Disease Of The Skin

Cellulite - causes, diagnosis, clinical picture, treatment, photo

In medicine, the term "cellulitis" refers to the inflammatory process in the adipose tissue. However, today this word is familiar to virtually every woman who watches for the beauty of her skin. In the generally known sense, the term "cellulite" today denotes a change in the appearance of the skin, the

which becomes hilly, resembling orange peel.

Doctors have not yet come to an agreement on cellulite. Some experts believe that lipodystrophy( this is more correct, in terms of medicine, the name of cellulite) is a condition that requires attention. However, most doctors believe that cellulite in the common sense is only a cosmetic defect in the skin and it does not bring any special health damage.

Nevertheless, many women perceive cellulite as a serious problem and seek to get rid of it. I must say that about 80% of the female population have to come across cellulite, and changes in the relief of the skin may well appear in young slender girls. But men with this problem are virtually unknown.


  • 1 Causes and mechanism of formation of
  • 2 Development stages and clinical picture of
  • 3 Methods of diagnosis
  • 4 Treatment of
    • 4.1 Treatment of folk remedies
  • 5 Forecast and prevention of
  • 6 Photo

Causes and mechanism of formation of

The main reason for the appearance of cellulite is uneven increasefat cells in size. As a result of such an increase in the septum from the connective tissue, stretching and pushing part of the cells inside. Aside from the formation of strains from the connective tissue, areas of the adipose tissue begin to tighten more, which leads to the appearance of external signs of cellulite.

Cellulitis causes, diagnosis, clinical picture, treatment, photo The following factors lead to uneven growth of adipose tissue, that is, the appearance of cellulite:

  • Hereditary predisposition.
  • Wrong food.
  • Insufficient physical activity.
  • Perennial deterioration of microcirculation in tissues.
  • Hormonal changes.

The risk factors for cellulite progression include:

  • Overweight. A set of extra pounds leads to deterioration of cellulite manifestations.
  • Hormones. The growth of adipose tissue depends on the level of estrogen in the blood, so any hormonal shaking - pregnancy, taking birth control pills - can increase the appearance of cellulite.
  • Hypodynamia. Limited physical activity leads to violations of blood circulation in tissues and the growth of fatty deposits and changes in skin relief.
  • Some factors such as the constant wearing of tight( adjusting) linen, high heel shoes, and thick stockings may be helpful in developing cellulite. All this violates the process of feeding the tissues and badly affects the condition of the skin.
  • It is impossible to exclude hereditary predisposition to cellulite. Therefore, if the inequality of the skin is expressed in a strong degree by the immediate relatives, it is necessary to take measures of early prevention of cellulite.

Development stages and clinical picture of

External cellulite appearances on the skin are familiar to practically everyone. In places of defeat the skin acquires a characteristic uneven relief - with pits and protruding tubers. In areas of cellulite localization, the skin is colder, when the tension begins to be covered unevenly located spots of red-orange color. In addition, the skin affected by cellulite, unevenly tan, there are light areas on it, that is, the tan falls.

Symptoms of cellulite tend to be most commonly seen on the skin of the hips, abdomen, buttocks, shoulders and breasts. We must say that so far there is no single classification of the stages of cellulite development. In most cases, it is decided to allocate 4 stages of the disease, but some researchers prefer to allocate 6 phases during the cellulitis.

At the first stage of cellulite development, the relief of the skin is practically unchanged, only slight swelling of the skin is observed. However, it is possible to notice that on processes affected by cellulite in the skin regeneration processes have slowed down, that is, bruises and other lesions are healing much slower. In tissues you can notice stagnant phenomena.

Already at the second stage of cellulite, you can notice changes in the relief of the skin. Lymphatic vessels and veins can not cope with the diverting of fluid accumulated in the tissues. Therefore, the intercellular pressure increases, edema becomes more pronounced, fat deposits become denser, relief becomes more pronounced.

