Foot Pediculosis - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Photo
- 03 Sep 01:15
- Disease Of The Skin
Lipular pediculosis or phytriasis is a parasitic disease caused by pubic lice. These parasites prefer to settle in the genital area - in the perineum on the pubis, near the anus. However, pediculosis can affect other areas - the hair in the axillary basins,on the stomach and chest, and less pubic lice are found on eyebrows and eyelashes.
The prevalence of pubic pediculosis is quite large and is approximately 10-20% of the adult population, but usually not as common as major pediculosis. However, data on the prevalence of pediculosis are inaccurate, as many patients are ashamed to seek medical attention, considering pediculosis a "shame" disease.
In addition, pediculosis, including pubic, is widespread among the socially unadapted population - people who do not have a definite place of residence, those who are prone to vagrancy, and others. It is clear that such people rarely get to the doctor.
- 1 Causes of development of
- 2 Clinical picture of
- 2.1 Possible complications of
- 3 Methods of diagnosis
- 4 Treatment of
- 4.1 Treatment by folk methods
- 5 Prevention and prognosis
Causes of development of
Foreskin is a small parasite whose size rarely reaches 2 mm. Due to the small size and pale gray color of the lice, it is difficult to see the lice, therefore, patients often do not suspect their illness, cutting off an itch, for example, an allergic reaction to cosmetics.
Fork lice are a sedentary lifestyle, but it does not prevent parasites from actively propagating and laying eggs. The life of the pubic lice lasted less than a month, the most active of these parasites at a temperature close to the temperature of the human body.
The forehead lice eat blood twice a day, biting human skin like in the mosquito bite. In the saliva of the parasite contains substances that reduce blood coagulation and anesthetic effect. However, being out of the body of the carrier( human), pubic lice can fall into a prolonged, anabiosis lasting for several months, waiting for unfavorable conditions.
Once the lice enter the body of the carrier, they are attached to the pubic hairs near the skin, so that it is easy to obtain a living( blood).
For infection with pubic pediculosis, close contact with an infected person is required( animals do not live on these parasites).
The most commonly occurring infection occurs:
- In the process of intimate relationships, if one of the partners is ill with a pediculosis.
- When wearing someone else's clothes or clothes;
- When using common towels with a patient with a pediculosis;
- A joint visit to a person with a pediculosis patient bath, shower cabin, etc.
When infected with sexually transmitted infections, parasites are localized in the pubic area. In case of domestic infection, it is possible, localization of lice on the hair of the chest, abdomen, eyebrows, etc. However, if pediculosis is not treated, pubic lice can spread beyond its original localization. By the way, every third person who suffers from pubic pediculosis also reveals sexually transmitted infections( herpes, gonorrhea, syphilis, AIDS, etc.).
Clinical picture of
Symptoms of pubic pediculosis begin to appear not immediately after infection. About a month the incubation period lasts, when the lice already live on the human body, and no symptoms yet. Infecting other people, the carrier may also be asymptomatic.
At the end of the incubation period, the main symptom of the pediculus - itch is beginning to manifest itself. Patients begin to inhale the area of the body, on which the parasites are localized, that is, most often, the pubis.
The intensity of itching in different patients with pediculosis may be different. Itching, most often occurs periodically, most often at night. Skin irritation is the cause of scratching( excoriation), which causes redness and irritation of the skin. Occasionally lesions develop eczema, due to constant scratching, it increases the risk of infection and the development of inflammatory diseases.
One more frequent symptom of pubic pediculosis is the formation on the skin or dark blue dots up to 1 cm in diameter. These are small( up to 3 mm in diameter) of education, as in the secretion of pubic lice that stands out during a bite, contains substances that destroy hemoglobin. At the wound caused by the bite of the parasite, hemoglobin decomposition products accumulate in a blueish color.
In the long run, the pubic pediculosis of the skin, where parasites are localized, are often subjected to lichenization. That is, the skin in the places of defeat becomes thicker, it clearly shows a skin pattern, resulting in the affected areas of the body look rough.
Possible complications of
By itself, pubic pediculosis does not cause particular harm to health. However, in some people, the secretion that secretes lice can develop marked allergic reactions. In this case, it is not superfluous to conduct an allergy test.
