Cold urticaria or cold allergy - symptoms, treatment
- 03 Sep 10:45
- Disease Of The Skin
One of the forms of urticaria is cold allergy.
The cold-blooded urticaria is an allergic reaction to cold. As a result, rash, itching, blisters appear and Quincke's edema may develop. People of both sexes and of any age may be ill, which means that the babymay also experience cold allergy, but most often it is diagnosed in young women. For obvious reasons, cold urticaria is more common in countries with cold and moderate climates.
- 1 Causes of cold urticaria
- 2 Types of cold urticaria
- 3 Clinical picture of cold urticaria
- 4 Diagnosis of
- 5 Differentiation of different types of cold urticaria
- 6 Treatment of cold urticaria
- 6.1 Treatment of folk methodsMedicine
- Prevention 7.1
- Forecast 8 Photo
Causes of cold urticaria
At present, official medicine does not have accurate and unambiguous data on the causes of this development.of the disease. One of the most likely theories of disease development is the defect of the structure of proteins. Under the action of the cold factor, amino acids cluster into a ball that is perceived by the immune system of the body as a foreign antigen. As a result, there is an immune conflict, which is a characteristic skin reaction.
There is also a theory that the main cause of cold urticaria is the adhesion of platelets and increase their concentration under the influence of cold.
Disease of the cold urticaria can be the result of:
- Presence in the body of a chronic infection center;
- Glandular invasions - opisthorchiasis, giardiasis, etc.
- Viral diseases( hepatitis);
- Violations of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract.
Types of cold urticaria
Dermatologists isolate several forms of cold urticaria:
Clinical picture of cold urticaria
Symptoms of cold urticaria can manifest itself immediately after exposure to cold and after a while. Manifestations can be local, that is, they can be localized( cold allergy on the face and hands), or systemic anaphylactic reactions.
Symptoms of cold urticaria are skin redness, blistering, severe itching. In systemic manifestations, fever, chills, dizziness, shortness of breath, joint pain may be observed. In some cases, the appearance of swelling of the tongue, lips, and pharynx may occur.
Typically, the symptoms of cold urticaria go through in 1-2 hours after overcooling. However, in severe cases, the manifestations of the disease are kept for several days. Typically, such during cold urticaria indicates the presence of concomitant diseases, so the patient should be sent for a detailed examination.
Cold Urticaria can occur not only in winter. In the summer, an attack can provoke bathing in cool water or cold drinks, ice cream.
Diagnosis of cold urticaria is not difficult. The diagnosis is based on:
- A patient's review and anamnesis.
- Laboratory Research
- X-ray, instrumental or other types of research may be prescribed.
For diagnosis of cold urticaria, different tests are used:
- Duncan Test. During the test, an ice cube is applied to the forearm for 10 minutes. However, this test is not always informative, in about 20% of patients with hereditary cold urticaria, it gives a negative result.
- Stay in a cold( with a temperature of +4 degrees) room for 10 minutes without clothes.
- Modified cold stress test. In conducting this study, the patient submerses the forearms in cold water.
Differentiation of different types of cold urticaria
If the presence of histamine, prostaglandin D2, chemotactic and necrotic factors is noted when a skin test is taken for biopsy, then the primary cold urticaria is diagnosed.
With an atypical immediate variety, there is a lack of blistering and the appearance of hot spots or nodules. With this form of cold urticaria, systemic disorders are often observed - joint pain, muscle, fever, headache. In the blood test, you can notice an increase in the number of leukocytes, and a biopsy sample is marked by polymorphic-nuclear infiltration, characteristic only for this form of cold urticaria.
Slow down hereditary form is characterized by the appearance of symptoms with a delay in time. Rash on the skin appears after 8-10 hours after the effects of cold.
The most dangerous variant of the disease is cold sore throat of a systemic nature, which is characterized by extremely severe manifestations.
Treatment of cold urticaria
Treatment of light and medium forms of cold urticaria use antihistamines. Often, Tavegil is appointed either Suprastin. The choice of a specific drug from cold allergy should be chosen by the doctor after examination of the patient and an assessment of the severity of his condition.
Today in pharmacies there are many anti-allergic remedies, however, their uncontrolled reception will not only produce the desired result, but it can cause complications. Therefore, the medicine should be taken in accordance with the instructions of the doctor.
In case of severe illness, additional glucocorticosteroids may be prescribed, as well as detoxification measures aimed at eliminating harmful substances accumulated in the tissues due to allergic reactions from the body.
Treatment of folk medicine methods
For the treatment of cold urticaria, you can use the following folk recipes:
- Alcoholic infusion of nettle nettle. Take a tablespoon after eating three times a day. The course of taking tincture is 60 days.
- Infusion of nettle will help get rid of cold urticaria. Prepare from dry grass, by steaming a spoon of raw material with a glass of boiling water. Drink a glass of infusion half an hour after eating three times a day.
- For the removal of a strong itch in the cold urine, it is recommended to place on the affected areas a lotion of soda solution or a weak solution of vinegar with the addition of mint drops.
- It is recommended to use a quicklut infusion for washing, then the infusion should moisten the skin areas where the rash appears.
For prevention of cold urticaria, an important role is played by prophylaxis:
- The main precondition for the prevention of relapses is the exclusion of risk factors, that is, the effects of cold. To do this in life, avoid contact with cold water, do not take contrasting souls, do not attend the pool. Clothes and shoes should be selected according to the season, in winter it is necessary to wear gloves, scarves, hats.
- When entering the street in the winter it is necessary to treat the skin with protective creams, and to avoid overcooling in every possible way.
- To reduce the risk of relapse of cold urticaria, it is important to monitor your diet. Doctors recommend avoiding products that often provoke allergic reactions. These are coffee, chocolate, nuts, smoked foods, alcohol, citrus, pineapple.
In case of adequate therapy and provided that the patient complies with the preventive measures, the prognosis in the cold urticaria is favorable.