Ulcerative colitis: symptoms, treatment, what is it?
- 18 Jun 15:30
- Hemorrhoid Treatment
Ulcerative colitis is a chronic relapsing disease in which the mucous membrane of the large intestine is inflamed with subsequent formation of ulcers and necrosis.
- Disease Disorders 2 Causes of
- Disease 3 Major Symptoms of
- 4 Types of Colitis
- 5 Treatment Methods
- 6 Traditional Medicine
Disease Disorders Ulcerative colitis belongs to a group of chronic colon diseases. It is in this department that the final processing of food takes place, water is released and digestive waste remains. When inflammation of the intestinal mucosa occurs, the patient experiences permanent pain in the abdomen, he has diarrhea and rectal bleeding.
The ulcerative colitis is often diagnosed with the background of Crohn's disease. Interesting fact: as a rule, this disease affects the people of the Caucasian race and only in rare cases - Negroid.
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2 Causes of
Disease Ulcerative colitis remains a mystery to many scholars, disputes about genuinethe causes of non-specific ulcerative colitis among experts do not subsist. Many factors have been analyzed that can provoke disease progression. Among them, the following can be noted:
Ulcerative colitis is more common in women than in men. The age category of people prone to the disease varies from 15 to 70 years.
3 Major Symptoms of
The symptoms of ulcerative colitis in the intestine depend on the type of disease. A common manifestation of all types is rectal bleeding, diarrhea and abdominal pain. Other symptoms depend on the severity of the disease, the site and area of the lesion of the intestines.
Patients may notice the following sensations and manifestations:
- blood or manure in feces;
- heat flushes;
- cramps in the abdomen, pelvis;
- continuous gutting in the intestine;
- diarrhea( may be frequent or fatal);
- rapid weight loss;
- pain and swelling of the joints;
- nausea and vomiting;
- ulcers on tongue or skin.
In ulcerative colitis, the symptoms of the intestine also depend on the phase of the course - it is acute or it is a state of remission. The disease begins to develop asymptomatic, but rapidly gaining momentum, so it's difficult to spot it at first.
If the treatment is prescribed correctly, it is regular, then the symptoms become less noticeable. The relapse rate depends on the degree of organ damage.
4 Types of colitis
Despite the fact that the causes of the disease still cause a lot of controversy among doctors, etiology distinguishes several of its species.
The cause of the disease may be external bacteria such as staphylococci and streptococcus, which progress on the background of dysentery. Infectious diseases can be activated due to a sharp decline in the activity of the immune system. In this case, there is a rapid reproduction of pathogenic microflora in the body.
This form can be provoked by disturbances of the blood supply to the large intestine, which occurs on the background of atherosclerosis of the branches of the abdominal aorta.
There are isolated cases of this type, when the causes of development are chronic radiation sickness.
An impulse to development is the administration of certain drugs that have a toxic effect on the mucous membrane. This is, as a rule, uncontrolled reception of various Buds, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
This species occurs more often than others, but there are still no clear explanations for its occurrence. In the case of ulcerative colitis on the walls of the large intestine, ulcers begin to develop, which spread rapidly throughout the surface.
5 Treatment methods for
Symptoms and treatment of ulcerative colitis are two concepts that are inextricably linked with the diagnosis. The choice of tactics and treatment regimens directly depends on the clinical manifestations of the disease.
In order to correctly diagnose and determine the area of intestinal damage, the patient is assigned diagnostic procedures.
First, laboratory tests are carried out, a general blood test is required. If the disease progresses, then the patient will be characterized by anemia, leukocytosis. Then a biochemical blood test is performed. The patient always records the content of reactive protein, which indicates inflammatory processes in the body. In addition, the blood contains an increased number of gamma globulins, which are manifested in the active production of antibodies.
An immunological assay is performed to detect the concentration of antineutrophil cytoplasm antibodies. With ulcerative colitis, it is always enlarged.
The patient's feces are examined for the presence of blood, pus or mucus. It should be borne in mind that such a disease will necessarily cause the presence of pathogenic microflora in feces.
If the results of the analyzes confirm the presence of the disease, the doctor appoints an instrumental examination. An endoscopy is carried out to detect possible edema on the mucosa, the presence of pseudopolipops, pus, mucus, blood in the intestine and determine the extent of the organ damage.
Today, an endoscopic study is considered to be the safest, so modern clinics prefer it and go from colonoscopy, which causes a lot of painful sensations.
To select the right treatment for ulcerative colitis, an X-ray examination is prescribed. This method still remains the most accurate. The picture clearly shows polyps, ulcers, shortening intestines.
To treat ulcerative colitis, the treatment should be symptomatic and be aimed at controlling and reducing the frequency of acute attacks, healing of wounds and ulcers in the intestine.
Hospitalization of patients with such a diagnosis is necessary only in the presence of frequent and severe attacks. In such cases, for a few days, completely eliminate natural nutrition through the digestive system and transfer the patient to food intravenous.
To eliminate the main symptoms, the treatment includes a strict diet. Patients are offered:
- to eat often and in small portions;
- completely exclude products that contain a high amount of fiber;
- do not use fried and greasy foods, sauces;
- is minimized in the diet of dairy products, as they are a source of calcium and protein.
If the ulcerative colitis is actively developed, its symptoms have a detrimental effect on the patient's mental condition. Many patients, when referring to a doctor, point to constant excitement, fear, and depression. Such symptoms as increased gas excretion, constant rumbling in the abdomen, in some cases even provoke a departure from work, a break with a loved one. Therefore, after confirmation of the diagnosis, many doctors recommend to undergo a course of psychotherapy to relieve stress, to intensify the body's work to fight the disease.
It is recommended that medications be used as a medicine to relieve pain.
These may be immunomodulators, corticosteroids, and biological preparations for the normalization of intestinal microflora.
If the disease progresses at a lightning speed, then surgery is possible. This procedure will prevent the appearance of malignant cells in the intestine, since ulcerative colitis is a harbinger of cancer. Often, in such operations, remove all thick and rectum. Patients set up a duct in the abdominal wall to ensure normal functioning of the body.
When setting this diagnosis, you should not despair; in most patients, the disease takes place in a mild form that is curable. In order to avoid various complications, it is necessary to undergo a systematic examination and treatment at a specialist, to monitor their nutrition and psycho-emotional state.
6 Folk Medicine
Use only this method of treatment is meaningless, but if you connect a tandem of medical and folk treatment, you can achieve good results. As folk remedies it is better to use decoctions, infusions of honey, seeds, leaves, plants roots, vegetables. Herbs and plants have an excellent anti-inflammatory action, which is so necessary in this disease.
Special attention! In recipes that contain an ankle of fruit or vegetables, it can not be squeezed during straining and spinning. It contains a poisonous substance.
100 g of dried skins of watermelon pour 2 cups boiling water, insist and strain. Take up to 6 times a day for 100 g. This allows you to remove inflammation in the intestine with acute and chronic forms of the disease.
Greatly helps with any inflammatory processes of the gastrointestinal tract, especially in peptic ulcers, propolis. It needs to be eaten daily at 8 g, preferably on a hungry stomach.
Freshly squeezed onion juice will help not only to remove inflammation inside the body but also to destroy the infection.
Ulcerative colitis is a serious illness that requires immediate and competent treatment. It is not necessary to postpone a visit to the doctor when the first symptoms appear. It is important to remember that in the event of an acute form of the disease, the body is affected quickly, which can lead to cancer or various complications.