Phalaenopsis home care: photo, video
- 26 Aug 04:00
One of the most common species of the orchid family is phalaenopsis. Very often fans of exotic plants choose this sophisticated flower. The question of how to properly care for an orchid phalaenopsis is definitely a concern for every owner of these exotic and noble colors. Like theother representatives of this family, the flower has its own individual care and maintenance, keeping in mind that it's possible to grow a real tropical garden on its windowsill.
- 1 Necessary conditions for maintenance of
- 1.1 Irrigation
- 1.2 Lighting and humidity
- 1.3 Temperature
- 1.4 Substrate and pot
- 2 Diseases and pests
- 3 Orchid care Phalaenopsis at home( video)
Necessary conditions of maintenance of
This type of orchids is quite diverseand includes over 40 different types. The plant has a very short stem and large fleshy leaves. The flower itself has a pleasant sweetish aroma. In a natural habitat, exotic plants often grow on trunks of trees. Care of phaenopsis in the home, of course, has its peculiarities.
Watering is best done by immersion for half an hour in warm, filtered water. The need for transplantation appears when the flower begins to produce a large number of air roots. This indicates that the size of the pot is no longer suitable for the root system. Many florists encounter serious difficulties in the process of reproduction of an exotic guest, but with proper care, it is possible to successfully cultivate children on the flower buds of the plant.
Lighting and Humidity
Correct care of phalangepsis primarily includes the observance of the required humidity. Do not forget that in the natural habitat, the flower is in a constant humidity of air, which usually has an index of not less than 60%.
However, in nature, the roots of the orchid are usually open, and at home, they are in the substrate and systematically receive the required moisture. Therefore, in an unnatural environment, humidity should not fall below 30%.The more dry air has a very negative effect on the period of flowering and can lead to a number of diseases of an exotic one.
Do not be tempted to over-spray the flower. On the general humidity of the air it absolutely will not affect, however, it can lead to the decay of the leaves and stems. The source of constant and necessary humidity can be a deep pallet with gravel embedded in it. In the reservoir is poured water, which due to constant evaporation and creates the necessary microclimate plant.
Correct care for folinopsis also includes the necessary lighting conditions for the flower. The plant has a rather low need for sunlight, the main thing is that the direction of the rays was not straight but scattered. It is quite comfortable orchid feels like in the penumbra. Lack of natural light can be compensated by artificial. For this purpose modern daytime running lamps will fit perfectly.
At home, it is best to place phalanx in the east or west wing of the room. Correctly organized lighting will provide extinction throughout the year for active growth. For this purpose, during the period from October to March, plant the plant on the south or west side, and from March to October - on the eastern side.
Lighting features depend on time of year. In the winter period, the duration of lighting should be not less than 12 hours. In autumn, it is best to make an additional light, otherwise the flower stalks can simply dry up. The lightest lack of lighting is most likely to be tolerated in the summer, but in this case young leaves of the shoots can be much smaller than the previous ones.
The temperature of the
The need to care for the phalaenopsis orchid in the home, also provides certain temperature indicators. Providing flower, favorable living conditions, it is necessary to distinguish between two concepts such as useful and tolerated temperature. Last, does not provide the tropical guest an optimal environment for active growth and photosynthesis, but at her plant, for some time can survive and not perish. This situation may arise in extreme circumstances, when the late autumn in the house has not yet switched on heating, or in hot weather you have heavily working batteries.
If the temperature indices are very portable, watch out for the condition of the root system, which should not be too moist, or vice versa dried.
But the useful indicators provide orchids for a long and successful livelihoods. On average, the normal temperature environment for phalangexis varies within 15 - 25 degrees. Indicators from 25 to 35 degrees are generally acceptable, but will not promote the active flowering of the orchid.
If the plant is in a temperature range reaching 45 degrees, the flower can burn or get a significant burn of leaves. Try not to lower the temperature below 12 degrees, otherwise the root system can freeze and perish. Low temperatures also contribute to falling buds, reducing the elasticity of the leaves, the emergence of various diseases.
The ideal temperature for excite ranges from 18 to 22 degrees. Proper care of phalanxis involves a slight difference in daily and night-time indices. In the summer, ensure the temperature of the plant within the range of 18 - 25 degrees, and in the winter within 20. During the formation of the flower buds, the most acceptable indicator is 16 degrees of heat.
Substrate and pot
To look after an orchid, phalaenopsis is very convenient if you put the plant in a transparent pot. This capacity has many great advantages. First, it allows you to constantly monitor the condition of the root system and the substrate in which the flower is located.
A very convenient pot for further transplantation, because the roots of exotic do not stick to the walls of the vessel and at the time of removal, the root system will not be very damaged. Taking care of the aesthetic side of the question, you can put a transparent pot decorative pots or any other pot of larger size. It is also possible to store the flower in containers made of clay.
Correct care of phaenopsis involves correctly selected pot parameters. If its size is too large, the substrate will slowly dry up, which over time will degrade the root system. Too small pot does not allow the orchid to fully develop, greatly worsens the process of photosynthesis and leads to permanent injury to the roots.
Take care of the qualitative substrate in which you put your green friend. The main component of the soil is pine bark of various diameters, with the addition of charcoal, perlite and special moss varieties of sphagnum.
The proportional ratio of the substrate directly depends on the conditions of the plant's maintenance. In rooms with insufficient moisture content, the third part of the substrate must be moss. In the event that the air humidity is sufficiently high, the moss content must be kept to a minimum.
To ensure the proper care of the phallo-pox orchids at home, use only high-quality soil and if you are not sure that you can make it yourself, it's better to buy a substrate in specialized flower stores.
Diseases and pests
Unfortunately, like other pets, orchids can be subjected to various unpleasant diseases and attacks of harmful microorganisms. Therefore, providing the necessary phaenopsis care, carefully monitor any changes that occur with the plant.
When it comes to defeating orchids by pests, it is often attacked by aphids, mildew, thrips and shchitivka. In this case, emergency measures must be taken to combat pests. The damaged plant should be thoroughly washed with warm, running water, dried and treated with damaged areas with the pesticides provided for this type of plant.
If in the home, the phallicans do not receive proper care, the plant may develop a disease such as brown leaf spotting. When detecting any irreversible processes that struck the leaves of the orchid, all damaged areas need to be removed, and place the sections to be treated with a special antibacterial solution. The tools you used to cut the infected leaves must be disinfected with alcohol, or heat treated.
In rare cases, an exotic guest can become infected with a viral illness. If you suspect this particular problem, the plant must be immediately isolated. It is best to consult with a specialist and if the viral diagnosis is confirmed, the flower will have to be burned to avoid mass contamination of other indoor plants.
Phalaenopsis Orchid at Home( Video)
This video will tell you how to properly care for Phalenopsis at home, what conditions are needed for this flowering plant.