What diseases are in decorative rabbits?
- 03 Sep 23:00
- Constipation and gastrointestinal stasis
- Diarrhea in decorative rabbit
- Animal myxomatosis
- Viral hemorrhagic disease
- Diabetes mellitus
Diseases of decorative rabbits cause a lot of problems. And some diseases can lead to mournfuleffects like animal death. In order to protect your pet from health problems and take timely action, you need to have information about the most common diseases of decorative rabbits.
Constipation and gastrointestinal stasis
Constipation and gastrointestinal stasis( FSW) can cause the death of a decorative rabbit. Therefore, the timely detection and treatment of diseases is an important aspect of preserving the animal's life.
Symptoms of the disease are very small feces or their absence. Sometimes feces are mixed with clear yellow or mucus( this indicates the presence of a dangerous disease - enteritis).In FSW from the belly of the pupil there are noisy, stinging sounds that indicate the passing of violent gas-forming processes. The rabbit itself becomes sluggish, eating little, sitting for a long time with a horny back, sometimes starts to whip his teeth loudly.
Causes of constipation and FSW may be stress, bowel movement disorders, the presence of other illnesses, a diet with a small inclusions of fibers.
If the decorative rabbit does not eat, do not go to the toilet, you should immediately contact a veterinarian. In some cases surgical intervention is required. And here it is important to note that the percentage of rabbits that survived the operation is catastrophically small.
To prevent constipation, the rabbit should be provided with fiber. A huge amount of it is contained in the hay. The pet's diet should always be fresh vegetables and greens. Animals need to drink plenty of water. The rabbit should lead an active lifestyle, for this it is necessary to constantly release it from the cage.
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Diarrhea in decorative rabbit
Diarrhea is not a disease but a symptom. If the rabbit starts diarrhea, then the reasons may lie in the following:
- yeast fungi;
- bacterial or viral enteritis;
- intoxication after the use of medicines;
- improper feeding;
- Tooth Disease;
At detection of rabbit diarrhea it is necessary to immediately show to the veterinarian. Only a qualified specialist will be able to determine the exact cause of diarrhea. To identify the cause of the disease, biochemical and molecular blood tests must be performed.
It is worth noting that a rabbit should use maternal milk for up to 8 weeks. If this does not happen, then there are abnormalities in the intestines. Inflammatory processes can lead to enteritis, which often ends with a fatal outcome.
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Myxomatosis in animals
Myxomatosis is a viral disease. May be transmitted through contaminated food, bite of insects or in direct contact with other sick animals. Myxomatosis is a lethal disease, as no more than 10% of infected rabbits are cured.
The causative agent is the Leporipox myxomatosis virus. The virus leads to irreversible hyperplastic and proliferative cell changes. As a result, on the skin and mucous membranes there are specific nodes.
Myxomatosis is subdivided into two types: edema and nodular forms.
When swollen in a decorative rabbit swells and redden eyes, there is a discharge from the nose. Also, photophobia and tearing begin.
Then swelling moves into the ears, nose, lips, anogenital areas. All this leads to a sharp increase in temperature, difficulty swallowing food. Rabbit Loses Weight. Most often the animal dies 48 hours after the onset of symptoms.
At nodular myosomatosis, compaction in the form of cartilage appears, which eventually becomes necrotic and dries.
The disease is often accompanied by secondary infections.
Therefore, in the treatment of myxomatosis, the vet should direct its actions to prevent the development of other infections.
To prevent myxomatosis, the following actions are required:
- to vaccinate a decorative rabbit;
- can not leave the pupil outdoors during a special activity of hemorrhagic insects;
- is required to withstand each new animal in quarantine.
You should contact your veterinarian to treat this infection. Only timely help will give a chance to recover the decorative rabbit.
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Viral hemorrhagic disease
Viral hemorrhagic disease( VHB) is a viral disease that in most cases results in fatal outcome. The virus is transmitted in direct contact with infected animals, insects, while eating vegetables and herbs. In rare cases, the transfer can be accomplished through clothes or shoes of a person who came from the street.
VSB is very difficult to see, as it often goes asymptomatic. Externally, a healthy pupil is observed short-term convulsions of the limbs, after which the rabbit dies. In rare cases, symptoms such as fever, lethargy, nasal discharge, loss of appetite appear.
Cure the disease is impossible. To exclude the development of the virus, it is necessary to vaccinate.
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Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes mellitus may develop in decorative rabbits, which are similar to those found in people with a similar illness. Related illness with a disturbance of the functioning of the pancreas, in which there is a problem with the development of insulin. In particularly complex cases, insulin is not produced at all. As a result, when the food enters a sharp increase in the amount of sugar in the blood, and sugar does not enter the cells.
The causes of diabetes can be immunity, pancreatic disease, stress, sedentary lifestyle, overeating, malnutrition and the age of the infant.
As a result of the disease, there is a death of cells. If the disease is not treated, it leads to the death of the animal.
Symptoms of diabetes are as follows: the rabbit constantly drinks water, frequent urination, incontinence occurs. The pupil eats well, but at the same time it's thin, becomes sluggish. Wounds and injuries begin to heal for a long time, and the pupils may be clouded, until full blindness.
Diagnosis of diabetes is possible only by conducting an analysis of blood and urine of an animal. However, it is worth remembering that as a result of stress, the level of sugar can increase. Therefore, after you have brought the rabbit to the hospital, you need to give him time to calm down.
To treat the body, you need to provide insulin. It is better to do the marks in the veterinary clinic. Diabetes is an incurable illness, but proper care and nourishment will allow a decorative rabbit to live up to old age.
This is the most common disease in decorative rabbits. There are a large number of other diseases that are less common.
It is important to remember that in case of any changes in the state of the animal it is necessary to contact a veterinarian immediately.
Only in this case, you will be able to quickly cure the pupil and eliminate the risk of fatal outcome.