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What is gliosis of the brain and how it manifests itself

Contents

  • Causes of Glycosis in the brain
  • Types of Gliosis of the Brain
  • Symptoms of Gliosis
  • How to diagnose?
  • Consequences and complications of
  • Treatment methods
  • Prevention of

. Gliosis of the brain is not a separate disease but a pathomorphological process that develops in the tissues of the

of the brain. Its essence lies in the fact that on the site of the dead neurons, who died because of a particular cause, neuronal cells grow( this is a peculiar scar in the brain).

Neuroglia - a set of auxiliary cells of the brain that make up 40% of its mass. It should be noted that neuroglial cells are much smaller than normal neurons and exceed their number by 10-50 times. Neuronal cells are very important for neurons in the brain. They provide a supporting, trophic, protective, delimiter and secretory function. Neuroglia consists of several types of cellular elements and intercellular substances.

In the event of any damage to the neurons of the brain, the growth of neuroglia is a kind of compensatory reaction. It prevents the growth of scar tissue and in some way partially retains the function of this area of ​​the brain. But one must clearly understand that neuroglia is not able to perform all the functions of the dead neurons, so there is a neurological deficit.

What is gliosis of the brain and how it manifests itself

When gliosis normal neurons are replaced by neuroglial cells

Causes of brain glysis

It is important to remember! Gliosis is not an independent disease, but represents a kind of compensatory reaction of the brain to the death and damage of neurons. In most cases, the signs of this process are completely absent, and it is detected by accident at a survey on another occasion.

Gliosis is a physiological process in the aging of the brain. When neurons of the brain with age die, their place is deservedly occupied by neuroglial cells. It is associated with the deterioration of fine movements, deterioration of coordination, memory and mnemonic functions.

But if gliosis is detected at a young age, then it is necessary to look for the cause of such a phenomenon. Among these may be:

  • genetic diseases that are accompanied by metabolic disorders, including fat metabolism;
  • Multiple Sclerosis;
  • transmitted encephalitis;
  • brain tuberculosis;
  • chronic cerebral ischemia;
  • effects of epilepsy;
  • continued existing hypertension( hypertonic encephalopathy);
  • genital trauma( ischemic-hypoxic lesion of the brain);
  • Craniocerebral Injury;
  • infectious and parasitic lesions.

What is gliosis of the brain and how it manifests itself

Death of brain neurons promotes activation of the

gliosis process. Any factors that cause damage and death of neuronal cells can accompany the development of gliosis. Thus, the body restricts the pathological site from healthy tissues, thus protecting the functioning of the neurons.

Types of gliosis of the brain

Depending on the distribution and nature of gliosis, the following types of pathological processes are distinguished:

  • Anisomorphic form - when cellular elements predominate over fibrous ones.
  • Fibrous - fibrous structures of the intercellular neuroglial substance over cellular elements predominate.
  • Diffuse - when gliosis spreads to large areas of the brain tissue in diffuse pathological processes, such as brain ischemia, hypertensive encephalopathy.
  • Nosebleed - when gliosis is located as a separate hearth, for example, at the site of the inflammatory process or parasitic cyst.
  • Crazy - when the pathological process is located mainly on the surface, under the shells of the brain.
  • Perivascular - when pathological foci are located around the blood vessels, this phenomenon is often observed in systemic vasculitis.
  • Subepental - the cells are located near the ventricles of the brain.
  • It should be clarified that the size of a glioza can be calculated. It is equal to the ratio of enlarged neuronal cells to normal neurons per unit volume of brain tissue.

    Symptoms of Glioz

    In most cases, if gliosis is not caused by a serious neurological disease, for example multiple sclerosis, the symptoms are completely absent, and the pathological process is diagnosed according to MRI or CT of the brain. The second version of the gliosis involves a clinical picture of the underlying disease.

    In the event of a marked pathological process and the absence of an active disease, the following symptoms may occur:

    • fluctuations in blood pressure;
    • persistent headaches;
    • chronic dizziness;
    • increased fatigue;
    • menses;
    • deterioration of coordination;
    • memory impairment;
    • in some cases may develop convulsive seizures, focal neurological symptoms( if the focal point of the gliosis is large).

    What is gliosis of the brain and how it manifests itself

    Frequent headaches can be a sign of glyosis

    It is important to remember! There are no specific symptoms of gliosis. This pathological process in the clinical picture may resemble many others. Therefore, the main thing in diagnostics is not clinical signs, but additional diagnostic methods.

    How to diagnose?

    It is impossible to diagnose a clinical symptom. As a rule, gliosis is diagnosed at random by examination on another occasion. A method that allows the visualization of the gliomas, is a magnetic resonance imaging. With its help you can accurately calculate the amount of glioza.

    In addition to detecting the pathological process itself, it is necessary to find out its cause. To do this, all possible additional techniques are used, which include a detailed neurological examination.

    Video about conducting magnetic resonance imaging of the brain:

    Magnetic Resonance Imaging( MRI) in the Patient Clinic

    What is gliosis of the brain and how it manifests itself
    Watch this video on YouTube

    Consequences and complications of

    As a rule, gliosis is asymptomatic and does not cause any consequences. However, if pathological foci are multiple or large in their area, then there may be serious consequences, including:

    • intellectual disturbances;
    • menses;
    • arterial pressure jumps;
    • persistent headaches and dizziness;
    • asthenic manifestations;
    • violation of coordination;
    • speech pathology;
    • paralysis and paresis;
    • hearing and vision impairment;
    • change the psyche;
    • dementia development.

    It's important to remember! The consequences and complications of gliosis depend on the magnitude of pathological lesions, their prevalence and the presence of an active primary disease that causes their formation.

    Treatment Methods

    It is necessary to clearly understand that there are no effective methods for the treatment of gliosis today. It is necessary to treat the disease that caused this pathological process to prevent the development of new foci and the progression of the old.

    An important point in preventing the further progression of gliosis is nutrition. In the first place, it is necessary to exclude from the diet of fatty foods, since fats contribute to the progression of gliosis. This is especially true in the presence of genetic disorders of fat metabolism.

    Nootropic, vasoactive, and metabolic drugs may be used, but such treatment is non-specific. And in case of not eliminating the cause of pathological violations will be useless.

    What is gliosis of the brain and how it manifests itself

    Treatment of gliosis should primarily be aimed at eliminating the root cause of pathological disorders

    Prevention of

    To prevent the growth of neuroglia in the brain recommend the following measures:

    • abandonment of oily food;
    • adequate treatment of primary pathology;
    • Blood Pressure Control;
    • daily caloric intake should be provided mainly due to carbohydrates;
    • lifestyle should be in line with the principles of healthy;
    • is constantly monitored by a neurologist.

    What is gliosis of the brain and how it manifests itself

    Diet - An Important Approach to the Treatment and Prevention of Glioz

    Gliosis of the brain substance is a serious problem that remains unnoticed for a long time, but in the case of accumulation of critical mass of glial cells, severe symptoms develop which not only impair the quality of life but also contribute to disability and the need for permanent third-party care. Therefore, prophylaxis and early detection of diseases that lead to gliosis, is a very important measure for the preservation of human social activity.