. At first, the amount of supplements should be negligible, if the negative reaction was not followed, then the next day you can give the same product, slightly increasing the portion( to a teaspoon).After the baby "saves" the new food, the mother gives him the usual breast milk, and so as long as the portion of supplements does not amount to 150-180 grams( provided that the child eats willingly) and one breastfeeding can be eliminated.
In the same way, other products are introduced, starting with small doses. Vegetable mashed potatoes( first single component, and then multicomponent) and milk cereals( except manna) are suitable as the first supplement for children on breast-feeding.
It is important that the consistency of vegetable dishes is homogeneous, so that the child does not press on food, and could easily swallow her.
Gradual introduction of new foods will allow the body to get used to it, "learn" to digest it. If there was any rash or problems with the chair, then the mother will be able to immediately determine what triggered a similar reaction.
The second common mistake is the early introduction of subsistence. Children are born with an immature bowel. In the newborn, the intestine is sterile and populated with beneficial bacteria in the first hours of its life. Functional maturation occurs during the first year.
At the age of 6 months when milk teeth begin to tear, a child may already digest food other than breast milk. If you enter supplements before this term, there is a risk of earning diathesis, which arises because the intestine has not been able to digest new food and undigested residues circulating in the blood, rash. In addition, if the intestine is not able to digest any food, then its treatment will already be engaged in bacteria, causing the child development of dysbiosis.
Late feeding( for example, 8-10 months) is just as undesirable as the early feeding, although it does not have such a catastrophic nature.
When to wait with
introduction The most common reason for parents to delay the introduction of supplements is a manifestation of allergy. Before you start a food acquaintance, you need to cure the baby, since the new diet can not only aggravate, but also cause various serious dermatitis.
It is not recommended to change the baby's diet, if the time of preventive vaccinations is forthcoming. At this time his immunity is already subject to external negative influences and there is no need to load it extra. For the same reason, you should postpone the introduction of supplements if the child is not healthy, or his teeth are cut. Begin food experiments only after a week after a full recovery.
Weather conditions can also be the reason for the transfer of terms of food dating. If the streets are hot, the child will not be happy with such innovations and experiments.
A breastfeeding table
The first baby feeding is vegetable. For this purpose hypoallergenic products such as zucchini, potatoes, cabbage, including colored ones will be suitable. To prevent the development of allergies, it is undesirable to give the child up to 6 months of red products: beets, carrots, tomatoes.
Some children are not recommended vegetable, and fruit fodder( in case they categorically refuse to eat vegetables).For livestock you can not take red or orange fruits, preferably to prefer yellow and green, such as bananas, apples.
Yolk is introduced to kids who have already become accustomed to vegetable puree, so that it( yolk) can be added to a dish, and not separate. Start with ¼ yolk, gradually bringing it to half. Frequency - no more than 2 times a week. It is better to use quail eggs, but chicken is allowed, if they are obtained from a homemade chicken.
Corn, oatmeal, rice and buckwheat are suitable for the first cereals for breastfeeding, since they do not contain gluten. But the famous manka will have to refuse. By the way, pediatricians generally advise me not to get carried away. In addition to weighting a child from her will not get anything useful. Porridges should start to be infused into a baby's diet for 7 months.
At 8 months, the child should be accustomed to secondary broths on meat, ie, when the meat is boiled, the broth merges, pours new water and brews a new broth. This broth can be used to make vegetable soup. If a child takes this kind of food well, then you can add meat( turkey, chicken( in the absence of allergy), rabbit, beef or veal).
In the area of 8-9 months, the child introduces the first sour-milk product - low-fat yogurt. Sometimes our mothers and grandmothers advise us to introduce cheese as the first litter for a child 6 months. In fact, this is a gross violation. Cheese is a hard protein food that the child's body is not able to digest. It should take up to 9-10 months to enter such a product, and it is important that it be non-lean.
When introducing a baby to a feed, you can not focus on your own taste( for example, add or sweeten food, etc.).
If parents have any questions regarding the various products and timing of their introduction in the baby's diet, they can always consult a doctor or look into a special table of infant feeding. Such a table is also given here on the site.
It is not recommended to give cucumbers to children: they are "plastic" in stores, and not everyone can boast of their own beds. Cucumbers have the ability to absorb all the existing nitrites and nitrates, besides, it does not have virtually anything useful for the baby.
Salt baby food is not required. Of course, there are kids who do not want to eat homogeneous unsalted vegetable puree. In this case, a meager addition of food is allowed, but it should be the meager one. Kidney babies can not yet remove excess salts from the body, which threatens the negative consequences for the baby's health. The same applies to sweet foods with added sugar.
Exotic vegetables and fruits are allowed to enter the baby's diet only after a year and only if it has no allergies.
Instead of concluding
By the way, babies breast feeding do not need water before feeding.
Kids who receive full-fledged breast milk do not need dopamine even during a hot period.
The first "front" milk is more liquid and the child gets drunk, the second "back" milk is more dense, can feed the baby.
One way or another, but nature has taken care that half a year the child does not need livestock. Mother's intuition is the best point-and-step guide on how to enter the first litter for a child.
A calm addition to the diet and adherence to the recommendations of the doctor will allow you to easily transfer the child to adult food and grow it healthy.