The third stage of cellulite development is called micronodular, at which time external changes in the skin are clearly visible without special studies. If you collect the skin affected by cellulite, in a fold, then you can observe a pronounced relief with depressions and humps. At this stage, there are stagnant phenomena in the venous and capillary circulatory systems, the walls of the vessels become weaker, their permeability increases. The connective tissue at this stage of cellulite is greatly expanding, forming the original capsules covering the adipose tissue, forming characteristic sealing - micronuclei.

At the fourth stage of cellulite, rough skin changes can be observed. Even in the relaxed position of the muscles, the skin in the affected areas is hilly, uneven. The microdollars merge into large conglomerates, forming macronodules, which are also called cellulite stones. At this stage of cellulite development, there is an even more enlargement of the connective tissue, the blood supply to the affected areas is more disturbed, giving the skin a bluish color. When you click on the affected areas of the skin you may feel pain.

At the following stages of cellulite development, the area of ​​defeat is spreading to other areas of the skin and increasing the severity of the symptoms.

Diagnostic Methods

Diagnosis of cellulitis and assessment of its developmental stage is determined by external examination of problem areas of the skin. It is possible to identify the propensity to develop cellulite independently. To do this, it is enough to strongly push a finger on any area of ​​the hips, and if near the place of press the unequal relief appears, then the woman is in the risk area.

Of course, a positive test result is not a guarantee that cellulite will necessarily progress. This test allows you to determine only the current state of the skin and the tendency to develop cellulite.

In medicine, there are special methods of skin examination to determine the stage of cellulite. The most accurate and informative of them is the contact thermography of the skin. The method of examination is based on the measurement of temperature at different parts of the skin. Normally, the indicators of the thermograph should be the same in all areas. In areas where lymph and blood circulation are impaired, the skin temperature will be reduced.

Treatment of

Cellulitis causes, diagnosis, clinical picture, treatment, photo For the treatment of cellulite, a large set of measures aimed at stimulating microcirculation in the lesion areas should be used. Such measures include various types of massage, special exercises, hardware cosmetic procedures, bathing, diet, etc.

Aims of Cellulite Cosmetic Procedures:

  • Active Fracture of Fat Tissues.
  • Suppresses the process of growth of adipose tissue.
  • Stimulating the process of fluid outflow from problem areas
  • Decomposition of hardened fatty formations.
  • Increases skin elasticity.

For the treatment of cellulite used external and internal drugs. The following can be attributed to the methods of external treatment of cellulite:

  • Thalassotherapy procedures - use of sea gifts. This treatment of cellulite is carried out in specialized medical institutions at sea resorts.
  • Wraps using special creams to maintain skin elasticity.
  • Manual lymph drainage is a special massage technique aimed at removing fluid from tissues and reducing cellulite.
  • For the effective treatment of cellulite individually selected a set of procedures. During their conduct, the specialist should observe changes in the state of skin and tissues, which will make it possible to make the necessary adjustments in a timely manner in the program for treatment of cellulite.

    Dasg preparations for the treatment of cellulite and skin condition include specially designed dietary supplements that can enhance the effect of the use of prescribed external treatments.

    Treatment with folk remedies

    There are many home remedies that can be used to fight cellulite.

    Composition based on apple cider vinegar. You need to use a natural( non-aromatised) product. Vinegar should be diluted halfway with water and add three drops of lemon and orange oil to the liquid. Pre-massage the problem with a massage gloves and apply a piece of gauze to the skin, soaked with the prepared solution. Close the top of the film. Keep the compress for half an hour, then rinse your skin with water.

    Helps in the fight against cellulite aromatic baths with the addition of essential oils. It is necessary to pick up such oils, which support elasticity of a skin, help to break up fat. You can use geranoye, cypress, juniper, rosemary butter.

    A good effect with cellulite gives a massage of the skin with the use of coffee grounds. It is necessary to collect the thicket that remains when cooking coffee. And then during the taking of the soul it is necessary to rub the thicket in the affected cellulite skin.

    Forecast and prevention of

    Cellulitis correction in early stages allows for tangible results, so treatment should begin with the first signs of skin changes.

    Prevention of cellulite is to support normal weight, adequate level of physical activity.


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