Basic procedures for getting furs from rabbit skins.
- 02 Sep 09:15
Table of contents
Breeding of rabbits is a popular event among people living in villages or villages. This small animal possesses not only dietary meat, which is not cheap, but also valuable fur. After slaughter,, many farmers simply do not know how to correct the rabbit's skin, and therefore the meat is important for them. Growing rabbits is a very lucrative business.
Depending on the breed of rabbits, their fur has a different value. Accordingly, fur-bearing rabbits have a high price, compared with feral rabbits. Slaughter of a rabbit is important to carry out during the period of molting. This period lasts from November to March. Having finished the hide from the rabbit carcasses, they begin to work out. The process of accomplishment is carried out in three stages: preparation, drawing up and decoration.
Stage 1. Preparation of
When animal slaughter is carried out only for meat, the cutting of skins does not require certain knowledge, but if for furs, then the necessary knowledge, skills and experience. So do not be upset if, from the first time, something will not work out. After the rabbit skin is removed, it must be dried for one hour on a special rule. The whole process of preparation consists of washing, washing, greasing and degreasing.
Tilting the dried skins is carried out by lowering it into dishes with warm water. Depending on the drying time, the wetting process can be delayed by a day, periodically replacing the water. The process of completing the soaking is completed when the skin of the rabbit becomes, as if just removed. In order to kill microbes that feed on skin proteins, special supplements need to be added to the water. The simplest additive is the detergent powder, which kills the microbes and at the same time washes the wool.
Meadblind is a process that involves pulling the skin on a deck and scratching the myast with a blunt side of the knife. It is necessary to start from the back and go to the head. The basis of the pigmentation is the removal of fat, fatty film and the remnants of meat.
The degreasing procedure is carried out in soapy water or shampoo. A liter of water needs about 25 g of soap. You can degrease in powdered water, just for this a lot of powder, about 3 kg per liter of water. Upon completion of the preparatory treatment, you can proceed to the stage of writing.
Stage 2. Extracting
Includes methods of quenching, poking, tanning and greasing. Quashing means a special treatment, which ensures the strength of the material. This method has a shortcoming that takes a long time to process.
It is important to know. The skin should be placed in a prepared composition, while the mezda should be outside. In this solution, the outer part of the skin swells and is leavened for 1-2 days. It is necessary every 2-3 hours to mix the solution and turn the skin so that it flushed from all sides.
In a warehouse of 100 grams of flour it is necessary to add 0.5 liters of water. It is important to use a flour containing a low glycemic index, ie coarse grinding. Everything is mixed until a homogeneous consistency is obtained and 3-4 g dry yeast is added, 15 g of salt and a pinch of soda. One skewer has a weight of about 250-300 grams, so a half a liter of water will be enough.
Find out that the quiche is finished by smell or look. A white coating will appear on the maze in the form of plaque and a smell will appear, which is similar to the way the fresh bread smells.
It is important to periodically monitor the process, because overexposure in such a mixture can lead to hair loss and the fur will lose its properties.
Picking is a procedure in which strength is achieved. It is possible to carry out picking up without flushing, but it is possible in tandem. The process of poking is to soften the skin in a special solution. The solution consists of 30 ml of vinegar 70%, water - 0.5 liters of temperature 30-35 degrees and 15 g of salt. The material is dropped in this solution for a period of 1 to 3 days. Determination of pudding readiness is checked as follows:
After that, the rabbit's skin is dipped in a chemical solution. The solution consists of: 5 ml of concentrated acid, 50 g of salt and everything is mixed with water. How much water is added to the solution depends on the weight of the skins. Picketing is carried out within 12 hours. The squeezing and turning out are carried out. Wool is left for a few days before maturation.
Derivative Acid from Wool
The remaining acid in the wool is to be removed. If it is not removed, it will complicate the following procedures. To do this, 1.5 kg of soda dissolve in a liter of water and leave the wool for one hour. After completing, you need to proceed to the third stage.
Stage 3. Finishing
The finishing procedure consists of tiling, greasing and drying. Tiling can be done in two ways: chromium and tannidnoe.
Chromium tanning is carried out by holding the material in a solution consisting of 7 grams of chromic alum, 50 grams of salt and one liter of water. In this composition, tanning lasts for about 24 hours. After it is taken out and the acid withdrawal procedure is carried out. If you do not hold it, then the material will lose its strength.
Tannidine tanning is to soak the material in a broth from oak or willow bark. In a cold broth, rabbit skins are otmachivaetsja during the day and up to 4 days. The ratio of tannins and skins is 4: 1.Determination of the readiness of tanning is carried out by examination of magnifying glass. Cutting off the part of the skin from the groin, an examination is carried out on the subject of penetration of the broth inside. If the color of the skin has a yellow tinge, then the tiling was successful and the material is put into oppression for 2 days.
Is designed to give the fur soft and elastic. It is carried out by applying water-fat emulsions. Soap is rubbed on a grater and dissolved in water. Added 50 g of pork fat and 10 g of pomace. The emulsion is applied to the seagrass, and the skin is folded and left for 5 hours.
The drying procedure includes drying and kneading of the skin, combing the fur and rubbing it with chalk. Then it is treated with alcohol and is again combed. The cooking process is complete and the fur is ready to sew various products.