Ants bites - symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, photos
- 18 Jun 03:00
- Disease Of The Skin
Ants is an appendage-spider insect belonging to a large family of ant. Most of the species of ants do not pose a danger to humans. However, if the ants decide to "settle" near human housing, building an ant, then these small insects can causea lot of trouble.
- 1 Varieties of ants and the consequences of their bites
- 1.1 Forest and home ore ants
- 1.2 Ants nomadic
- 1.3 Ant-bullet
- 1.4 Ant-bulldog
- 1.5 red The fiery ant
- 2 Clinical picture of
- 3 Treatment of
- 3.1 Using ants to treat diseases
- 4 Prevention and Prognosis
- 5 Photo
Varieties of Ants and the Consequences of Their Bites
There are about 6,000 varieties of ants, but bites can pose a significant threat to human health, only some of them.
Forest and Home Orid Ants
It is with these representatives of the species ant most often faced by the inhabitants of our country.
Forest and home ants belong to different subspecies, they differ in appearance and habits. Forest ants build ant surpluses and emit pests of plants. Homemakers live in cracks of plaster and other seemingly not the most suitable places. Forest ants can reach a length of 0.7-0.9 cm, domesticated animals are much smaller.
Unique bites of ore ants are safe. By degree of pain they can be compared with bites of bites of ticks and fleas. Usually, ants do not attack a person, they begin to bite only by defending themselves. However, numerous bites not only cause severe pain, but they can provoke a strong allergic reaction. Whether you have an allergic reaction to ants bites you can find out if you make an allergy test.
This ants does not build permanent ants. The process of reproduction occurs in a temporarily reduced bivouak from the bodies of working insects. The main time of his life ants move in search of food.
Native ants are quite large, the length of their bodies reaches 1.5 cm. The size of jaws in nomadic ants exceeds the size of their heads.
Bites of nomadic ants are very painful, they often provoke serious allergic reactions. However, fatalities after collisions with nomadic ants have not been recorded.
Insect received this name not for the speed of travel, but because its bites are so painful that it feels comparable to bullet wounds.
In the bite of the ant-bullet, a strong toxin gets into the wound, and the pain in the place of skin damage persists for at least a day.
Ants of this species live in South Africa.
Bulldozer bites are deadly. According to statistics, in Tasmania, where this ant is inhabited, more people die from his bites than from spider bites and snakes taken together.
The bite of this ant produces a strong allergic reaction, in 3% of cases anaphylactic shock develops.
The fiery red ants
Insect received this name because of the high degree of pain of bites, comparable to the morbidity of the fire. There is a fiery ant on the American continent, but in our days this insect has spread to other parts of the world.
Bites of fiery ants are not only very painful, but also often cause allergic reactions. Anaphylactic shock may develop.
Of course, for the inhabitants of our country the likelihood of encountering exotic ants is small, however, it is not unnecessary to know about their existence. Especially those people who love to travel.
A small red spot and edema are formed at the site of injury when the bite of the home or ore forest ants. There may be severe itching and pain.
In the absence of an allergic reaction, in most cases, the bites of the ants remain unnoticed. But in people who are prone to allergies, the reaction to a bite may be non-standard. They have an ant mouth( often multiple bites can cause reactions such as nausea, itching of the entire body, and not only at the site of the wound, a sharp drop in blood pressure that causes dizziness and weakness, facial edema and extremities.
The development of urticaria and Quincke's edema are considered to be serious complications after ants bite. These complications develop as an individual reaction to formic acid that enters the morning.
With allergic urticaria, the appearance of abundant red rash and blisters is noted. Rash outwardly resembles umbilical burns, but they can be pronounced much more intense.
Swelling of Quintia is a severe complication that can be caused by ant bites. It manifests itself in the rapid development of edema and, first of all, edema of the mucous membranes. Quincke's edema, which has developed in the field of the larynx, can provoke death from breathlessness.
When it comes to detecting ant body bites, it is recommended to treat the wounds with disinfectant or alcohol-based solutions. Before beginning treatment, it is desirable to wash the skin in the places of the morning with soap, preferably antibacterial soap.
Use of disinfectant solutions or alcohol is necessary to reduce the risk of spreading an infection caused by pathogens that could be present on the skin at the time of the bite. In addition, the use of alcohol-based liquids partially relieves itching.
If there is severe edema in the places of bites, it is advisable to apply cold to the skin. For example, make an ice pack for 10-15 minutes. In addition, the victim should be given an antihistamine( dosage depends on the age of the patient).
As a rule, after 3-4 days the effects of bites of ants pass without trace. If pain, swelling and itching persist for a longer time, you should contact your doctor.
Must have to seek medical attention if the ants affected after a sting is bad and has signs of urticaria. When the first symptoms of Queen's edema appear, you need to call an ambulance.
Using Ants to Treat
Diseases Ants can cause not only harm, but also benefit. Formic acid has good antioxidant and immunostimulant properties, so in folk medicine ant bites are used to treat varicose veins, atherosclerosis, gout, radiculitis and other diseases.
However, before taking this treatment, it must be ensured that insect bites do not cause allergies.
Prophylaxis and prognosis
Antimicrobial prophylaxis is the following:
- When going to go to the forest or park, ie, in places where the presence of ants is not excluded, closed clothes should be selected. You need to wear trousers, a shirt or sweater with long sleeves. Shoes should be high. When hiking in the woods, the best option for shoes is boots. And the pants are recommended to fry in socks and only then put on shoes.
- When planning to arrange a harbor or choosing a picnic spot, you should take a look at the place and stay at a considerable distance from the ants.
- When you see an ant hill in a forest, you have to get around it. You can not try to ruin an antler or somehow else interfere with the lives of insects.
- When working in the garden, you need to be careful when assembling the fall. In the fallen fruit the ants often settle.
For anise bites, in most cases it is favorable. However, in the case of individual intolerance of formic acid or in numerous bites, serious complications may develop in the form of allergic reactions.