What Are Dwarf Rabbits?
- 02 Sep 22:45
- Wild and wild rabbits
- Description and care for dwarf rabbits
- Non-specific diseases
- Infectious diseases in dwarf rabbits
This topic will help you to find out what diseases of the dwarf rabbits exist, how to deal with them and what this species differs from.fromothers.
The homeland of rabbits is Eastern Europe. Spain is the first country to venture to grow it. Over time, rabbit became one of the most important sectors of the economy.
Wild and wild rabbits
Wild rabbits live in burrows. The soil should be well-loosened so that it's easy to dig a hole. Wild rabbits are unpretentious in food. In the summer it is leaves, grasses, plants from fields and cities. In winter, their diet is not so diverse: dry grass, bark, roots of trees and shrubs.
The length of the body of wild rabbits is approximately 400 mm, the weight is 1.5-2 kg, fur may be gray or reddish hue.
Experienced rabbits breed domestic rabbits for various purposes. Someone cares for them for the delicate fluff that is widely used for making clothes. More often these animals are grown for the sake of delicious and dietary meat. The weight of pets is much larger than that of wild ones; it can reach 8 kg or more.
Some use them as home pets, for these purposes, special types have been deduced. There are many varieties of dwarf rabbits.
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Description and care for rabbits by dwarf
Representatives of this breed are small in size, they are very cute outdoors, so they are easy to become favorites of children and adults. This species differs from its counterparts only in size. With the help of the "dwarf gene", which was brought out by German scientists, the length of these animals reaches 20-50 sm. Their weight is approximately 1.5 kg, maybe, a little more. The variety of wool colors in these kids truly surprises.
The main difference of this breed is the animal's eardrum. They can be long, hanging, standing or short. By the length of the wool, the rabbits are also different, they can be long-haired, medium-haired and short-haired. Dwarf rabbits of any kind conduct an active nightlife.
It is necessary to care for this breed in the same way as for ordinary species. To eat grain, vegetables, grass or hay, do not forget about fruits. Make sure water is always there. Be sure to give sprigs of different trees, they are needed for the care of the teeth.
The dwarf rabbit does not like drafts and overheats, experienced rabbits are advised for these pupils to buy a cage closed on all sides. It is necessary to remember to regularly change the bedding in a cage and water.
These babies breed the same way as home-made. Three times a year the female brings about 5-8 rabbits. She carries the cubs a month, a few days before the ripening of the rabbit forms a nest from the fluff.
However, this kind of pet pupils is very sensitive and vulnerable, it is important to timely recognize and start the treatment of diseases. Diseases of dwarf rabbits are very diverse. Therefore, it is necessary to study the symptoms in advance in order to be able to provide first aid in a timely manner.
Dwarf rabbits are infectious and contagious.
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Respiratory Diseases. These are colds. Their reason may be drafts, sharp fluctuations in temperature. Manifested as inflammations: rhinitis, bronchitis, pneumonia. Redness and swelling of the nasal mucosa are rhinitis. Wheezing, difficulty in breathing may be the cause of bronchitis or pneumonia.
Heat Shocks. Occur when there is high humidity and high temperature in the room, as well as lack of air. Characterized by accelerated breathing, redness of the eyes, and the immobile position of the body( on the abdomen or side).
Gastrointestinal Diseases. Caused by malnutrition. The reason may be low-quality or contaminated food. In animals there is bloating, the chair becomes liquid, they refuse to eat.
Conjunctivitis. The rabbit can become infected as a result of infections, getting into the eyes of sand, dust or chemicals. Swelling and redness of the eye are observed.
Rakhit. Animals are sick in winter, with a lack of vitamins and minerals, due to the monotony of nutrition. Symptoms: eating its feces, curvature of the limbs, back drops, and a hump grows on it. With the launched form, seizures may appear, the animal is very active in itself.
Poddermat. Appears in violation of sanitary norms of animal holding, high temperature and humidity of the air, as well as excessive weight or a tight accommodation. Signs of the disease: baldness of the legs with the appearance of morning sickness and ulcers with purulent discharge, refusal of food, restless behavior.
Traumatic Damage. Wounds, fractures, sores. Provided by keeping animals in close, defective cells.
Frostbite. Arises when a sharp drop in the temperature of the air in the winter. The rabbit's ears are the most affected. Care should be taken to ensure that there are no swelling on the frozen part of the body.
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Infectious Disease in Dwarf Rabbits
Infectious Rhinitis. This is one of the most common diseases in dwarf rabbits. Has a second name - "contagious runny nose", an infected rabbit spreads infection when sliced. The mucous membrane may contain an intestinal rod, streptococcus, bronchisepticus. Symptoms appear 3-5 days after infection. It can last a long time and grow into chronic. In complications, a lethal outcome is possible.
Dermatophytosis or microsporia. In other words, licks. Another name of this disease is the "ring worm".Due to the round red cell defeat and this name appeared. It can infect not only other animals, but also human beings;People with weak immunity should be especially careful. Disputes of dermatophytosis for a long time are stored on surrounding subjects, can live there for years.
Viral hemorrhagic disease. Affected organs of the animal, in particular, the lungs and the liver. It is characterized by lightning development and rapid onset of fatal outcome. Possible bleeding from the mouth and nose, inflammation of the eyelids, diarrhea, seizures. This is due to severe liver damage and pulmonary edema.
Infectious Stomatitis. They ill young people. Flows in mild form( rapid recovery) and severe form( fatal outcome).It may be due to bad sanitary conditions of care and growing. It is recommended that the animal be completely isolated. Red-gray plaque and ulcers in the language of the rabbit, abundant salivation, weight loss - signs of this disease. In severe form, 5 days after infection, death occurs.
Myxomatosis. Appear swelling and nodules on the head of the animal( near the ears) and around the genital organs. Mortality at this disease is almost 100%.Transmitted by mites, mosquitoes, lice. Requires isolation during treatment.
Pasteurleozes. There are two forms of the disease - acute and chronic. In acute form, the temperature rises, inflamed mucous membranes, the animal refuses from water and food. May die on the second day. In chronic form, it spreads to the digestive tract and infects the internal organs. There may be purulent discharge from the nose, depressed state.
Staphylococcus ace. On the animal's body there are many abscesses. Staphylococci are pathogens of this disease, they enter the body through cuts and damage to the skin or mucous membranes. May be due to unsanitary conditions of care.
Listeriosis. They are sick not only pregnant rabbits, but also birds. Pathogenic disease - microbial listeria. There are three stages of the disease. Suburban - sudden death of rabbits. When acute females abort and die 2-3 days later. Chronic characterized by the death of rabbits in the uterus and female death after 2 weeks.
In order to prevent all these diseases of dwarf rabbits, it is necessary to make vaccinations on time, to closely monitor and to care for domestic pets.
It is necessary to apply for professional medical assistance in a timely manner. Otherwise, the results may be deplorable.