Cysticercosis of Finnozes in rabbits and its treatment
- 29 Aug 01:15
- Type of pathogen of wormworms in rabbits
- Development cycle: an intermediate host of the pathogen finnosom
- What is the mechanism of disease development?
- As the
- is diagnosed
- Pyriform Cysticercosis Therapy Drugs for strengthening immunity in
rabbits Patients are often faced with such a disease as cysticercosis of rabbits, the treatment of the disease is non-specific, and its prognosis is always relative. Of great importance for the timely treatment of a sick pupil has a properly diagnosed.
Type of causative agent of worm diseases in rabbits
For cysticercosis the lesion of the liver and the digestive tract of the animal is characterized by larvae of cestodes. Unfortunately, the disease causes high mortality among home pupils. Helminth larvae are located on the skin of the peritoneum, encircle the colon, fill the lumen of the small intestine. The tape pathogen has on the body hooks, located in 2 rows. Each of its segments in shape resembles pollen, and the inner contents are filled with uterus with eggs. Oncosfers, getting into the body of a rabbit, carry out destructive work associated with the destruction of the capillaries of the liver. Bubble form of the larvae of the helminth is fixed on the gland and ripples.
Intense movement of helminths in the liver promotes the destruction of tissues of an important organ. There are changes in the composition of blood of a sick animal, accompanied by a decrease in the number of red blood cells, the growth of leukocytes and eosinophils. The accumulation of larvae in the abdominal cavity, which occurs at the final stages of their development, causes the appearance of hemorrhagic or purulent inflammation of tissues. Significant significance for the timely appointment of treatment is the spread of helminths in the abdominal or thoracic cavity, which is accompanied by the development of toxic and allergic reactions.
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Development cycle: an intermediate host of a finnosomal agent
Septures formed in faeces of diseased animals have formed, contaminating soil, water, grass. In organs of the gastrointestinal tract there is a further development of cestodes, which move with the current of blood and settle on the surface of many organs.
For cysticercosis of rabbits, several stages of the development of wormholes are characteristic: egg laying and the formation of larvae - cysticks. These cysts are localized in the liver of the animal, causing peritonitis, and then the death of animals.
In addition, rabbits are intermediate hosts of parasites, retaining in their body a bubble form of the pathogen for 45 days. Dogs, eating meat from ill animals, are infected by parasites and are carriers of mature larvae.
As a result of their movement in the liver, the blood composition changes in the diseased animal: the number of eosinophils and leukocytes increases, erythropenia is observed, hemoglobin falls sharply. Changes in blood lasts for two weeks.
The massive output of larvae in the abdominal cavity causes the appearance of purulent peritoneal inflammation.
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What is the mechanism of disease development?
After infection in the animal, there are characteristic clinical symptoms, and internal organs are affected by parasite larvae. After establishing the type of pathogen, it is necessary to carry out a number of preventive measures that will help to prevent the further spread of parasitic infection.
In the intestines and liver, helminths release toxic substances that cause signs of acute poisoning in rabbits. Finnoz contributes to weight loss of animals, the appearance of anemia in them. Feces of ill pets - the main reason for infecting the whole livestock: the excrements must be destroyed.
A review of diseased rabbits shows that many individuals are not subject to treatment. Meat of dead animals feed cattle after careful disinfection of rabbit meat.
Significant value for timely diagnosis is the presence of characteristic signs of a disease in a rabbit:
- of excised urinary excretion;
- Increased Coverage;
- presence of parasites in fecal masses.
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disease manifests a variety of symptoms indicating the rabbit's defeat by helminths, it allows the timeline to determine the phase of the process and appoint an effective treatment. Ill rabbits lose weight, move a little, stay in the depths of cells and do not run to the owner.
The wool in a sick animal dulls, loses its shine, and the younger ones drop out, become stiff. At examination, the appearance of yellow coloration of the mucous membranes of the eyes and oral cavity.
After detecting signs of helminth infestation, urgent contact with a vet to avoid contamination of other individuals.
A noteworthy rabbit notices all changes in the behavior of a pet.
A sick animal experiences painful itching in the anus, rushes about the floor in the cage, squats and behaves very restless.
The rabbit's feces are essential for determining the type of helminth. In feces - mucous consistency, greenish color.
Kal - is absent or dry, is hardly removed from the surface of the decking in the cage.
Piziform Cysticercosis Therapy For rabbits owners, keep pets up to keep their animals from being infected with helminths.
If a rabbit is infected with worms, it is necessary to consult a doctor and follow all his or her recommendations for the treatment of a pet. Unfortunately, no effective measures aimed at eliminating cysticercosis in rabbits have been developed: treatment is ineffective and young animals often die after reaching the age of 3 months.
Currently, the diagnosis is established only after studying the rabbit's reaction to the administration of an allergen to the body. Cestodes at the larval stage cause the development of piziform disease.
Oncosfers often affect the mucous membrane of the intestines of the rabbit. The disease causes the death of animals, there is a decrease in weight gain in pets, the quality of furs and meat is changing.
The main task of the rabbit - to regularly carry out preventive measures aimed at preventing the infestation of rabbits with worms. For dogs, a procedure for the elimination of worms every week is provided. Bodies of dead animals are always subject to destruction.
For rabbits it is necessary to make a balanced diet with enough vitamins and minerals to strengthen the health of pets.
Measures taken on the basis of the biological characteristics of the pathogen and aimed at the fight against helminths should be carried out in a complex.
What can a host do to prevent the infection of a rabbit?
Given the biological and physiological characteristics of animals, it is necessary to provide places for their feeding, preventing the ingestion of eggs from cestodes. The flooring should be clean, lined with high-quality material.
Domestic dogs need preventive treatment. Remove green feces from the green grass if the rabbits are not contained in the closed cages. It is very important to organize feeding properly and prevent the use of low-quality feed. Water for rabbits should be clean, and its daily requirement depends on the quality of feed, the age of the pet, health and other circumstances.
It is rational to have healthy individuals in the best areas of green grass, having first checked the degree of its contamination with pet animals. In bad equipment, the rabbits get used to bed on a dirty floor, in this case, the likelihood of their infection with helminths increases.
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Drugs for strengthening immunity in sick of rabbits
Preventive measures and timely treatment help prevent native pets from infecting with parasites. Stimulants of immunity in rabbits use recommendations of the veterinarian. The drug Biostim-T increases the production of antibodies and strengthens the body of the animal.
It is unacceptable to give rabbits medicines for the treatment of dogs or cats.
In the winter, strengthen immunity, using vitamins A and D, which are rich in fish oil. Gamawit and Immunophane are prescribed if the animal is in a stressful situation.
Avoid the unpleasant consequences of cysticercosis in rabbits, helps to maintain proper care and maintain animal hygiene when kept.