In addition, with pediculosis, the skin is constantly damaged through scratching, which increases the risk of developing infectious diseases. Including sexually transmitted infections.
Serious complications of pubic pediculosis are pustular infections( skin pyodermia), inflammation of the lymph nodes, the formation of fists and abscesses. And these complications during a difficult course can provoke a life-threatening condition - sepsis.
With lesion of pubic lice of eyelashes, patients often develop blepharitis, lacrimation, photophobia, trichiasis.
Lipular Pediculosis is a disease for which the diagnosis of live lice is necessary. The presence of only nicks is not the basis for the diagnosis.
In the past, the only way to diagnose pubic pediculosis was to comb the hair with a thick crest over a piece of paper and detect lice when looking at the leaf using dandruff. Since the parasite localization area is specific for pubic pediculosis, this diagnostic method is extremely uncomfortable.
Today uses more accurate and convenient diagnostic methods. So, for the detection of parasites, Wood's lamp is often used. In the light of this lamp, live nits on the hairs are fluoresced with bright white light and resemble small pearls. Empty nest shells shine with a gray light.
An accurate and reliable method of diagnosis of pediculosis is video stermatoscopy. The survey uses a digital video camera with video capture and polarization. The camera connects to a computer that has the appropriate software installed.
With the help of the camera, images of the affected parts of the body are performed, which are then considered at multiple magnifications. This way, it will be easy to look at the pictures of nits and living parasites.
Video stereoscopy is also used in the treatment of pediculosis to monitor the effectiveness of the measures taken. With this method, it is possible to clearly distinguish living nits from the living. The dead do not contain eggs inside, so the presence of only dead nits is the reason for the cessation of treatment, even if itching still continues to bother the patient.
Principles of Effective Treatment of Pancreatic Pediculosis:
- Therapy should take place in two stages in accordance with the life cycle of parasites.
- It is imperative to take measures to disinfect the patient's personal belongings.
- It is necessary to carry out preventive treatment for all persons who had sexual intercourse and just close contacts with a patient with a pediculosis.
The treatment of pediculosis is carried out locally, the drugs used are pediculocids, that is, insecticides that selectively act on nits and lice. To carry out at least two treatments to destroy the next generation of parasites that are hatched from the nicks.
For the treatment of pediculosis, the following drugs are used:
- Spray-Pax is an aerosol preparation for the treatment of a pedicle, which is applied to the area of the lesion for half an hour. After the time the product is washed with soap.
- Nittifor is a liquid preparation that is rubbed into the hair and skin of the affected area of the pediculosis. Wash the drug after 40 minutes.
- Medifox Emulsion. The drug is rubbed into the sites of lesion in pubic pediculosis before bedtime without rinsing. The procedure is repeated three times, on the fourth day it will be necessary to wash thoroughly with soap and completely change all linen( including bedding) and clothes.
- PEDILIN-SHAMPOO - A remedy can also be used for pubic pediculosis. Apply the agent to the hair, whipping the foam, leave for 10 minutes and washed.
In the process of treatment of pubic pediculosis it is desirable to remove pubic hair. If for some reason you can not shave your hair, before applying any medicinal product, moisten your hair with hot water and vinegar. Such treatment dissolves a sticky substance, with which the nails are attached to the hair.
Treatment of folk methods
Earlier, when there were no pharmaceuticals for the treatment of pediculosis, people used different methods of getting rid of this disease. Today, the use of folk medicine to get rid of pubic pediculosis is not necessary.
The fact is that many of them( for example, kerosene), have a greater toxic effect on the body than modern medicines. Safe means( eg cranberry juice) as compared to pharmaceuticals ineffective
Prophylaxis and prognosis
Forecast for pubic pediculosis with good treatment is good. Without treatment, the pediculosis will last for years and can provoke the development of serious complications.
The prevention of pubic palsy is as follows:
- Avoid random sexual intercourse. It is important to remember that the use of a condom from infection with a pediculosis does not protect.
- Do not wear someone else's clothes and do not use someone else's towels.
- Exclude the fitting of lingerie on a bare body. Purchased new linen should not be worn without preliminary washing and ironing.