Specificity of breeding rabbits
- 25 Aug 17:15
- Advantages of rabbit meat
- What are rabbit breeds?
- Selection of appropriate animals
- Organization of content
- Animal feeding
- Animal reproduction
- Recommendations for the care of rabbits
Rabbits breeding at home( in private courtyards, suburbansites) has a huge popularity due to the profitability and availability of such classes. The technology of breeding these animals allows them to grow even in an apartment, and on large plots can provide significant income with minimal expenses both financial and labor. Finally, breeding rabbits can be just a pleasing hobby, which also gives tasty meat.
Advantages of rabbit breeding
The desire to breed rabbits at its own site is fully justified on all sides. First, they are very unpretentious in the diet: vegetable food, fodder, hay, almost any grass. At the same time, they have a good appetite and are gaining weight. Secondly, animal breeding grows fast, and females are ready to continue their genera already at the age of 4 months. Third, the rabbits are quite active multiply. One female female can give up to 6 kilos per year, bringing an average of 24-27 rabbits.
As a whole, breeders have produced a lot of rabbit breeds, which makes it possible to choose the direction of home rabbit breeding. You can breed rabbits for meat, selecting large breeds( up to 10-13 kg) with low-grade fur. There are, on the contrary, small rabbits for breeding, which have a long-hollow valuable skins. It is possible to grow rabbits with a high kickback. In other words, when deciding to master rabbit meat in the house or in the country, it is necessary to determine whether it is necessary to breed animals with a directed purpose or to choose universal meat and meat breeds.
What are the rabbit breeds?
There are currently more than 200 different breeds of rabbits, but it is realistic for breeding at home to use no more than 15-20 species of different orientations. The most famous universal meat-skins breeds include: white and gray giants;silver, black-brown and Viennese blue rabbit;soviet chinchillaAmong the meat breeds are broilers of the kind: New Zealand white and Californian rabbit.
To obtain a high content of a delicate fluff it is better to dilute Angora or white fluffy rabbit. The following breeds are distinguished by the length of the hair of the fur covering:
In the amateur rabbit, the following animal breeds are most commonly used: protein, butterfly, Dutch, Russian ermine, black-and-fire and Thuringian rabbits. With a decorative purpose divorce dwarf species: harbor, hermelin, dwarf ram and lynchinol, rex dwarf and some others.
Animals are kept in cages free of charge. To protect against precipitation in some places, canopies are installed. Necessary element of the economy are uterine houses or artificial holes from the burrows of large boxes with a long entrance in the form of a tunnel length of about 1 m. For feeding and drinking set feeders and drinkers sufficient volume for the whole livestock.
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Selection of appropriate animals
Where to start your own rabbit meat? First of all, it is necessary to choose healthy individuals, which must form the basis of the economy. When selecting samples, particular attention should be paid to the following external parameters: a solid body of moderate fatness, dense, brilliant pile, purity and vitality of the eyes, vivacity. The color must correspond to the claimed breed. You should not buy animals with the following disadvantages: curvature of the paw, oblongness of the head, protruding femur bone, ears tenderness, abdominal sagging and bulging back, uneven shabby wool, characteristic symptoms of exhaustion or obesity. When choosing a rabbit family, it should be taken into account that 5-8 females must fall on one male.
Rabbits belong to the unique animal that can simultaneously provide useful, dietary meat, quite valuable skins and a wonderful fluff. One medium copy provides 4.5-6 kg of meat, peel and down( up to 1 kg from one female with her litter).Rabbit fur, albeit significantly inferior to the valuable bottle of fur-bearing animals, but has a wide application and is different in the variety of colors. The Pooh is highly valued and comparable to the best varieties of sheep fluff.
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The following types of animal retention are most commonly used: cellular, in pits or enclosures. These methods can be implemented within the premises or as a street setting. Cellular economy - the most compact for breeding animals, provided with the use of cells. They can be located in one or several tiers. The main materials for the production of cells - metal mesh, boards, plywood. Stationary large dwellings can be made of bricks. The roof must be protected against precipitation.
Particular attention is paid to the floor. It would be ideal to have an even wooden floor, but it is more difficult to keep it clean, and acute teeth of the beasts will scratch the mink in the tree. You can use a standard mesh structure, where the floor is made of metal mesh with an eye not more than 2x2 cm, but there is one danger: such a floor often leads to a rabble illness - prodermatome. Taking into account these problems, the floor of the cell is usually covered with a wooden rail with a gap of 15-20 mm and has a two-layered version( a tray for collecting dirt).
The optimal design of a two-chamber cell. In the first division, feeding animals and raising rabbits before posterity is carried out. The second compartment is the uterus, where the female is placed after an ocher. The floor in this camera should be free of gaps. Important elements of cellular arrangement are feeding the drinker. The latter must be firmly secured to exclude its overturning.
To keep the rabbits in winter, it's best to ensure that the cells are transferred to the room, but if there is no such possibility, you can make winter cells. In general, rabbits may well carry the cold, but for this purpose, it is necessary to mount two-layer walls with a heater.
The cell location should be correct. Flies are particularly poorly dragged and soaked. To exclude drafts and wind blowing the cages should be located along the fence or wall. The roof should completely exclude rain impregnation. To increase its reliability, it is usually done with a ramp to the back of the water drain. Do not allow inside direct sunlight to enter. Lighting should be of medium intensity and during 9-14 hours per day.
Optimum cell sizes for one family: width - 80-90 cm, depth - 55-65 cm, height - 60-75 cm.
Contents in pits. Another common way of breeding animals is their content in the pits. This method will be suitable for deep groundwater deposits and the presence of dry land. For these purposes, a finished cellar or cellar will fit, but you can make a special pit. It is important that it does not leak out water and provide complete dryness. The advantage of the method is considered the optimal use of plot area. In a pit size of 200 x 200 cm can hold 150-180 animals of different ages. It is not necessary only to plant new individuals: they will not be occupied by its inhabitants, but those animals that are raised in one well, perfectly get along with each other. The owner's task is to feed and drink animals in time and to clean their abode. It should be noted that the depth of the pit should be at least 1 m, and the hood( shed) must be protected from rain, but have a window for fresh air.
Content in the Aviator. Containment of rabbits involves the presence of large open dry land. Such a territory is enclosed along the perimeter of a metal net of not less than 1.5 m in height. In order to prevent animals from digging under the fence, protection in the form of a grid, metal sheets, slate or metal metal pins in step not more than 10 is set at a depth of 60 cm.see
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Rabbits are very unpretentious in nutrition, but they must receive the right amount of food and water in a timely manner. It is especially important that the animals receive enough drink, since they consume a significant amount of it. Water should always be in the drink.
A diet can include various plant mixtures. The basis of nutrition should be oats and hay. The need for the latter is due to two main reasons: a sufficient amount of fiber and toothpicks that grow continuously and require the same constant aggravation. Basically, the rabbits consume everything that is grown in the garden, but they are very fond of clover, dandelion and alfalfa. To replenish your vitamin stock, you need to add fruits and vegetables.
In winter, taking into account the absence of fresh herbs, it is necessary to monitor the feeding. In the feed you need to add vegetables, for example, you can give sauerkraut to 180 grams per day. It is useful to give coniferous branches. The food should be added to cooking salt, bone meal, chalk, carrots, fodder beets, potatoes and so on. Recommended rabbit winter ration daily ration: grain feed( oats, barley, wheat) - 3.1-3.3 kg;Potatoes - 3.8-4.2 kg;hay - 4-4.4 kg.
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When sharing males and females, the issue of paring is decided by nature itself. Most often they are placed separately from each other, and pairing is controlled by time. The female is ready for conception already in 4-5 months, as well as practically immediately after the fire. For a cage in a cage to a male the female starts. On the contrary, it is not recommended to do so, as males scare off unfamiliar odors, which can prevent normal procedure. If for some reason the female is not ready for mating, she decides whether to let or not let the males.
After pairing, it lasts 4-6 days and controls with other males. If the female is fertilized then she will not let her go. If the reunion still took place, then there is a need for a new control procedure in a week( the first one was unsuccessful).One male is able to serve 4-5 females per day, but he needs to periodically rest for 2-3 days.
Major mistakes in the care of rabbits that affect their breeding process: malnutrition, especially the lack of vitamins and essential trace elements;incorrect placement of the livestock house, which can cause stress in the rabbit and the death of offspring;the lack of milk in the nursing females. For the successful reproduction of rabbits, the following recommendations must be followed: the coupling must be carried out at a comfortable temperature;mating of animals of the same breed or with controlled mixing;it is necessary to exclude the related pairing;do not use males with signs of obesity or sick individuals;when the offspring appear, it is necessary to sow the male.
Rabbit Care Recommendations When breeding rabbits at home, it is advisable to follow the following rules:
To maintain animal health, vaccination should be performed. For these purposes a special associate vaccine is issued. It is allowed to use monovaccine against viral hemorrhagic disease and myxomatosis. Such a vaccine should be purchased only in specialized veterinary pharmacies.