Finely Keratolysis - Causes, Treatment, Prevention, Photo
- 30 Aug 12:45
- Disease Of The Skin
Plantar smallpox keratolysis is a skin disease and anof infectious nature, often seen at younger ages. To date, fine-grained keratolysis has not been studied well enough, many practitioners have little information about the disease and can not properly diagnose.
Quite often, the clinical picture characterized by finely divided keratolysis is considered to be mycosis. Accordingly, antifungal therapy is selected.
However, antimycotic drugs are not very effective in plantar keratolysis and treatment is ineffective. Meanwhile, fine-grained keratolysis is a fairly common disease, more often it manifests itself in areas with warm climates.
Table of Contents
- 1 Causes of
- 2 Disease
- Diagnostic Methods 4
- Treatment Diagnosis 5
- Treatment 6
- 6 Forecasting and Prevention
- 7 Photo
The cause of the disease is infection by coccal microorganisms. Most often, smallpox keratolysis is caused by Micrococcus sedentarius or Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
These microorganisms in the process of life produce specific enzymes( keratinase, etc.) that melt the horny layer of the skin, causing erosion formation. As the development of plantar keratolysis contributes to increased sweating of the feet, most often this disease affects athletes, military personnel and representatives of other professions, who have long been forced to wear special footwear. For obvious reasons, exacerbation of plantar keratolysis is more often observed in the summer.
Clinical picture of
The main symptom of finely-spot keratolysis is the appearance of small rounded holes in the skin of the soles of the foot. Most often, such depressions appear on the surface of the heels, pillars of the fingers, interdigital space.
The diameter of the grooves can vary from 1 to 8 mm, they look like small points. Particularly well-known damage to the skin when it is moist, rash becomes bright white. Appearing deepening over time may merge with the formation of erosion.
In most of the cases described, rashes with plantar keratolysis are symmetrical, that is, both feet are affected.
As a rule, patients with finely divided keratolysis are most concerned about the unpleasant smell coming from the stop. Somewhat less rarely, after the plantar keratolysis of the patients, itching, anxiety when pressed on the affected skin, burning.
If plantar keratolysis is not treated or treated incorrectly, the disease may continue indefinitely. Very rarely, fine-grained keratolysis affects the skin of the palms.
As a rule, diagnostics of plantar keratolysis is based on the study of the clinical picture. To exclude the fungal nature of the disease, an analysis of scratching the skin from the site of injury is assigned. When pure( uncomplicated) plantar keratolysis of fungi in a scintillation is not detected.
For the behavior of laboratory diagnostics, a biopsy of a tissue taken from the scarring site with a Gram method is performed. Similarly, the material is sown on an agar to determine the nature of the infectious agent.
One of the main tasks of the diagnostician in this case is the task of distinguishing smallpox keratolysis from a fungal infection that has similar manifestations. But, despite similar symptoms, the treatment regimens for these two diseases are fundamentally different.
Treatment Scheme for
To treat plantar keratolysis, antibiotics should be used. As a rule, they are prescribed:
- Erythromycin, clindamycin, bactroban local, in the form of pastes, ointments or alcohol solutions for external use.
- Effective in the treatment of plantar keratolysis of Teimurov paste, it can be replaced with an alcoholic solution of nitrofungin.
The duration of treatment for smallpox keratolysis is approximately two weeks. In severe course of the disease, antibiotics are prescribed not only locally, but also for ingestion of
. Upon completion of the course, it is recommended to take preventive measures, since the smallpox keratolysis is prone to recurrence.
Treatment with folk remedies
With plantar keratolysis, it is important to get rid of excessive sweating of the feet. In the solution of this problem can help medicinal grasses. Here are the recommendations given by folk healers, patients with finely divided keratolysis.
To reduce the amount of sweating, it is advisable to make baths with the addition of hard-boiled tea every night.
To make cloths with plantar keratolysis it is necessary to prepare an infusion of a herb with the name of blood clot. To make tincture on a glass of boiling water, you need to take two full spoons of herbs.
It is recommended to use acetate tincture from oak bark to clean the feet for finely-spot keratolysis and to prevent the development of relapse. For the preparation of tinctures crushed into a powder of oak bark pour in equal volume of vinegar( table, not essences!).Insert the composition for two weeks, then strain. To wipe the feet you need to dilute the resulting tincture in half with boiled water.
To reduce the amount of sweat you can stop can be recommended to put in socks at night on a spoon of boric acid. In the morning, the foot should be washed and treated with antibacterial deodorant.
To make the inside with plantar keratolysis it is necessary to prepare a decoction of flowers and leaves of hyssop. One teaspoon of each type of raw material should be filled with 200 ml of ordinary cold water. Put on medium heat, wait for boiling. Then the fire should be reduced more strongly and tommy broth on the stove for at least half an hour. After that, strain the infusion, pre-letting it cool down.
Take a broth for fine-grained keratolysis during the day, divided into several portions. Similarly, you can cook broths of sage or lemon balm and use them as a prophylactic and therapeutic agent for plantar keratolysis.
Forecast and prevention of
With proper therapy, the prognosis for fine-grained keratolysis is favorable.
Patients undergoing plantar keratolysis should take active prophylaxis to prevent recurrence. To preventative measures include: