Features of care and maintenance of dwarf rabbits
- 25 Aug 03:00
- How to live pygmy rabbit breeds
- Feeding dwarf rabbits
- Diseases of rabbits
Dwarf rabbits, care and retention are slightly different from the content of ordinary breeds of rabbits. The species of dwarf rabbits is derived from the UKby crossing a normal rabbit with different breeds and is considered to be decorative. To date, more than two hundred breeds of decorative rabbits have been taken out in the world, which are used as home pets instead of dogs, cats and hamsters. Dwarf rabbits are heat-loving and tidy animals of small size, the life expectancy under the right conditions is from three to twelve years, the animals feed on vegetation and cereals.
The weight of an adult beast is from 700 g to 4 kilograms, depending on the breed. The length of the trunk of the rabbit is about 5 centimeters.
Each species has its own color: red, gray, white, brown, as well as long-haired, with short coat and medium coat. The length of the ears determines the belonging of the rabbit to certain breeds, the rabbits are: long-haired, with medium and short ears. In dwarf rabbits there is practically no neck, it is densely covered with wool. Rabbits multiply-dwarfs by incubating the female in a cage to the male, and not vice versa. Fertilize rabbits at the age of eight months. A female rabbit carries up to ten kids in one seedling, but with high fecundity, survival is low.
How Dwarf Rabbits Live
Care for dwarf rabbits requires careful consideration to their content. Before you start a rabbit, you need to prepare a place where he will live. The rabbit is a lonely animal, it loves warmth and comfort. As a nursery home, nets and cells are used.
It does not matter which structures will grow and multiply animals, it is important that the housing of the animals was in a warm and cozy place away from the sunrays, drafts, heat and cold.
The optimum temperature for keeping rabbits is + 18-20 degrees. By housing dwarf rabbits you need to properly care: to change the bedding in time, to pour water into drinkers, to clean the inside of the net or cells at least once a week. In good time, remove the underserved food residue of animals, prevent the acidification of products in cells and feeders, clean up dirt, waste and other vital elements of animals, adhere to the rules of hygiene of animals, clean the coat with pollution, providing medical support to sick animals. It is imperative to fight fleas and ticks, because they carry deadly for rabbits viruses and infections.
Do not bathe rabbits, they are tidy animals and cope with this task independently. But if such a necessity arose, a special zoo shampoo or soap should be used for bathing. Comb hair can only in certain cases: if the wool is confused, if the wool is confused with any object or after bathing.
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Feeding Dwarf Rabbits
To grow a healthy animal and maintain its livelihood, it is necessary to choose the right nutrition. The animal has a small stomach, one-chamber, in addition, the processes of digestion and selection in the animal occur very quickly, so the dwarf rabbit can eat up to 30 times a day. In order for the animal to develop properly and grow, it needs: herbs, fruits, vegetables, cereals, supplements.
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Dwarf Dwarfs sells disease as well as conventional rabbits and are prone to diseases such as plantar dermatitis, viral infection( contagious cough and runny nose), hemorrhagic disease, pasteurleozy, infectiousstomatitis, invasive coccidiosis, myxomatosis, nodal tumors.
Decorative dwarf rabbits are very difficult to tolerate the disease, in 90% of cases there is a case. For example, such diseases of rabbits as pasterelosis( lesion of the lymphatic system of animal infections) and myxomatosis( contamination of blood from other animals, fleas and insects), treatment is not completely exposed. In animals, activity decreases, appetite disappears, ulcers appear on the body and subcutaneous swelling. If signs of the disease have been noticed, the animals are urgently siphoned from others and disinfected cells, drinkers, feeders, work tools, and clothing.
Skin diseases of rabbits, such as scapular lichen, infectious stomatitis, are treatable, but only in the early stages of the disease. Disinfection of animal housing is carried out at home, but if the rabbits get sick at breeding bases, in zoos or other places where there is a threat to other animals, a case of the disease is reported to the sanitary station. After deep disinfection is carried out and quarantine is announced. Ill animals are taken from others. Healthy animals are quarantined and observed for 21 days.
Infectious diseases of dwarf rabbits( rhinitis, cough and gastrointestinal tract disorder) are also treatable at early detection stages.
The care of a small species of rabbits is quite complicated in the early stages, when rabbits are only populated in new conditions, then the care process becomes easier. It is important to systematically review animals for the presence of diseases, then you can save life for such beautiful animals.