Eyelash Ingrown - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Photos
- 23 Aug 22:45
- Disease Of The Skin
The eyelashes are called hair that frames the lower and upper eyelids of the eye. Biologically, the eyelashes are bristle hairs that grow in 1-2 rows along the edge of the lower eyelid and 2-3rd in the upper eyelids. The total number of eyelashes per person is 250-400.The main function of the eyelashes is protective, they arenecessary to prevent the eyes of small insects and blemishes.
Sometimes, for a number of reasons, a growing disruption of eyelash growth. They may fall out, grow in the wrong direction, etc. One of the disorders is the growth of the eyelashes in the skin, this pathology is called trichiasis.
- 1 cause of disease
- 2 Clinical
- 3 Diagnostic Techniques
- 4 Treatment
- 4.1 Non-medicament treatment
- 4.2 Medication
- 4.3 Surgery
- 4.4 Further observations
- 4.5 Treatment folk methods
- 5 Prediction and prevention
causes of disease
As a rule, the violet has grown, it is a secondary phenomenon. That is, trichiasis is caused by some sort of primary factor.
This factor can be:
- Blepharitis is an inflammatory process in the tissues of the century.
- Conjunctivitis, especially in the event that the disease occurs chronically.
- Herpetic Eye Infection.
- Trachoma is a chronic infectious eye disease caused by chlamydia.
- InjuriesDamage or subsequent cicatricial changes in the eyelids may result in displacement of hair follicles and changes in the direction of lash growth, including germination.
Sometimes there is a congenital laceration in the growth of the lining that leads to their ingrown.
Clinical picture of
The lining can grow, both in the skin of the upper eyelid and in the eye tissue. Sometimes the skin falls into the lacrimal gland, which causes a feeling of the presence of a foreign body in the eye.
With the growth of the eyelashes in the skin of the upper eyelids, you can observe the formation of an epithelial tubercle through which the eyelashes are visible.
In the event that the eyelashes change the direction of growth towards the eyeball, then at blink they irritate the cornea, resulting in erosion formations. Patients often develop photophobia and blepharospasm. This condition provokes frequent flashing, which complicates the situation.
The degree of injury to the cornea depends on several factors:
- The amount of ingrown eyelashes;
- The duration of the pathological process.
As a result of injury to the cornea, infection of eye tissues, development of surface keratitis and corneal opacification may occur.
Trichiasis may be local when there is a limited number of eyelashes( 1-2) or widespread. Often, common trichiasis develops after an injury, resulting in scarring on the tissues of the century or its swirling.
Diagnosis of trichiasis and other disorders of the growth of the eyelashes is based on the collection of anamnesis and a series of physical studies. Instrumental and laboratory examinations are not intended.
When collecting anamnesis in a patient with ingrown eyelashes, it is necessary to find out if there was a trauma of the eye or eyelids in the past, a person does not suffer from chronic inflammatory diseases of the organs of vision. It should be clarified whether there were cases of eyelashes in the immediate family.
Physical examinations include:
- Visual Acuity Verification;
- Behavior of external eye, eye, conjunctiva.
In addition, biomicroscopy of the eye is assigned. This method of research is to conduct a detailed study of eye tissues using a special device. The device for conducting biomicroscopy includes a powerful light source( slit lamp) and a microscope. Carrying out the study allows you to investigate the condition of the cornea, its thickness, the presence of damage and their nature. The duration of the procedure is about 10 minutes, there are no contraindications for its implementation.
Incorrect growth of eyelashes and their ingestion must be distinguished from the inversion of the eyelids and distichiasis( an abnormality, in which there is an increase in the number of additional eyelashes).
The main purpose of treatment is to eliminate the discomfort caused by eyelids and prevent corneal injury.
In the event that adult eyelashes are the result of a chronic inflammatory process, it is necessary to direct forces to treat the underlying disease.
Non-medicated methods for treating
- Conducting epilation of ingrown or enlarging erroneous eyelashes. This is quite common, but not the most effective method of treatment, since with the growth of the eyelids, the removal operation has to be repeated. As a result, often carried out hair removal epilation becomes thin and loses pigment.
- Diathermocoagulation. This method is used when necessary to remove single ingots or growing wrong eyelashes. The method is based on the destruction of the hair bulb using a thin electrode of current.
- Laser coagulation, as described above, the method used to remove individual eyelashes has changed the direction of growth of
. Medicinal treatment of
Medicines are used to remove inflammation after the removal of the ingrown eyelash. When inflammation of the conjunctiva, drops with antibiotics - levomycitinum, sulfopyridazine and others - are used.
For inflammation of the eyelids, external devices( ointments or solutions of antibiotics) and antibacterial agents in tablets are used. If the inflammatory process has captured the cornea, as well, eye drops such as Sulfacil or Nursulfasol are used to prevent inflammation in the lesion of the cornea.
Drops, which include vitamins, are prescribed as regenerative therapy.
Surgical treatment of
In case of injuries, cicatricial changes or twists of the century, the behavior of the plastic surgery is shown. The purpose of treatment is to eliminate the causes leading to improper growth of the lashes.
After removing the eyelid and conducting medical treatment, it is necessary to observe for a while the patient's condition. The fact is that there are possible relapses of pathology, so you need to re-remove the ingrown or improperly growing eyelashes.
Treatment of folk methods
It is not possible to remove vrolyu vlyu using herbs. However, phytotherapy can help to remove eye inflammation, so folk methods can be used after removing the acne eyelashes in a medical facility to prevent relapse.
To remove inflammation will help infusion of cornflower blue, flowers of linden or calendula. To make money, brew a teaspoon of raw materials with half a glass of water. After cooling, the broth is used to prepare lotions for the eyes. In the eye, waddle disks impregnated with a decoction should lie in the darkened room for 10 minutes.
You can use ordinary tea to remove eye inflammation. To do this, the welds are wet wadded discs and put them on the eyes. Tea can be used in black or green, but it should be without artificial additives.
Forecast and prophylaxis
Prognosis in case of growth of eyelashes is favorable. With the correct treatment it is possible to completely get rid of pathology.
Prophylaxis of eyelashes is to prevent eye and eye injuries, in the timely treatment of inflammatory diseases.
After burning or injuring eye tissues in order to prevent the development of trichiasis, it is necessary to conduct primary surgical wound treatment for centuries.